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Table 2

Characteristics of farms participating in the PNAE. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.248.t2

All farms*Non-certifiedCertifiedP-value**

 
Farm size (ha) 19.9(2.9) 25.1(4.3) 12.8(4.3) 0.036 
Age of farmer 48.5(1.8) 49.5(2.4) 47.1(2.8) 0.507 
Area in horticulture crops (ha) 0.63(0.1) 0.52(0.1) 0.78(0.1) 0.109 
Area in annual crops (ha) 3.79(1.2) 5.2(1.6) 1.8(1.9) 0.175 
Pasture area (ha) 5.1(1.3) 5.9(1.8) 3.9(2.1) 0.488 
Farmers that do not use agri-chemicals on any area in production (%)*** 32.0 13.6 56.3 0.005 
All farms*Non-certifiedCertifiedP-value**

 
Farm size (ha) 19.9(2.9) 25.1(4.3) 12.8(4.3) 0.036 
Age of farmer 48.5(1.8) 49.5(2.4) 47.1(2.8) 0.507 
Area in horticulture crops (ha) 0.63(0.1) 0.52(0.1) 0.78(0.1) 0.109 
Area in annual crops (ha) 3.79(1.2) 5.2(1.6) 1.8(1.9) 0.175 
Pasture area (ha) 5.1(1.3) 5.9(1.8) 3.9(2.1) 0.488 
Farmers that do not use agri-chemicals on any area in production (%)*** 32.0 13.6 56.3 0.005 

*Sample size was 38 farmers: 22 non-certified; 14 certified; 2 in transition (certified and in transition were combined for analysis).

**Student’s t-tests comparing non-certified and certified farms; Chi-square test for % farmers not using chemical inputs.

***All values are means (standard error), except for percent agri-chemical use.

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