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Table 2

Phytoplankton pigments and their presence in the algae groups used in this study with the CHEMTAX program. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.430.t2

PigmentAbbreviationaSpecificity

 
Chlorophylls 

 
Chlorophyll a Chl a All phytoplankton except Prochlorococcus 
Chlorophyll b Chl b Chlorophytes, prasinophytes, euglenophytes 
Chlorophyll c1 + c2 Chl c1 + c2 Diatoms, prymnesiophytes, dinoflagellates, cryptophytes, chrysophytes, and raphidophytes 
Chlorophyll c3 Chl c3 Prymnesiophytes, chrysophytes and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
Xanthophylls 

 
19’-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin But-fuco Prymnesiophytes, chrysophytes, and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
Fucoxanthin Fuco Diatoms, prymnesiophytes, chrysophytes, pelagophytes, and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
19’-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin Hex-fuco Major in prymnesiophytes and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
Lutein Lut Chlorophytes, prasinophytes 
Neoxanthin Neo Chlorophytes, prasinophytes 
Peridinin Peri Dinoflagellates type 1 
Prasinoxanthin Pras Prasinophytes type 3 (A, B) 
PigmentAbbreviationaSpecificity

 
Chlorophylls 

 
Chlorophyll a Chl a All phytoplankton except Prochlorococcus 
Chlorophyll b Chl b Chlorophytes, prasinophytes, euglenophytes 
Chlorophyll c1 + c2 Chl c1 + c2 Diatoms, prymnesiophytes, dinoflagellates, cryptophytes, chrysophytes, and raphidophytes 
Chlorophyll c3 Chl c3 Prymnesiophytes, chrysophytes and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
Xanthophylls 

 
19’-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin But-fuco Prymnesiophytes, chrysophytes, and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
Fucoxanthin Fuco Diatoms, prymnesiophytes, chrysophytes, pelagophytes, and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
19’-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin Hex-fuco Major in prymnesiophytes and dinoflagellates type 2 (lacking peridinin) 
Lutein Lut Chlorophytes, prasinophytes 
Neoxanthin Neo Chlorophytes, prasinophytes 
Peridinin Peri Dinoflagellates type 1 
Prasinoxanthin Pras Prasinophytes type 3 (A, B) 

a Abbreviations from the Scientific Council for Oceanic Research (Jeffrey et al., 1997).

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