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Table 1.

Global climate model details for the 54 simulations ensemble driven by RCP4.5 and RCP8.5a. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00011.t1

Model NameInstitutionResolution (Latitude × Longitude)RCPsbECS (°C)
ACCESS1.0 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) and Bureau of Meteorology Australia 1.3° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 3.8 
ACCESS1.3 1.3° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
BCC-CSM1.1 Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 2.8 
BCC-CSM1.1m 1.1° × 1.1° 4.5 8.5 2.9 
BNU-ESM Beijing Normal University 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 4.1 
CanESM2 Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 3.7 
CCSM4 U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research 0.9° × 1.3°  8.5 2.9 
CMCC-CM Centro Euro-Mediteraneo per I Cambiamenti Climatici 0.8° × 0.8° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
CMCC-CMS 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
CMCC-CESM 3.8° × 3.8°  8.5 n.a 
CNRM-CM5 Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques and Centre Européen de Recherche et Formation Avancées en Calcul Scientifique 1.4° × 1.4° 4.5 8.5 3.3 
CSIRO-Mk3.6.0 Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 4.1 
GFDL-CM3 NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5N 8.5 4.0 
GFDL-ESM2G 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 2.4 
GFDL-ESM2M 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 2.4 
GISS-E2-H (p3) NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5  2.3 
GISS-E2-R (p1&p3) 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5 (p1&p3)  2.1 
INM-CM4 Russian Institute for Numerical Mathematics 1.5° × 2.0° 4.5 8.5 2.1 
IPSL-CM5a-LR Institut Pierre Simon Laplace 1.9° × 3.8° 4.5 8.5 4.1 
IPSL-CM5a-MR 1.3° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
IPSL-CM5b-LR 1.9° × 3.8° 4.5 8.5 2.6 
MIROC-ESM-CHEM University of Tokyo, National Institute for Environmental Studies and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
MIROC-ESM 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 4.7 
MIROC5 1.4° × 1.4° 4.5N 8.5N 2.7 
MPI-ESM-LR Max Planck Institute for Meteorology 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 3.6 
MPI-ESM-MR 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
MRI-CGCM3 Meteorological Research Institute 1.1° × 1.1° 4.5N 8.5N 2.6 
MRI-ESM1 1.1° × 1.1°  8.5 n.a 
NorESM1-M Norwegian Climate Centre 1.9° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 2.8 
Model NameInstitutionResolution (Latitude × Longitude)RCPsbECS (°C)
ACCESS1.0 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) and Bureau of Meteorology Australia 1.3° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 3.8 
ACCESS1.3 1.3° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
BCC-CSM1.1 Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 2.8 
BCC-CSM1.1m 1.1° × 1.1° 4.5 8.5 2.9 
BNU-ESM Beijing Normal University 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 4.1 
CanESM2 Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 3.7 
CCSM4 U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research 0.9° × 1.3°  8.5 2.9 
CMCC-CM Centro Euro-Mediteraneo per I Cambiamenti Climatici 0.8° × 0.8° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
CMCC-CMS 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
CMCC-CESM 3.8° × 3.8°  8.5 n.a 
CNRM-CM5 Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques and Centre Européen de Recherche et Formation Avancées en Calcul Scientifique 1.4° × 1.4° 4.5 8.5 3.3 
CSIRO-Mk3.6.0 Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 4.1 
GFDL-CM3 NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5N 8.5 4.0 
GFDL-ESM2G 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 2.4 
GFDL-ESM2M 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 2.4 
GISS-E2-H (p3) NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5  2.3 
GISS-E2-R (p1&p3) 2.0° × 2.5° 4.5 (p1&p3)  2.1 
INM-CM4 Russian Institute for Numerical Mathematics 1.5° × 2.0° 4.5 8.5 2.1 
IPSL-CM5a-LR Institut Pierre Simon Laplace 1.9° × 3.8° 4.5 8.5 4.1 
IPSL-CM5a-MR 1.3° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
IPSL-CM5b-LR 1.9° × 3.8° 4.5 8.5 2.6 
MIROC-ESM-CHEM University of Tokyo, National Institute for Environmental Studies and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
MIROC-ESM 2.8° × 2.8° 4.5 8.5 4.7 
MIROC5 1.4° × 1.4° 4.5N 8.5N 2.7 
MPI-ESM-LR Max Planck Institute for Meteorology 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 3.6 
MPI-ESM-MR 1.9° × 1.9° 4.5 8.5 n.a 
MRI-CGCM3 Meteorological Research Institute 1.1° × 1.1° 4.5N 8.5N 2.6 
MRI-ESM1 1.1° × 1.1°  8.5 n.a 
NorESM1-M Norwegian Climate Centre 1.9° × 2.5° 4.5 8.5 2.8 

aTable 1 is adapted from table 9.A.1 and 9.5 in Flato et al. (2013).

bThe subset of 19 simulations selected through cluster analysis are bolded in the RCPs column. The subset of 5 simulations used to drive the NEMO model are bolded and accompanied with the “N” superscript in the RCPs column.

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