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Table 5

Proposal of species, organized by function, for developing the Index of Agrobiodiversity (IDA). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.336.t5

Sub-IndicesNo.Species and functions

 
Sub-index FER
Biodiversity for human diet 
Plant-based (leguminous plants) 
II Animal-based (milk, meat, eggs, fish) 
III Energy-giving (roots, tubers, and cereals) 
IV Energy-giving (oil seeds) 
Regulating (vegetables) 
VI Regulating (annual and perennial fruits) 

 
Sub-index FE
Biodiversity for animal feed 
VII Plant-based (leguminous plants, trees and creeping plants) 
VIII Energy-giving (pasture, forage and cereals) 

 
Sub-index AVA
Biodiversity to improve soils 
IX Green manures, crop residues, organic fertilisers,
inert weeds (or non-crop species), live cover for soil protection 
Species that contribute to the production of bio-fertilisers 

 
Sub-index COM
Complementary and Associated Biodiversity for non-dietary use 
XI Medicinal, stimulating and seasoning species 
XII Flowers, ornamental plants, food plants for wild birds 
XIII Timber, domestic use, energy-building 
XIV Other uses: species with spiritual values, religious uses, industrial or artisanal use 
XV Climate Change (living fences to protect against the wind) repellents and attractants, hedges, melliferous, amongst others. 

 
Sub-IndicesNo.Species and functions

 
Sub-index FER
Biodiversity for human diet 
Plant-based (leguminous plants) 
II Animal-based (milk, meat, eggs, fish) 
III Energy-giving (roots, tubers, and cereals) 
IV Energy-giving (oil seeds) 
Regulating (vegetables) 
VI Regulating (annual and perennial fruits) 

 
Sub-index FE
Biodiversity for animal feed 
VII Plant-based (leguminous plants, trees and creeping plants) 
VIII Energy-giving (pasture, forage and cereals) 

 
Sub-index AVA
Biodiversity to improve soils 
IX Green manures, crop residues, organic fertilisers,
inert weeds (or non-crop species), live cover for soil protection 
Species that contribute to the production of bio-fertilisers 

 
Sub-index COM
Complementary and Associated Biodiversity for non-dietary use 
XI Medicinal, stimulating and seasoning species 
XII Flowers, ornamental plants, food plants for wild birds 
XIII Timber, domestic use, energy-building 
XIV Other uses: species with spiritual values, religious uses, industrial or artisanal use 
XV Climate Change (living fences to protect against the wind) repellents and attractants, hedges, melliferous, amongst others. 

 

Source: Leyva and Lores (2012).

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