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Table 3.
Excerpt of students’ reflections on engagement after experiencing “Science Negotiation Pedagogy.”
Writing /interview quotes from studentsPhases of Science Negotiation Pedagogy
VI. Reflect through individual writingI. Create a driving questionII. Construct a tentative model in groupsIII. Construct a tentative argument in groupsIV. Negotiate models and arguments in a whole-class discussion.V. Consult the experts
“To explain our idea, we draw a picture or used a model to show our thought in negotiation”      
“The model helps me to construct my claim and evidence”      
“After I have more experience [modeling and argumentative practice], I know how to write good claim and evidence”      
“Now I understand that only providing one data wouldn't be that good of evidence because it wouldn't really get much stuff to know. You actually have to have reasoning, I think, to actually explain how it happened. That explains everything in the claim”      
“Communication is kind of like a form of arguing and negotiating”      
“If you agree or disagree, you can't just say, ‘I agree’ and expect them to just believe you. You have to say why you disagree or why you agree…drawing a picture [model] is a good way to explain my idea”      
“We have our own question, and we have to test by ourselves. The interesting part is to write up our claim and evidence and use our model to negotiate it in class. We decide whether our evidence supports the claim”      
Writing /interview quotes from studentsPhases of Science Negotiation Pedagogy
VI. Reflect through individual writingI. Create a driving questionII. Construct a tentative model in groupsIII. Construct a tentative argument in groupsIV. Negotiate models and arguments in a whole-class discussion.V. Consult the experts
“To explain our idea, we draw a picture or used a model to show our thought in negotiation”      
“The model helps me to construct my claim and evidence”      
“After I have more experience [modeling and argumentative practice], I know how to write good claim and evidence”      
“Now I understand that only providing one data wouldn't be that good of evidence because it wouldn't really get much stuff to know. You actually have to have reasoning, I think, to actually explain how it happened. That explains everything in the claim”      
“Communication is kind of like a form of arguing and negotiating”      
“If you agree or disagree, you can't just say, ‘I agree’ and expect them to just believe you. You have to say why you disagree or why you agree…drawing a picture [model] is a good way to explain my idea”      
“We have our own question, and we have to test by ourselves. The interesting part is to write up our claim and evidence and use our model to negotiate it in class. We decide whether our evidence supports the claim”      
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