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Table 2.
Categories for students' perceived conflict between religion and evolution.
Level of Perceived ConflictDescription
3: A lot of conflict The student perceives that evolution conflicts with most aspects of their personal/religious beliefs. They believe that there can be little to no reconciliation between evolution and their personal/religious beliefs. For example, a student may believe in young Earth creationism, and that evolution conflicts with that belief. Alternatively, a student may have initially only known about special creationism and did not even consider evolution a viewpoint until the program. 
2: Some conflict Though the student has somewhat reconciled their personal/religious beliefs with evolution, they still struggle to decrease conflict between their beliefs and certain aspects of evolution. For example, the student may believe that some aspects of evolution, such as natural selection and adaptation, are compatible with their beliefs, but other aspects such as human evolution are still incompatible with their personal/religious beliefs. 
1: Little conflict The student has mostly reconciled their personal/religious beliefs with evolution. Though the student does not directly state that there is a conflict, some of their statements indicate that they still perceive some sort of conflict between their beliefs and evolution. 
0: No conflict The student perceives no conflict between their personal/religious beliefs and evolution. They believe that their beliefs are compatible with evolution and do not contradict this perception with any other statements. 
Level of Perceived ConflictDescription
3: A lot of conflict The student perceives that evolution conflicts with most aspects of their personal/religious beliefs. They believe that there can be little to no reconciliation between evolution and their personal/religious beliefs. For example, a student may believe in young Earth creationism, and that evolution conflicts with that belief. Alternatively, a student may have initially only known about special creationism and did not even consider evolution a viewpoint until the program. 
2: Some conflict Though the student has somewhat reconciled their personal/religious beliefs with evolution, they still struggle to decrease conflict between their beliefs and certain aspects of evolution. For example, the student may believe that some aspects of evolution, such as natural selection and adaptation, are compatible with their beliefs, but other aspects such as human evolution are still incompatible with their personal/religious beliefs. 
1: Little conflict The student has mostly reconciled their personal/religious beliefs with evolution. Though the student does not directly state that there is a conflict, some of their statements indicate that they still perceive some sort of conflict between their beliefs and evolution. 
0: No conflict The student perceives no conflict between their personal/religious beliefs and evolution. They believe that their beliefs are compatible with evolution and do not contradict this perception with any other statements. 
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