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Table 2.

Examples of Data Commonly Collected in Studies of Interpersonal Musical Entrainment

DataExample data recording method(s)Typical modalityData type
Instrumental/vocal note/event onsets Audio recordings, MIDI recordings Auditory Discrete 
Instrumental/vocal envelopes Audio recordings Auditory Continuous 
Movement trajectories Motion capture, accelerometers, video recordings, force-plate data Spatial Continuous 
Movement classes (e.g. head nod, specific hand gesture or signal) Motion capture, accelerometers, video recordings Spatial Discrete 
Brain activity Electroencephalography, magnetoencephalography Physiological Continuous 
Autonomic nervous system activity Heart rate monitor, electrocardiography (ECG), respiration monitor Physiological Continuous 
DataExample data recording method(s)Typical modalityData type
Instrumental/vocal note/event onsets Audio recordings, MIDI recordings Auditory Discrete 
Instrumental/vocal envelopes Audio recordings Auditory Continuous 
Movement trajectories Motion capture, accelerometers, video recordings, force-plate data Spatial Continuous 
Movement classes (e.g. head nod, specific hand gesture or signal) Motion capture, accelerometers, video recordings Spatial Discrete 
Brain activity Electroencephalography, magnetoencephalography Physiological Continuous 
Autonomic nervous system activity Heart rate monitor, electrocardiography (ECG), respiration monitor Physiological Continuous 
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