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Table 8.

Factors Found to Affect Metrical Restoration

FactorAffects restoration?Experiment
Timbre uniqueness* No 1, 4 
Rate uniqueness No 
Unique rhythmic pattern Yes 2, 3, 4 
Number of exposures No? ** 2, 3, 6 
Rhythmic pattern similarity No/Weak 
Unique rhythmic pattern-melody combination No 3, 4 
Rhythmic pattern immediate repetition No 
Overall melodic form Yes 4, 5 
Unique rhythmic pattern-contour combination Yes 6 
FactorAffects restoration?Experiment
Timbre uniqueness* No 1, 4 
Rate uniqueness No 
Unique rhythmic pattern Yes 2, 3, 4 
Number of exposures No? ** 2, 3, 6 
Rhythmic pattern similarity No/Weak 
Unique rhythmic pattern-melody combination No 3, 4 
Rhythmic pattern immediate repetition No 
Overall melodic form Yes 4, 5 
Unique rhythmic pattern-contour combination Yes 6 

*This conflicts with Creel’s (2012) findings. See discussion in text.

**In the limit, exposure would have to have effects, in that zero exposures should generate no restoration.

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