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Table 1.

Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK).

TEK CategoryImplementation Example
Biophysical (early indicators) Plant species Food and nourishment 
Medicinal plants 
Sacred plants 
Materials for building, fibers for ropes and clothing 
Animals Food and nourishment 
Habitat, activities, seasonal changes 
Sacred or spiritual 
Ecological conditions Rainy and dry seasons and indicators 
Signs of disaster (e.g. storms, freezes) 
Systems and interdependencies Inter-ecosystem connections (e.g., riverine and floodplain) 
Connections between species, keystone species 
Indicators for ecosystem health, potential interventions 
TEK CategoryImplementation Example
Biophysical (early indicators) Plant species Food and nourishment 
Medicinal plants 
Sacred plants 
Materials for building, fibers for ropes and clothing 
Animals Food and nourishment 
Habitat, activities, seasonal changes 
Sacred or spiritual 
Ecological conditions Rainy and dry seasons and indicators 
Signs of disaster (e.g. storms, freezes) 
Systems and interdependencies Inter-ecosystem connections (e.g., riverine and floodplain) 
Connections between species, keystone species 
Indicators for ecosystem health, potential interventions 
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