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Table 3

Valence and arousal ratings by participant gender.

Scene categoryValence ratings, M (SD)Arousal ratings, M (SD)

MenWomenMenWomen

 
Negative Higher Social 2.22 (1.53)*** 1.85 (1.40) 5.53 (2.77)*** 6.13 (2.63) 
Negative Higher Nonsocial 2.56 (1.72)*** 2.11 (1.61) 5.13 (2.74)**  5.63 (2.74) 
Negative Moderate Social 3.54 (1.89)*** 3.18 (1.91) 4.44 (2.50)**  4.78 (2.52) 
Negative Moderate Nonsocial 3.25 (1.81)*** 2.84 (1.78) 4.31 (2.55)**  4.70 (2.61) 
Neutral Moderate Social 5.32 (1.61)    5.35 (1.65) 3.50 (2.21)    3.60 (2.29) 
Neutral Moderate Nonsocial 5.10 (1.83)    5.05 (1.93) 3.44 (2.30)    3.55 (2.39) 
Neutral Lower Social 5.42 (1.56)    5.35 (1.64) 3.24 (2.15)    3.39 (2.24) 
Neutral Lower Nonsocial 5.64 (1.76)    5.59 (1.86) 3.46 (2.38)    3.53 (2.43) 
Positive Higher Social 5.97 (2.17)*** 5.52 (1.99) 4.61 (2.79)*** 4.08 (2.56) 
Positive Higher Nonsocial 7.21 (1.64)*** 7.58 (1.67) 4.90 (2.60)**  5.26 (2.74) 
Positive Moderate Social 6.45 (1.80)*** 6.73 (1.87) 4.28 (2.43)*   4.54 (2.56) 
Positive Moderate Nonsocial 6.68 (1.73)*** 6.92 (1.82) 4.28 (2.47)*   4.52 (2.64) 
Scene categoryValence ratings, M (SD)Arousal ratings, M (SD)

MenWomenMenWomen

 
Negative Higher Social 2.22 (1.53)*** 1.85 (1.40) 5.53 (2.77)*** 6.13 (2.63) 
Negative Higher Nonsocial 2.56 (1.72)*** 2.11 (1.61) 5.13 (2.74)**  5.63 (2.74) 
Negative Moderate Social 3.54 (1.89)*** 3.18 (1.91) 4.44 (2.50)**  4.78 (2.52) 
Negative Moderate Nonsocial 3.25 (1.81)*** 2.84 (1.78) 4.31 (2.55)**  4.70 (2.61) 
Neutral Moderate Social 5.32 (1.61)    5.35 (1.65) 3.50 (2.21)    3.60 (2.29) 
Neutral Moderate Nonsocial 5.10 (1.83)    5.05 (1.93) 3.44 (2.30)    3.55 (2.39) 
Neutral Lower Social 5.42 (1.56)    5.35 (1.64) 3.24 (2.15)    3.39 (2.24) 
Neutral Lower Nonsocial 5.64 (1.76)    5.59 (1.86) 3.46 (2.38)    3.53 (2.43) 
Positive Higher Social 5.97 (2.17)*** 5.52 (1.99) 4.61 (2.79)*** 4.08 (2.56) 
Positive Higher Nonsocial 7.21 (1.64)*** 7.58 (1.67) 4.90 (2.60)**  5.26 (2.74) 
Positive Moderate Social 6.45 (1.80)*** 6.73 (1.87) 4.28 (2.43)*   4.54 (2.56) 
Positive Moderate Nonsocial 6.68 (1.73)*** 6.92 (1.82) 4.28 (2.47)*   4.52 (2.64) 

Note: Asterisks denote significant gender differences in ratings. See Table S2 for the t-test statistics.

* p < .05. ** p < .01. *** p < .001.

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