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Table 1.
Pre-service teachers report that their understanding of both science content and the scientific method deepened as a consequence of participation in Science in Action! Responses of science majors did not show an increase.
Post-test Survey ItemScience majors (N = 151)Pre-service teachers (N = 48)
 Agree or Strongly Agree Mean (5 pt. scale) Agree or Strongly Agree Mean (5 pt. scale) 
This experience has deepened my own understanding of the scientific method. 48.3% 3.36 66.7% 3.65 
This experience has deepened my understanding of science content. 54.0% 3.39 70.8% 3.63 
Post-test Survey ItemScience majors (N = 151)Pre-service teachers (N = 48)
 Agree or Strongly Agree Mean (5 pt. scale) Agree or Strongly Agree Mean (5 pt. scale) 
This experience has deepened my own understanding of the scientific method. 48.3% 3.36 66.7% 3.65 
This experience has deepened my understanding of science content. 54.0% 3.39 70.8% 3.63 
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