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Table 5 (continued): Results of the hierarchical regression analyses with self-control as a moderator
  Alcohol consumption 
  SE b Beta [95%-CI] p R [95%-CI] √(ΔR²) √(ΔR²) [95%-CI] 
Step 1 Age -.09 0.03 -.09 [-0.15, -0.03] .007 .16 [0.12, 0.20] .16 [0.12, 0.20] 
Gender -.14 0.02 -.14 [-0.18, -0.10] <.001 
Step 2 Age -.09 0.03 -.09 [-0.15, -0.03] .006 .17 [0.13, 0.21] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender -.14 0.02 -.14 [-0.18, -0.10] <.001 
Shift work -.04 0.02 -.04 [-0.08, 0.00] .068 
Step 3 Age -.08 0.03 -.08 [-0.13, -0.02] .011 .19 [0.15, 0.23] .10 [0.06, 0.14] 
Gender -.13 0.02 -.13 [-0.17, -0.09] <.001 
Shift work -.04 0.02 -.04 [-0.09, 0.00] .041 
Self-control -.09 0.04 -.09 -0.18, -0.01 .032 
Step 4 Age -.07 0.03 -.07 -0.13, -0.02 .012 .20 [0.16, 0.24] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender -.13 0.02 -.13 -0.17, -0.09 <.001 
Shift work -.13 0.06 -.13 [-0.26, 0.00] .049 
Self-control -.11 0.04 -.11 [-0.19, -0.03] .014 
Shift work x self-control .09 .07 .09 [-0.04, 0.22] .171 
Step 5 Age -.07 0.03 -.07 [-0.13, -0.02] .013 .20 [0.16, 0.24] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender -.25 0.07 -.25 [-0.39, -0.10] .001 
Shift work -.40 0.18 -.40 [-0.76, -0.04] .029 
Self-control -.23 0.10 -.23 [-0.44, -0.01] .041 
Shift work x self-control .29 0.20 .29 [-0.10, 0.68] .139 
Shift work x gender .30 0.20 .30 [-0.10, 0.70] .142 
Gender x self-control .17 0.11 .17 [-0.06, 0.40] .144 
Shift work x gender x self-control -.22 0.22 -.22 [-0.66, 0.22] .315 
  Alcohol consumption 
  SE b Beta [95%-CI] p R [95%-CI] √(ΔR²) √(ΔR²) [95%-CI] 
Step 1 Age -.09 0.03 -.09 [-0.15, -0.03] .007 .16 [0.12, 0.20] .16 [0.12, 0.20] 
Gender -.14 0.02 -.14 [-0.18, -0.10] <.001 
Step 2 Age -.09 0.03 -.09 [-0.15, -0.03] .006 .17 [0.13, 0.21] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender -.14 0.02 -.14 [-0.18, -0.10] <.001 
Shift work -.04 0.02 -.04 [-0.08, 0.00] .068 
Step 3 Age -.08 0.03 -.08 [-0.13, -0.02] .011 .19 [0.15, 0.23] .10 [0.06, 0.14] 
Gender -.13 0.02 -.13 [-0.17, -0.09] <.001 
Shift work -.04 0.02 -.04 [-0.09, 0.00] .041 
Self-control -.09 0.04 -.09 -0.18, -0.01 .032 
Step 4 Age -.07 0.03 -.07 -0.13, -0.02 .012 .20 [0.16, 0.24] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender -.13 0.02 -.13 -0.17, -0.09 <.001 
Shift work -.13 0.06 -.13 [-0.26, 0.00] .049 
Self-control -.11 0.04 -.11 [-0.19, -0.03] .014 
Shift work x self-control .09 .07 .09 [-0.04, 0.22] .171 
Step 5 Age -.07 0.03 -.07 [-0.13, -0.02] .013 .20 [0.16, 0.24] .00 [-0.04, 0.04] 
Gender -.25 0.07 -.25 [-0.39, -0.10] .001 
Shift work -.40 0.18 -.40 [-0.76, -0.04] .029 
Self-control -.23 0.10 -.23 [-0.44, -0.01] .041 
Shift work x self-control .29 0.20 .29 [-0.10, 0.68] .139 
Shift work x gender .30 0.20 .30 [-0.10, 0.70] .142 
Gender x self-control .17 0.11 .17 [-0.06, 0.40] .144 
Shift work x gender x self-control -.22 0.22 -.22 [-0.66, 0.22] .315 

<em>Note.</em> SE = standard error; [95%-CI] = confidence interval for b and Beta; <em>p</em> = <em>p</em>-value; R[95%-CI] = confidence interval for R; √(ΔR²)[95%-CI] = confidence interval for √(ΔR²)

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