Table 3.

Mixed-Effects Model Analyses for Beat-Specific Eye-Time Span (BETS) and First-Pass Fixation Time (FPFT): Results From Likelihood-Ratio Tests.a

BETSFPFT
Fixed effectsdfχ2p valueχ2p value
Expertise 0.046 .830 0.530 .467 
Measurementb 0.006 .937 0.571 .450 
Location 4.143 .042* 2.623 .105 
Target Symbol 4.714 .095 102.23 <.001*** 
Preceding Context 101.730 <.001*** 7.404 .007** 
Following Context 4.420 .036* 2.584 .108 
Target Symbol: Preceding Context 7.659 .022* 3.288 .193 
Target Symbol: Following Context 0.241 .887 2.038 .361 
Preceding Context: Following Context 0.318 .573 5.387 .020* 
Target Symbol: Preceding Context: Following Context 0.099 .952 0.258 .879 
BETSFPFT
Fixed effectsdfχ2p valueχ2p value
Expertise 0.046 .830 0.530 .467 
Measurementb 0.006 .937 0.571 .450 
Location 4.143 .042* 2.623 .105 
Target Symbol 4.714 .095 102.23 <.001*** 
Preceding Context 101.730 <.001*** 7.404 .007** 
Following Context 4.420 .036* 2.584 .108 
Target Symbol: Preceding Context 7.659 .022* 3.288 .193 
Target Symbol: Following Context 0.241 .887 2.038 .361 
Preceding Context: Following Context 0.318 .573 5.387 .020* 
Target Symbol: Preceding Context: Following Context 0.099 .952 0.258 .879 

* p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001

a Restricted maximum likelihood (REML) was used as the estimation method.

b The effect of measurement session was additionally examined with only those 18 participants whose data from both measurements were included (total of 622 observations; for further details for data handling, see Data Analysis section). Even then, the measurement session did not have a significant main effect nor any significant interactions with other factors.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal