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Table 3

Application of the telecoupling framework to example migratory speciesa. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.184.t3

SpeciesSystemsAgentsFlowsCausesEffects

Sending(breeding)Receiving (wintering)Spillover(stopover, other)

 
Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytschaRivers along the coast of British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon;rivers along Japan and Siberia, rivers in systems where the salmon was introduced (the Great Lakes,Patagonia, New Zealand) Pacific ocean, lakes in systems where the salmon was introduced Other systems that are affected by salmon trade Fishermen, governments, consumers, predators, fish Money, management measures, parasites, nutrients Climate, water temperature, hydropower, irrigation Disease spread, nutrient deposition, enhance commercial and indigenous fish industries 
Leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriaceaCoastlines of all continents- major ones are Carribbean, Mexico,China, Indonesia, and Africa Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans Tourism networks that extend outside of coastlines, ocean areas along migration routes Fishermen, conservation organizations, governments, fish, turtles Nutrients, management measures Need for coastal nesting conditions, beach development Promote conservation education and ecotourism, provide food for locals, control of jellyfish populations 
Blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinusNgorongora National Park and Tarangire National Park in Tanzania Maasai-Mara ecosystem and Gelai Plains in Kenya and Lake Natron in Tanzania Maswa Game Reserve and Loliondo, Lake Manyara National Park, and Manyara Ranch in Tanzania Tanzanian government, Kenyan farmers and pastoralists, poachers and hunters, and lawyers; wildebeest Diseases, seeds, money for conservation, information on management Rainfall and vegetation growth, increases in roads and farms that created bottlenecks Enhance tourism, poaching, crop raiding, control of wildfires, disease spread 
SpeciesSystemsAgentsFlowsCausesEffects

Sending(breeding)Receiving (wintering)Spillover(stopover, other)

 
Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytschaRivers along the coast of British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon;rivers along Japan and Siberia, rivers in systems where the salmon was introduced (the Great Lakes,Patagonia, New Zealand) Pacific ocean, lakes in systems where the salmon was introduced Other systems that are affected by salmon trade Fishermen, governments, consumers, predators, fish Money, management measures, parasites, nutrients Climate, water temperature, hydropower, irrigation Disease spread, nutrient deposition, enhance commercial and indigenous fish industries 
Leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriaceaCoastlines of all continents- major ones are Carribbean, Mexico,China, Indonesia, and Africa Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans Tourism networks that extend outside of coastlines, ocean areas along migration routes Fishermen, conservation organizations, governments, fish, turtles Nutrients, management measures Need for coastal nesting conditions, beach development Promote conservation education and ecotourism, provide food for locals, control of jellyfish populations 
Blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinusNgorongora National Park and Tarangire National Park in Tanzania Maasai-Mara ecosystem and Gelai Plains in Kenya and Lake Natron in Tanzania Maswa Game Reserve and Loliondo, Lake Manyara National Park, and Manyara Ranch in Tanzania Tanzanian government, Kenyan farmers and pastoralists, poachers and hunters, and lawyers; wildebeest Diseases, seeds, money for conservation, information on management Rainfall and vegetation growth, increases in roads and farms that created bottlenecks Enhance tourism, poaching, crop raiding, control of wildfires, disease spread 

aRelevant citations can be found in the text.

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