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Table 1

Comparison of global and regional food consumption with requirements for a “healthy diet”. The maximum recommended intake of meat and dairy is 567 kcal/p/d; the intake of fish is kept at current consumption levels of 54 kcal/p/d. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.310.t1

Food typeHealthy diet (kcal/p/day)Current (2013) global and regional consumption (kcal/p/day)

WorldIndustrial-ised AsiaNorth America & OceaniaEurope inc. RussiaLatin AmericaSouth & Southeast AsiaNorth Africa, West & Central AsiaSub-Saharan Africa

 
Fruit and vegetables 255 (minimum) 159b 294 129b 142b 112b 82b 154b 193a 
Sugar and sweeteners 150 (maximum) 189a 68 383b 264b 297b 195a 214b 153a 
Vegetable oils 360 (maximum) 219 179 626b 359 296 116 304 173 
Meat, dairy and fish 624 (maximum) 499 624 1059b 1035b 637a 257 404 170 
Food typeHealthy diet (kcal/p/day)Current (2013) global and regional consumption (kcal/p/day)

WorldIndustrial-ised AsiaNorth America & OceaniaEurope inc. RussiaLatin AmericaSouth & Southeast AsiaNorth Africa, West & Central AsiaSub-Saharan Africa

 
Fruit and vegetables 255 (minimum) 159b 294 129b 142b 112b 82b 154b 193a 
Sugar and sweeteners 150 (maximum) 189a 68 383b 264b 297b 195a 214b 153a 
Vegetable oils 360 (maximum) 219 179 626b 359 296 116 304 173 
Meat, dairy and fish 624 (maximum) 499 624 1059b 1035b 637a 257 404 170 

a Indicates consumption outside healthy dietary limits (World Health Organisation & Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, 2003; Willett, 2001; American Heart Association, 2001).

b Indicates consumption more than 33% outside healthy dietary limits (World Health Organisation & Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, 2003; Willett, 2001; American Heart Association, 2001).

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