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Table 3

CO2 and CH4 annual emission fluxes (integrated within the Berlin city boundary in the upper two panels; corrected according to the footprint in the two lower panels) from the global EDGAR, European CAMS-REG and local BERLIN inventory. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.411.t3

EDGAR 2015CAMS-REG 2015BERLIN 2012EDGAR 2015CAMS-REG 2015BERLIN 2012

 
Emission sector CO2 [Mt a–1]a CO2 [%]a 

 
Total 24.2 22.6 16.8 100 100 100 
(ff + bf) (22.5 + 1.7) (15.4 + 7.1) 
Fuel combustion for the generation of electricity and heat 19 17.9 13.7e 79b 79c 82e 
(17.5 + 1.5)b (12.5 + 5.4)c 
Road transport 2.4 2.5 2.7f 10 11 16f 
(2.3 + 0.1) (2.4 + 0.1) 
Others 2.8 2.2 0.4 12 10 
(2.7 + 0.1) (0.5 + 1.6) 

 
Emission sector CH4 [kt a–1CH4 [%] 

 
Total 25.7 15.4 3.4 100 100 100 
Waste 20.3d 0.1 0.1 79d 
Fuel combustion for the generation of electricity and heat 2b 5.6c 0.8e 8b 36c 24e 
Fuel exploitation 2.6 5.8 2.3 10 38 68 
Others 0.8 3.9 0.2 25 

 
Footprint corrected totalg CO2 [Mt a–1n.a. 

 
 41.9 30.6 n.a.    

 
Footprint corrected totalg CH4 [kt a–1n.a. 

 
 94.3 21.9 n.a.    
EDGAR 2015CAMS-REG 2015BERLIN 2012EDGAR 2015CAMS-REG 2015BERLIN 2012

 
Emission sector CO2 [Mt a–1]a CO2 [%]a 

 
Total 24.2 22.6 16.8 100 100 100 
(ff + bf) (22.5 + 1.7) (15.4 + 7.1) 
Fuel combustion for the generation of electricity and heat 19 17.9 13.7e 79b 79c 82e 
(17.5 + 1.5)b (12.5 + 5.4)c 
Road transport 2.4 2.5 2.7f 10 11 16f 
(2.3 + 0.1) (2.4 + 0.1) 
Others 2.8 2.2 0.4 12 10 
(2.7 + 0.1) (0.5 + 1.6) 

 
Emission sector CH4 [kt a–1CH4 [%] 

 
Total 25.7 15.4 3.4 100 100 100 
Waste 20.3d 0.1 0.1 79d 
Fuel combustion for the generation of electricity and heat 2b 5.6c 0.8e 8b 36c 24e 
Fuel exploitation 2.6 5.8 2.3 10 38 68 
Others 0.8 3.9 0.2 25 

 
Footprint corrected totalg CO2 [Mt a–1n.a. 

 
 41.9 30.6 n.a.    

 
Footprint corrected totalg CH4 [kt a–1n.a. 

 
 94.3 21.9 n.a.    

a The first column lists the emission fluxes for different emission sectors in Mt or kt per year [a–1], the second column shows the relative share in percent. CO2 is split into contributions from fossil fuel and biofuel when possible and indicated by parentheses (ff + bf).

b–f The EDGAR sector definitions follow the IPCC 1996 code, while CAMS-REG and BERLIN are sectored according to the SNAP (Selected Nomenclature for Air Pollution) categories.

b Sum of sector energy for buildings, combustion for manufacturing, and power industry.

c Sum of sector SNAP 1 (combustion in energy and transformation industries), SNAP 2 (non-industrial combustion plants) and SNAP 34 (emissions which cannot be clearly attributed to SNAP 3 (combustion in manufacturing industry) or SNAP 4 (production processes)).

d Sum of sector solid waste incineration, solid waste landfills, and waste water treatment.

e Sum of SNAP 1, SNAP 2, SNAP 3, SNAP 4, SNAP 34, and extra category of heating.

f Sum of minor roads and major roads. Emissions for minor roads were estimated based on NOX emissions from the same inventory using the constant emission ratio for major roads (CO2/NOx factor of 355.5 ± 45.4 kg CO2/kg NOx; see Kuhlmann et al., 2019a). Emissions for major roads were compiled from earlier inventories. Therefore, road transport emissions might slightly differ from Berlins official numbers.

g The footprint corrected total emissions for CO2 and CH4 are given for the EDGAR and CAMS-REG inventory (for details see Figure 7 and corresponding text).

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