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Table 9

Study 3: Means, Standard Deviations and Effect Sizes.

OutcomeHigh-Connection ConditionLow-Connection Conditiondraw (dadjusted)dz

MeansaSDMeansaSD

 
Money Spent 4.23 1.63 2.95 1.79 0.75 0.63 
Social Connection 6.02 (5.94) 1.00 3.84 (3.92) 1.32 1.86 (1.73) 1.46 
Positive Affect 5.70 (5.67) 1.26 3.15 (3.18) 1.58 1.78 (1.74) 1.47 
Negative Affect 1.40 (1.31) 0.90 2.12 (2.21) 1.51 0.58 (0.72) 0.47 
OutcomeHigh-Connection ConditionLow-Connection Conditiondraw (dadjusted)dz

MeansaSDMeansaSD

 
Money Spent 4.23 1.63 2.95 1.79 0.75 0.63 
Social Connection 6.02 (5.94) 1.00 3.84 (3.92) 1.32 1.86 (1.73) 1.46 
Positive Affect 5.70 (5.67) 1.26 3.15 (3.18) 1.58 1.78 (1.74) 1.47 
Negative Affect 1.40 (1.31) 0.90 2.12 (2.21) 1.51 0.58 (0.72) 0.47 

Note: Cohen’s d (raw) is calculated with the difference between raw means. Cohen’sd (adjusted) is calculated with the difference between means that adjust for amount of money spent as a covariate. Cohen’s dz is calculated by dividing the mean difference score by its standard deviation; a difference score was calculated for each participant by subtracting their score in the low-connection condition from their score in the high-connection condition; the difference does not adjust for amount of money spent as a covariate.

a Adjusted means reported in parentheses.

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