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Table 4.

Advanced Placement (AP) Biology Science Practices (The College Board, 2014), Vision and Change Core Competencies (AAAS, 2011), Vision and Change Action Items (AAAS, 2011). Practices, competencies, and action items in bold and in dark gray boxes are achieved when using Data Nuggets resources. Boxes in light gray represent content-specific objectives and may be covered using specific Data Nugget worksheets.

AP Biology Science PracticesVision and Change
Core CompetenciesAction Items
Use representations and models to communicate scientific phenomena and solve scientific problems Ability to apply the process of science. Biology is evidence based and grounded in the formal practices of observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. Introduce the scientific process to students early, and integrate it into all undergraduate biology courses. 
Use mathematics appropriately Ability to use quantitative reasoning. Biology relies on applications of quantitative analysis and mathematical modeling. Define learning goals so that they focus on teaching students the core concepts and align assessments so that they assess student understanding. 
Engage in scientific questioning to extend thinking or to guide investigations within the context of the AP course Ability to use modeling and simulation. Biology focuses on the study of complex systems. Relate abstract concepts in biology to real-world examples on a regular basis, and make biology content relevant by presenting problems in a real-life context. 
Plan and implement data collection strategies in relation to a particular scientific question Ability to tap into the interdisciplinary nature of science. Biology is an interdisciplinary science. Develop lifelong science learning competencies. 
Perform data analysis and evaluation of evidence Ability to communicate and collaborate with other disciplines. Biology is a collaborative scientific discipline. Introduce fewer concepts, but present them in greater depth. 
Work with scientific explanations and theories Ability to understand the relationship between science and society. Biology is conducted in a societal context. Stimulate the curiosity students have for learning about the natural world. 
Connect and relate knowledge across various scales, concepts, and representations in and across domains  Demonstrate both the passion scientists have for their discipline and their delight in sharing their understanding of the world with students. 
AP Biology Science PracticesVision and Change
Core CompetenciesAction Items
Use representations and models to communicate scientific phenomena and solve scientific problems Ability to apply the process of science. Biology is evidence based and grounded in the formal practices of observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. Introduce the scientific process to students early, and integrate it into all undergraduate biology courses. 
Use mathematics appropriately Ability to use quantitative reasoning. Biology relies on applications of quantitative analysis and mathematical modeling. Define learning goals so that they focus on teaching students the core concepts and align assessments so that they assess student understanding. 
Engage in scientific questioning to extend thinking or to guide investigations within the context of the AP course Ability to use modeling and simulation. Biology focuses on the study of complex systems. Relate abstract concepts in biology to real-world examples on a regular basis, and make biology content relevant by presenting problems in a real-life context. 
Plan and implement data collection strategies in relation to a particular scientific question Ability to tap into the interdisciplinary nature of science. Biology is an interdisciplinary science. Develop lifelong science learning competencies. 
Perform data analysis and evaluation of evidence Ability to communicate and collaborate with other disciplines. Biology is a collaborative scientific discipline. Introduce fewer concepts, but present them in greater depth. 
Work with scientific explanations and theories Ability to understand the relationship between science and society. Biology is conducted in a societal context. Stimulate the curiosity students have for learning about the natural world. 
Connect and relate knowledge across various scales, concepts, and representations in and across domains  Demonstrate both the passion scientists have for their discipline and their delight in sharing their understanding of the world with students. 
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