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Table 4.

The enactment process.

Stage of EnactmentProblemSolution
Understanding Inquiry Inquiry is hard; I need a plan of action. Come to a consensus on the meaning of inquiry before instruction. 
Understanding Students Cultural mismatch between student and teacher. Teachers must make time for pushback from students and persevere through the discomfort. 
Physical Positioning in the Classroom Teacher stands in front of the class. Teacher moves to the back of the room or out of the students’ line of sight. 
Give Students Ownership Students wait for the teacher to lead the discussion. Support students in discussion initiation. Ask open-ended and explorative questions. 
Guide the Discussion Teacher leads the direction and progression of the discussion. Provide follow-up and guiding questions to assist the students in sustaining the discussion. 
Anticipate Student Frustration and/or Pushback Students may begin to express frustration or become withdrawn. Teachers must make time for pushback from students and persevere through the discomfort. 
Summarize the Discussion Teachers move on to new topics without checking for understanding. Allow students to review content just discussed. 
Stage of EnactmentProblemSolution
Understanding Inquiry Inquiry is hard; I need a plan of action. Come to a consensus on the meaning of inquiry before instruction. 
Understanding Students Cultural mismatch between student and teacher. Teachers must make time for pushback from students and persevere through the discomfort. 
Physical Positioning in the Classroom Teacher stands in front of the class. Teacher moves to the back of the room or out of the students’ line of sight. 
Give Students Ownership Students wait for the teacher to lead the discussion. Support students in discussion initiation. Ask open-ended and explorative questions. 
Guide the Discussion Teacher leads the direction and progression of the discussion. Provide follow-up and guiding questions to assist the students in sustaining the discussion. 
Anticipate Student Frustration and/or Pushback Students may begin to express frustration or become withdrawn. Teachers must make time for pushback from students and persevere through the discomfort. 
Summarize the Discussion Teachers move on to new topics without checking for understanding. Allow students to review content just discussed. 
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