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Table 3

Places to intervene in a system, in increasing order of effectiveness (Meadows, 2010, 1997). Leverage points highlighted in bold were evaluated in this research project and are further elaborated upon in the Discussion. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.433.t3


 
12 Constants, parameters, numbers (such as subsidies, taxes, standards) 
11 The size of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows 
10 The structure of material stocks and flows (such as transport network, population age structures) 
The lengths of delays, relative to the rate of system change 
8 The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against 
The gain around driving positive feedback loops 
6 The structure of information flow (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information) 
5 The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishment, constraints) 
4 The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure 
3 The goals of the system 
2 The mindset or paradigm out of which the system – its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters – arises 
1 The power to transcend paradigms 

 

 
12 Constants, parameters, numbers (such as subsidies, taxes, standards) 
11 The size of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows 
10 The structure of material stocks and flows (such as transport network, population age structures) 
The lengths of delays, relative to the rate of system change 
8 The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against 
The gain around driving positive feedback loops 
6 The structure of information flow (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information) 
5 The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishment, constraints) 
4 The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure 
3 The goals of the system 
2 The mindset or paradigm out of which the system – its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters – arises 
1 The power to transcend paradigms 

 
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