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Table 4.
Aspects of instruction that students said influenced their level of perceived conflict between religion and evolution.
ParticipantChange in perceived conflictDid not force student acceptance of evolutionRespect for multiple viewpointsExposure to evolution contentPresented religious scientist role modelsAcknowledgment of potential conflict between religion and evolutionPresented the bounded nature of scienceDescribed multiple viewpointsSafe classroom community
Colin Little conflict → No conflict ✓  ✓   ✓   
Danielle Some conflict → No conflict ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓     
Esmeralda A lot of conflict → Little conflict ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓   
Inez Some conflict → Little conflict ✓ ✓ ✓   ✓   
Gabrielle A lot of conflict → Some conflict ✓ ✓  ✓     
Julianna A lot of conflict → Some conflict ✓ ✓ ✓      
Brittany A lot of conflict → Some conflict ✓   ✓ ✓  ✓ ✓ 
Kristen Little conflict → No conflict  ✓ ✓  ✓    
Hunter Some conflict → Some conflict         
Fiona Some conflict → Some conflict         
  7 out of 10 students 6 out of 10 students 6 out of 10
students 
4 out of 10 students 3 out of 10
students 
3 out of 10 students 1 out of 10
students 
1 out of 10
students 
ParticipantChange in perceived conflictDid not force student acceptance of evolutionRespect for multiple viewpointsExposure to evolution contentPresented religious scientist role modelsAcknowledgment of potential conflict between religion and evolutionPresented the bounded nature of scienceDescribed multiple viewpointsSafe classroom community
Colin Little conflict → No conflict ✓  ✓   ✓   
Danielle Some conflict → No conflict ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓     
Esmeralda A lot of conflict → Little conflict ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓   
Inez Some conflict → Little conflict ✓ ✓ ✓   ✓   
Gabrielle A lot of conflict → Some conflict ✓ ✓  ✓     
Julianna A lot of conflict → Some conflict ✓ ✓ ✓      
Brittany A lot of conflict → Some conflict ✓   ✓ ✓  ✓ ✓ 
Kristen Little conflict → No conflict  ✓ ✓  ✓    
Hunter Some conflict → Some conflict         
Fiona Some conflict → Some conflict         
  7 out of 10 students 6 out of 10 students 6 out of 10
students 
4 out of 10 students 3 out of 10
students 
3 out of 10 students 1 out of 10
students 
1 out of 10
students 
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