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Table 3.

Summary of estimated wheat, maize, and soybean RYLs due to O3 pollution in China

CropsAreasTimeRYL (%)Data Sources
Wheat China 2015–2018 8.5–14.3 CNEMC network (Zhao et al., 2020) 
China 2014 21–39 WRF-CMAQ (Lin et al., 2018) 
China 2015 CNEMC network (Feng et al., 2019a) 
YRD 2014–2019 14.9 CNEMC network (Ren et al., 2020) 
NCP 2013–2018 17.9–38.6 CNEMC network reanalysis data (Dong et al., 2021) 
NCP 2014–2017 18.5–30.8 CNEMC network (Hu et al., 2020) 
Hebei Province 2015–2016 28–59 Rural observation (this study) 
2013–2019 16–59 
Hebei Province 2015–2016 22.8–23.4 CNEMC network (Feng et al., 2019b) 
Hebei 2000 7.3–8.0 WRF-Chem (Tang et al., 2013) 
2020 5.1–6.0 
Northwest-Shandong Plain of China 2012 12.9 Rural observation (Zhu et al., 2015) 
Maize China 2014 3–6 WRF-CMAQ (Lin et al., 2018) 
NCP 2014–2017 8.2–13.4 CNEMC network (Feng et al., 2019c) 
NCP 2013–2018 7.5–11.9 CNEMC network reanalysis data (Dong et al., 2021) 
Hebei Province 2013–2018 4–15 Rural observation (this study) 
2013–2019 2–15  
Soybean Northeast China 2013–2014 23.4–30.2 Rural observation (Zhang et al., 2017) 
Hebei Province 2013–2014 30–34 Rural observation (this work) 
2013–2019 12–46  
CropsAreasTimeRYL (%)Data Sources
Wheat China 2015–2018 8.5–14.3 CNEMC network (Zhao et al., 2020) 
China 2014 21–39 WRF-CMAQ (Lin et al., 2018) 
China 2015 CNEMC network (Feng et al., 2019a) 
YRD 2014–2019 14.9 CNEMC network (Ren et al., 2020) 
NCP 2013–2018 17.9–38.6 CNEMC network reanalysis data (Dong et al., 2021) 
NCP 2014–2017 18.5–30.8 CNEMC network (Hu et al., 2020) 
Hebei Province 2015–2016 28–59 Rural observation (this study) 
2013–2019 16–59 
Hebei Province 2015–2016 22.8–23.4 CNEMC network (Feng et al., 2019b) 
Hebei 2000 7.3–8.0 WRF-Chem (Tang et al., 2013) 
2020 5.1–6.0 
Northwest-Shandong Plain of China 2012 12.9 Rural observation (Zhu et al., 2015) 
Maize China 2014 3–6 WRF-CMAQ (Lin et al., 2018) 
NCP 2014–2017 8.2–13.4 CNEMC network (Feng et al., 2019c) 
NCP 2013–2018 7.5–11.9 CNEMC network reanalysis data (Dong et al., 2021) 
Hebei Province 2013–2018 4–15 Rural observation (this study) 
2013–2019 2–15  
Soybean Northeast China 2013–2014 23.4–30.2 Rural observation (Zhang et al., 2017) 
Hebei Province 2013–2014 30–34 Rural observation (this work) 
2013–2019 12–46  

RYL = relative yield loss; WRF-CMAQ = Weather Research and Forecasting-Community Multiscale Air Quality Modeling System.

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