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Table A1.

Effects of Music Experience on Metrical Restoration

ExperimentNGenderAgeMusic experiencecCorrelation with metrical restorationMusic experience differences between groups
72a 52 F, 17 Mb 21.0 (2.4) 6.1 (5.7) 0.217+ Diverse-timbre > single timbre, p = .009 
96 71 F, 25 M 20.8 (2.1) 6.1 (6.2) 0.222* 
48 32 F, 16 M 21.3 (1.8) 4.6 (5.5) 0.530***,d ns 
48 42 F, 6 M 20.8 (2.7) 8.1 (6.2) 0.308* ns 
4ctrl 48 33 F, 15 M 20.1 (1.8) 6.7 (6) 0.229 
48 38 F, 10 M 20.3 (1.6) 5.9 (5.7) −0.052 
48a 35 F, 12 Mb 20.0 (1.5) 6.4 (5.6) 0.134 ns 
ExperimentNGenderAgeMusic experiencecCorrelation with metrical restorationMusic experience differences between groups
72a 52 F, 17 Mb 21.0 (2.4) 6.1 (5.7) 0.217+ Diverse-timbre > single timbre, p = .009 
96 71 F, 25 M 20.8 (2.1) 6.1 (6.2) 0.222* 
48 32 F, 16 M 21.3 (1.8) 4.6 (5.5) 0.530***,d ns 
48 42 F, 6 M 20.8 (2.7) 8.1 (6.2) 0.308* ns 
4ctrl 48 33 F, 15 M 20.1 (1.8) 6.7 (6) 0.229 
48 38 F, 10 M 20.3 (1.6) 5.9 (5.7) −0.052 
48a 35 F, 12 Mb 20.0 (1.5) 6.4 (5.6) 0.134 ns 

Note. Music experience was quantified as the number of years during which the participant stated they had played a musical instrument or sung.

a Two participants in Experiment 1, and one in Experiment 6, failed to complete background questionnaires and are not included in the analyses here.

b One participant declined to provide gender information.

c While means were fairly high, many participants reported 0 years of music experience (Experiment 1: 32%; Experiment 2: 36%; Experiment 3: 48%; Experiment 4: 19%; Experiment 4 control: 38%; Experiment 5: 35%; Experiment 6: 34%).

d The top four metrical restoration scores were in the Match condition. All four participants had 12 or more years music experience. Removing them dropped the correlation to .21, but the Conflict effect was still significant, p = .009.

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