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Table 2.
Examples of pre-assigned budgeted management plan projects assigned in an upper-level undergraduate limnology course (the full list is available from the author).
Target Population & Management GoalaBudgetb
Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), Lake Biwa, Japan; drive to extinction 8T 6P 7$ 
Brown trout (Salmo trutta), New Zealand; expand revenue for Maoris 6T 6P 7$ 
Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius), Glen Canyon NRA, Utah, and Arizona; increase abundance 7T 7P 10$ 
European eel (Anguilla anguilla) (O), Andalusia, Spain; increase population size 7T 8P 11$ 
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) (leather strain) (O), Champagne-Ardenne region, France; sustainably expand trophy fishery 6T 7P 10$ 
Philippine duck (Anas luzonica), Mindanao, Philippines; increase population size 7T 5P 9$ 
Walleye (Sander vitreus), Lake Oahe, Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; increase fishing tourism 9T 7P 7$ 
Weed shiner (Notropis texanus), between Iowa City and Davenport Iowa; increase population size 8T 5P 8$ 
Target Population & Management GoalaBudgetb
Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), Lake Biwa, Japan; drive to extinction 8T 6P 7$ 
Brown trout (Salmo trutta), New Zealand; expand revenue for Maoris 6T 6P 7$ 
Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius), Glen Canyon NRA, Utah, and Arizona; increase abundance 7T 7P 10$ 
European eel (Anguilla anguilla) (O), Andalusia, Spain; increase population size 7T 8P 11$ 
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) (leather strain) (O), Champagne-Ardenne region, France; sustainably expand trophy fishery 6T 7P 10$ 
Philippine duck (Anas luzonica), Mindanao, Philippines; increase population size 7T 5P 9$ 
Walleye (Sander vitreus), Lake Oahe, Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; increase fishing tourism 9T 7P 7$ 
Weed shiner (Notropis texanus), between Iowa City and Davenport Iowa; increase population size 8T 5P 8$ 
a

O = ostentation penalty, indicating those species whose economic value is inflated due to cultural values, which makes some management procedures more costly; in these cases, an additional one unit of T, $, and P has been added to the cost shown.

b

Budgetary abbreviations: T = units of time; P = units of political support; $ = units of money.

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