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Table 1

List of abbreviations and acronyms mentioned in this review. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.331.t1

Abbreviation or acronymDefinitionType

 
3MI Multi-viewing Multi-channel Multi-polarisation Imaging Instrument 
(A)ATSR (Advanced) along-track scanning radiometer Instrument 
AERONET Aerosol Robotic Network Observation network 
AirMSPI Airborne Multiangle Spectro Polarimetric Imager Instrument 
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer Instrument 
AOD Aerosol optical depth (=aerosol optical thickness) Geophysical term 
ASCAT Advanced Scatterometer Satellite mission 
ATLID Atmospheric Lidar Instrument 
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Instrument 
BRDF Bidirectional reflectance distribution function Geophysical term 
BPDF Bidirectional polarisation distribution function Geophysical term 
CALIOP Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarisation Instrument 
CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation Satellite mission 
CAPI Cloud and Aerosol Polarimetry Imager Instrument 
CATS Cloud/Aerosol Transport System Instrument 
CCN Cloud condensation nuclei Geophysical term 
CDOM Coloured (or chromophoric) dissolved organic matter Geophysical term 
CER Cloud droplet effective radius Geophysical term 
CFOSAT China-France Oceanography Satellite Satellite mission 
Chl-a Chlorophyll-a Chemical 
CLAW Charlson, Lovelock, Andreae, and Warren (hypothesis) Geophysical term 
CNES Centre National d’Études Spatiales Organisation 
COD Cloud optical depth Geophysical term 
COMS Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (hosting GOCI) Satellite mission 
CPR Cloud profiling radar Instrument 
DMS Dimethylsulphide Chemical 
DMSP Dimethylsulphoniopropionate Chemical 
EarthCARE Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer Satellite mission 
ESA European Space Agency Organisation 
EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites Organisation 
FAP Functional assemblage of particles Geophysical term 
GMI GPM Microwave Imager Instrument 
GOCI Geostationary Ocean Colour Imager Instrument 
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Satellite mission 
GPM Global Precipitation Measurement Satellite mission 
GRASP Generalised Retrieval of Aerosol and Surface Properties Algorithm 
HARP Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter Instrument 
HSRL High spectral resolution lidar Instrument type 
IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer Instrument 
ICARE Cloud-Aerosol-Water-Radiation Interactions Data server 
IOCCG International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group Organisation 
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Organisation 
LIDAR Light detection and ranging Instrument type 
MAN Maritime Aerosol Network Observation network 
MBL Marine boundary layer Geophysical term 
MERIS Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument 
MetOP Meteorological OPerational Satellite mission 
MISR Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer Instrument 
MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Instrument 
MSI MultiSpectral Instrument Instrument 
MSG Meteosat Second Generation Satellite mission 
MUR Multiscale Ultra-high Resolution Data set 
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration Organisation 
NIR Near-infrared Geophysical term 
NRCS Normalised radar cross section Geophysical term 
OLCI Ocean and Land Colour Instrument Instrument 
OLI Operational Land Imager Instrument 
OLS Operational Linescan System Instrument 
OPAC Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds Database 
PACE Plankton, Aerosols, Clouds, and ocean Ecosystems Satellite mission 
PAR Photosynthetically available radiation Geophysical term 
PARASOL Polarisation and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Sciences coupled with Observations from a Lidar Satellite mission 
PFT Phytoplankton functional types Geophysical term 
POC Particulate organic carbon Geophysical term 
POLAC Polarised Atmospheric Correction Algorithm 
POLDER Polarisation and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectance Instrument 
QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer Satellite mission 
RADARSAT Radar satellite Satellite mission 
RGB Red-green-blue Image term 
RSP Research Scanning Polarimeter Instrument 
SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar Instrument type 
SARAL-AltiKa French-Indian Oceanography Mission Satellite mission 
SGLI Second Generation Global Imager Instrument 
SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor Instrument 
SEM Small eddy model Model 
SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager Instrument 
SLSTR Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer Instrument 
SMAP Soil Moisture Active/Passive Satellite mission 
SMOS Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity Satellite mission 
SNAP Sentinel Application Platform Software 
SOLAS Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study Project 
SPEX Spectropolarimeter for Planetary Exploration Instrument 
SSA Single scattering albedo Geophysical term 
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Instrument 
SSS Sea surface salinity Geophysical term 
SST Sea surface temperature Geophysical term 
SRAL SAR radar altimeter Instrument 
SWIR Shortwave infrared Geophysical term 
TMI TRMM Microwave Imager Instrument 
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite mission 
TIRS Thermal Infrared Sensor Instrument 
UV Ultraviolet (radiation) Geophysical term 
VIIRS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Instrument 
VIS Visible (radiation) Geophysical term 
Windsat Windsat Polarimetric Radiometer Instrument 
Abbreviation or acronymDefinitionType

 
3MI Multi-viewing Multi-channel Multi-polarisation Imaging Instrument 
(A)ATSR (Advanced) along-track scanning radiometer Instrument 
AERONET Aerosol Robotic Network Observation network 
AirMSPI Airborne Multiangle Spectro Polarimetric Imager Instrument 
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer Instrument 
AOD Aerosol optical depth (=aerosol optical thickness) Geophysical term 
ASCAT Advanced Scatterometer Satellite mission 
ATLID Atmospheric Lidar Instrument 
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Instrument 
BRDF Bidirectional reflectance distribution function Geophysical term 
BPDF Bidirectional polarisation distribution function Geophysical term 
CALIOP Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarisation Instrument 
CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation Satellite mission 
CAPI Cloud and Aerosol Polarimetry Imager Instrument 
CATS Cloud/Aerosol Transport System Instrument 
CCN Cloud condensation nuclei Geophysical term 
CDOM Coloured (or chromophoric) dissolved organic matter Geophysical term 
CER Cloud droplet effective radius Geophysical term 
CFOSAT China-France Oceanography Satellite Satellite mission 
Chl-a Chlorophyll-a Chemical 
CLAW Charlson, Lovelock, Andreae, and Warren (hypothesis) Geophysical term 
CNES Centre National d’Études Spatiales Organisation 
COD Cloud optical depth Geophysical term 
COMS Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (hosting GOCI) Satellite mission 
CPR Cloud profiling radar Instrument 
DMS Dimethylsulphide Chemical 
DMSP Dimethylsulphoniopropionate Chemical 
EarthCARE Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer Satellite mission 
ESA European Space Agency Organisation 
EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites Organisation 
FAP Functional assemblage of particles Geophysical term 
GMI GPM Microwave Imager Instrument 
GOCI Geostationary Ocean Colour Imager Instrument 
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Satellite mission 
GPM Global Precipitation Measurement Satellite mission 
GRASP Generalised Retrieval of Aerosol and Surface Properties Algorithm 
HARP Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter Instrument 
HSRL High spectral resolution lidar Instrument type 
IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer Instrument 
ICARE Cloud-Aerosol-Water-Radiation Interactions Data server 
IOCCG International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group Organisation 
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Organisation 
LIDAR Light detection and ranging Instrument type 
MAN Maritime Aerosol Network Observation network 
MBL Marine boundary layer Geophysical term 
MERIS Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument 
MetOP Meteorological OPerational Satellite mission 
MISR Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer Instrument 
MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Instrument 
MSI MultiSpectral Instrument Instrument 
MSG Meteosat Second Generation Satellite mission 
MUR Multiscale Ultra-high Resolution Data set 
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration Organisation 
NIR Near-infrared Geophysical term 
NRCS Normalised radar cross section Geophysical term 
OLCI Ocean and Land Colour Instrument Instrument 
OLI Operational Land Imager Instrument 
OLS Operational Linescan System Instrument 
OPAC Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds Database 
PACE Plankton, Aerosols, Clouds, and ocean Ecosystems Satellite mission 
PAR Photosynthetically available radiation Geophysical term 
PARASOL Polarisation and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Sciences coupled with Observations from a Lidar Satellite mission 
PFT Phytoplankton functional types Geophysical term 
POC Particulate organic carbon Geophysical term 
POLAC Polarised Atmospheric Correction Algorithm 
POLDER Polarisation and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectance Instrument 
QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer Satellite mission 
RADARSAT Radar satellite Satellite mission 
RGB Red-green-blue Image term 
RSP Research Scanning Polarimeter Instrument 
SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar Instrument type 
SARAL-AltiKa French-Indian Oceanography Mission Satellite mission 
SGLI Second Generation Global Imager Instrument 
SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor Instrument 
SEM Small eddy model Model 
SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager Instrument 
SLSTR Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer Instrument 
SMAP Soil Moisture Active/Passive Satellite mission 
SMOS Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity Satellite mission 
SNAP Sentinel Application Platform Software 
SOLAS Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study Project 
SPEX Spectropolarimeter for Planetary Exploration Instrument 
SSA Single scattering albedo Geophysical term 
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Instrument 
SSS Sea surface salinity Geophysical term 
SST Sea surface temperature Geophysical term 
SRAL SAR radar altimeter Instrument 
SWIR Shortwave infrared Geophysical term 
TMI TRMM Microwave Imager Instrument 
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite mission 
TIRS Thermal Infrared Sensor Instrument 
UV Ultraviolet (radiation) Geophysical term 
VIIRS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Instrument 
VIS Visible (radiation) Geophysical term 
Windsat Windsat Polarimetric Radiometer Instrument 
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