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Table 5 (continued): Results of the hierarchical regression analyses with self-control as a moderator
  Preventive health care 
  SE b Beta [95%-CI] p R [95%-CI] √(ΔR²) √(ΔR²) [95%-CI] 
Step 1 Age .12 0.03 .12 [0.07, 0.17] <.001 .22 [0.18, 0.23] .22 [0.18, 0.23] 
Gender .19 0.02 .19 [0.14, 0.24] <.001 
Step 2 Age .11 0.03 .11 [0.06, 0.17] <.001 .23 [0.19, 0.27] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender .19 0.02 .19 [0.14, 0.23] <.001 
Shift work -.05 0.02 -.05 [-0.09, -0.01] .011 
Step 3 Age .08 0.02 .08 [0.04, 0.13] .001 .28 [0.24, 0.32] .16 [0.12, 0.20] 
Gender .17 0.02 .17 [0.13, 0.21] <.001 
Shift work -.04 0.02 -.04 [-0.08, 0.00] .037 
Self-control .16 0.03 .16 [0.10, 0.23] .000 
Step 4 Age .08 0.02 .08 [0.04, 0.13] .001 .27 [0.23, 0.31] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender .17 0.02 .17 [0.13, 0.21] <.001 
Shift work .02 0.06 .02 [-0.10, 0.13] .759 
Self-control .17 0.03 .17 [0.10, 0.25] .000 
Shift work x self-control -.06 0.06 -.06 [-0.18, 0.05] .285 
Step 5 Age .08 0.02 .08 [0.04, 0.13] .001 .27 [0.23, 0.31] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender .19 0.07 .19 [0.00, 0.26] .044 
Shift work .00 0.18 .00 [-0.35, 0.35] .989 
Self-control .12 0.08 .12 [-0.03, 0.27] .122 
Shift work x self-control .01 0.18 .01 [-0.34, 0.37] .940 
Shift work x gender .01 0.20 .01 [-0.38, 0.40] .945 
Gender x self-control .08 0.10 .08 [-0.12, 0.28] .449 
Shift work x gender x self-control -.08 0.20 -.08 [-0.48, 0.32] .696 
  Preventive health care 
  SE b Beta [95%-CI] p R [95%-CI] √(ΔR²) √(ΔR²) [95%-CI] 
Step 1 Age .12 0.03 .12 [0.07, 0.17] <.001 .22 [0.18, 0.23] .22 [0.18, 0.23] 
Gender .19 0.02 .19 [0.14, 0.24] <.001 
Step 2 Age .11 0.03 .11 [0.06, 0.17] <.001 .23 [0.19, 0.27] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender .19 0.02 .19 [0.14, 0.23] <.001 
Shift work -.05 0.02 -.05 [-0.09, -0.01] .011 
Step 3 Age .08 0.02 .08 [0.04, 0.13] .001 .28 [0.24, 0.32] .16 [0.12, 0.20] 
Gender .17 0.02 .17 [0.13, 0.21] <.001 
Shift work -.04 0.02 -.04 [-0.08, 0.00] .037 
Self-control .16 0.03 .16 [0.10, 0.23] .000 
Step 4 Age .08 0.02 .08 [0.04, 0.13] .001 .27 [0.23, 0.31] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender .17 0.02 .17 [0.13, 0.21] <.001 
Shift work .02 0.06 .02 [-0.10, 0.13] .759 
Self-control .17 0.03 .17 [0.10, 0.25] .000 
Shift work x self-control -.06 0.06 -.06 [-0.18, 0.05] .285 
Step 5 Age .08 0.02 .08 [0.04, 0.13] .001 .27 [0.23, 0.31] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender .19 0.07 .19 [0.00, 0.26] .044 
Shift work .00 0.18 .00 [-0.35, 0.35] .989 
Self-control .12 0.08 .12 [-0.03, 0.27] .122 
Shift work x self-control .01 0.18 .01 [-0.34, 0.37] .940 
Shift work x gender .01 0.20 .01 [-0.38, 0.40] .945 
Gender x self-control .08 0.10 .08 [-0.12, 0.28] .449 
Shift work x gender x self-control -.08 0.20 -.08 [-0.48, 0.32] .696 

<em>Note.</em> SE = standard error; [95%-CI] = confidence interval for b and Beta; <em>p</em> = <em>p</em>-value; R[95%-CI] = confidence interval for R; √(ΔR²)[95%-CI] = confidence interval for √(ΔR²).

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