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Table 7. Demographic moderators for the discrimination dataset
Moderator k/kc b/r SE dft Q(df) M(sd)/% Range 
Mean Age 70 -0.002 0.002 -1.235 0.217    26.13 (9.73) (10.02-48.75) 
% Female 71 0.0001 0.001 0.092 0.927    54.62 (17.77) (0-100) 
% Bachelors+ 33 -0.0001 0.001 -0.096 0.924    40.04 (24.40) (0-87.4) 
% Born in Western country 33 0.0001 0.001 0.053 0.958    59.67 (25.85) (0-100) 
% First generation 34 -0.001 0.001 -0.73 0.465    60.57 (29.71) (11-100) 
% Refugee 0.002 0.001 2.463 0.014    76.33 (36.10) (20-100) 
Continent 72    0.191   3.315(2)   
Europe (reference) 40 0.228/0.224 0.026 8.634       
North America 26 0.048/0.27 0.042 1.139 0.255      
Australia/New Zealand -0.085/0.143 0.075 -1.135 0.257      
Ethnicity (80+) 93          
Middle Eastern (reference) 53 0.226/0.222 0.021   10.614 32.721    
Asian/South Asian 0.038/0.258 0.073  0.630 0.523 3.792    
North African 22 -0.085/0.14 0.055  0.189 -1.531 4.773    
Somali 0.152/0.361 0.125  0.265 1.218 6.564    
Middle Eastern/North African -0.176/0.05 0.021  <.001 -8.261 32.721    
Ethnicity 133          
Middle Eastern (reference) 70 0.22/0.216 0.02   10.939 39.264    
Asian/South Asian 19 0.005/0.221 0.048  0.913 0.112 13.839    
North African 26 -0.038/0.18 0.038  0.352 -0.979 9.472    
Somali 0.158/0.361 0.125  0.250 1.268 6.278    
Other 10 -0.177/0.043 0.096  0.192 -1.846 2.24    
Muslim sample type 72    0.571   0.322(2)   
Majority Muslim country (reference) 33 0.251/0.246 0.03 8.445       
Muslim 39 -0.023/0.224 0.04 -0.567 0.571      
Moderator k/kc b/r SE dft Q(df) M(sd)/% Range 
Mean Age 70 -0.002 0.002 -1.235 0.217    26.13 (9.73) (10.02-48.75) 
% Female 71 0.0001 0.001 0.092 0.927    54.62 (17.77) (0-100) 
% Bachelors+ 33 -0.0001 0.001 -0.096 0.924    40.04 (24.40) (0-87.4) 
% Born in Western country 33 0.0001 0.001 0.053 0.958    59.67 (25.85) (0-100) 
% First generation 34 -0.001 0.001 -0.73 0.465    60.57 (29.71) (11-100) 
% Refugee 0.002 0.001 2.463 0.014    76.33 (36.10) (20-100) 
Continent 72    0.191   3.315(2)   
Europe (reference) 40 0.228/0.224 0.026 8.634       
North America 26 0.048/0.27 0.042 1.139 0.255      
Australia/New Zealand -0.085/0.143 0.075 -1.135 0.257      
Ethnicity (80+) 93          
Middle Eastern (reference) 53 0.226/0.222 0.021   10.614 32.721    
Asian/South Asian 0.038/0.258 0.073  0.630 0.523 3.792    
North African 22 -0.085/0.14 0.055  0.189 -1.531 4.773    
Somali 0.152/0.361 0.125  0.265 1.218 6.564    
Middle Eastern/North African -0.176/0.05 0.021  <.001 -8.261 32.721    
Ethnicity 133          
Middle Eastern (reference) 70 0.22/0.216 0.02   10.939 39.264    
Asian/South Asian 19 0.005/0.221 0.048  0.913 0.112 13.839    
North African 26 -0.038/0.18 0.038  0.352 -0.979 9.472    
Somali 0.158/0.361 0.125  0.250 1.268 6.278    
Other 10 -0.177/0.043 0.096  0.192 -1.846 2.24    
Muslim sample type 72    0.571   0.322(2)   
Majority Muslim country (reference) 33 0.251/0.246 0.03 8.445       
Muslim 39 -0.023/0.224 0.04 -0.567 0.571      

k = number of samples; kc = number of outcomes or correlations. Note: Random-effects models and mixed-effects models display z statistics, while robust variation estimation (RVE) models display t statistics. Z values are based upon the population mean while t statistics are based upon the sample mean. As random-effects models and mixed-effects model estimate the population means, those models use z values.

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