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Table 3

Key policies and legislation relevant to coastal and marine resource governance and management in False Bay. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.367.t3

Key legislationResponsible agency

National Environmental Management (NEM) Act (1998) DEAa 
NEM: EIAb regulations (2014) DEADPc or DEA 
White Paper for Sustainable Coastal Development in South Africa (2000) DEA 
NEM: Integrated Coastal Management Act (2008) and Amendments (2014) DEA (certain responsibilities delegated to Province and local authorities) 
NEM: Protected Areas Act (2004) DEA with support from SANParksd, Cape Nature, CoCTe, Overstrand Municipality 
Marine Living Resources Act (MLRA; 1998) and MLRA Amendment Act (2015) DAFFf 
Commercial Fisheries Sector Policies (2015), Small-scale Fisheries Policy (2012) and Regulations (2016) DAFF 
Land Use Planning Act (2015) DEADP 
Western Cape Coastal Zone Policy (2007) DEADP 
Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Amendment Act (2008) DMRg 
Local by-laws, e.g., CoCT Municipal Planning By-Law (2015), Stormwater Management By-Law (2005) CoCT 
CoCT Integrated Metropolitan Environmental Policy (2006) CoCT 
CoCT Integrated Coastal Management Policy (2014) CoCT 
CoCT Coastal Management Program (2015) CoCT 
Key legislationResponsible agency

National Environmental Management (NEM) Act (1998) DEAa 
NEM: EIAb regulations (2014) DEADPc or DEA 
White Paper for Sustainable Coastal Development in South Africa (2000) DEA 
NEM: Integrated Coastal Management Act (2008) and Amendments (2014) DEA (certain responsibilities delegated to Province and local authorities) 
NEM: Protected Areas Act (2004) DEA with support from SANParksd, Cape Nature, CoCTe, Overstrand Municipality 
Marine Living Resources Act (MLRA; 1998) and MLRA Amendment Act (2015) DAFFf 
Commercial Fisheries Sector Policies (2015), Small-scale Fisheries Policy (2012) and Regulations (2016) DAFF 
Land Use Planning Act (2015) DEADP 
Western Cape Coastal Zone Policy (2007) DEADP 
Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Amendment Act (2008) DMRg 
Local by-laws, e.g., CoCT Municipal Planning By-Law (2015), Stormwater Management By-Law (2005) CoCT 
CoCT Integrated Metropolitan Environmental Policy (2006) CoCT 
CoCT Integrated Coastal Management Policy (2014) CoCT 
CoCT Coastal Management Program (2015) CoCT 

a Department of Environmental Affairs.

b Environmental Impact Assessment.

c Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning.

d South African National Parks.

e City of Cape Town.

f Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

g Department of Mineral Resources.

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