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Table 2A.

Aspects that participants accurately identified as similarities between the two accounts, including their frequency of appearance in participants’ responses (N = 25 participants), the code assigned to account for the similarity, and a quote that best exemplified the similarity for each.

Item 1: Compare and contrast the account of the butterfly life cycle provided by National Geographic with the account in The Very Hungry Caterpillar. How are they similar? 
% Similarity between the Two Accounts Exemplar 
56 The diet/feeding of the caterpillar “the constant eating of the caterpillar” 
56 The growth of the caterpillar “how much they have grown” 
40 The general story line (e.g., life of a caterpillar) “both were about the life of a caterpillar” 
40 The caterpillar starts as an egg “starts as an egg” 
28 The two-week duration of metamorphosis “after two weeks it becomes a butterfly” 
16 The habitat in which the action took place (e.g., on a leaf) “egg on a leaf” 
16 The emergence of the butterfly. “both talk about the butterfly coming out” 
The emergence of the caterpillar. “larva must emerge” 
The independence of the caterpillar (i.e., no parental rearing) “both showed how butterflies are not really dependent on their mother just food and themselves” 
Item 1: Compare and contrast the account of the butterfly life cycle provided by National Geographic with the account in The Very Hungry Caterpillar. How are they similar? 
% Similarity between the Two Accounts Exemplar 
56 The diet/feeding of the caterpillar “the constant eating of the caterpillar” 
56 The growth of the caterpillar “how much they have grown” 
40 The general story line (e.g., life of a caterpillar) “both were about the life of a caterpillar” 
40 The caterpillar starts as an egg “starts as an egg” 
28 The two-week duration of metamorphosis “after two weeks it becomes a butterfly” 
16 The habitat in which the action took place (e.g., on a leaf) “egg on a leaf” 
16 The emergence of the butterfly. “both talk about the butterfly coming out” 
The emergence of the caterpillar. “larva must emerge” 
The independence of the caterpillar (i.e., no parental rearing) “both showed how butterflies are not really dependent on their mother just food and themselves” 
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