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Table 1

Logistic regression analysis outputs using Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) – population average model adjusting standard error. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.143.t1

Explanatory variablesAdult Hypertension

Adjusted ORCI

 
Socio-Ecological Systems 

 
Sundarban Dependent Ref  
Charland-Riverine 0.77 (0.50–1.19) 
Marine & Coastal Periphery 1.16 (0.76–1.77) 
Irrigated Agriculture [Boro] 1.53* (1.03–2.29) 
Rain Fed Agriculture [Aman] 1.00 (0.67–1.51) 
Saltwater Shrimp [Bagda] 0.66 (0.43–1.03) 
Freshwater Prawn [Golda] 0.61* (0.41–0.92) 
Sex 

 
Male Ref  
Female 1.31*** (1.11–1.56) 
Age Group 

 
Below 35 years Ref  
35 yrs and Older 2.41*** (2.01–2.88) 
Educational Level 

 
No Education Ref  
Primary Incomplete 0.86 (0.69–1.08) 
Primary Complete 0.90 (0.69–1.18) 
Secondary Incomplete 0.74* (0.57–0.96) 
Secondary Complete & Higher 1.07 (0.77–1.48) 
Occupation 

 
Agriculture Ref  
Aquaculture 1.24 (0.98–1.59) 
Inland/Offshore Fishing 1.27* (1.01–1.60) 
Forest Collection/Livestock/Poultry/ 1.22 (0.95–1.57) 
Unskilled Labour 1.01 (0.82–1.23) 
Businessman 1.06 (0.84–1.36) 
Professional/Skilled Worker-Mechanic 1.80** (1.25–2.60) 
Others 1.35* (1.04–1.75) 
Religion 

 
Muslim Ref  
Non-Muslim 0.78* (0.63–0.97) 
Landownership 

 
Landless (< = 0.01 Acres) Ref  
Homestead (<0.5 Acres) 1.21 (0.94–1.54) 
Small Land (> = 0.5 to < = 2.5 Acres) 1.37* (1.04–1.81) 
Large land (>2.5 Acres) 1.61* (1.13–2.31) 
Household Dietary Diversity Score 

 
Ate 1–3 food groups Ref  
Ate 4–6 food groups 0.74 (0.53–1.03) 
Ate 7–12 food groups 0.72 (0.52–1.01) 
Drinking water salinity level 

 
Fresh Water (<1000 mg/L) Ref  
Slightly Saline (1000–2000 mg/L) 1.17 (0.97–1.42) 
Moderate Saline (> = 2000 mg/L) 1.42* (1.05–1.91) 
Depth of tube-well 

 
Shallow tube-well (< = 500 ft) Ref  
Deep tube-well (>500 ft) 0.74* (0.56–0.98) 
Explanatory variablesAdult Hypertension

Adjusted ORCI

 
Socio-Ecological Systems 

 
Sundarban Dependent Ref  
Charland-Riverine 0.77 (0.50–1.19) 
Marine & Coastal Periphery 1.16 (0.76–1.77) 
Irrigated Agriculture [Boro] 1.53* (1.03–2.29) 
Rain Fed Agriculture [Aman] 1.00 (0.67–1.51) 
Saltwater Shrimp [Bagda] 0.66 (0.43–1.03) 
Freshwater Prawn [Golda] 0.61* (0.41–0.92) 
Sex 

 
Male Ref  
Female 1.31*** (1.11–1.56) 
Age Group 

 
Below 35 years Ref  
35 yrs and Older 2.41*** (2.01–2.88) 
Educational Level 

 
No Education Ref  
Primary Incomplete 0.86 (0.69–1.08) 
Primary Complete 0.90 (0.69–1.18) 
Secondary Incomplete 0.74* (0.57–0.96) 
Secondary Complete & Higher 1.07 (0.77–1.48) 
Occupation 

 
Agriculture Ref  
Aquaculture 1.24 (0.98–1.59) 
Inland/Offshore Fishing 1.27* (1.01–1.60) 
Forest Collection/Livestock/Poultry/ 1.22 (0.95–1.57) 
Unskilled Labour 1.01 (0.82–1.23) 
Businessman 1.06 (0.84–1.36) 
Professional/Skilled Worker-Mechanic 1.80** (1.25–2.60) 
Others 1.35* (1.04–1.75) 
Religion 

 
Muslim Ref  
Non-Muslim 0.78* (0.63–0.97) 
Landownership 

 
Landless (< = 0.01 Acres) Ref  
Homestead (<0.5 Acres) 1.21 (0.94–1.54) 
Small Land (> = 0.5 to < = 2.5 Acres) 1.37* (1.04–1.81) 
Large land (>2.5 Acres) 1.61* (1.13–2.31) 
Household Dietary Diversity Score 

 
Ate 1–3 food groups Ref  
Ate 4–6 food groups 0.74 (0.53–1.03) 
Ate 7–12 food groups 0.72 (0.52–1.01) 
Drinking water salinity level 

 
Fresh Water (<1000 mg/L) Ref  
Slightly Saline (1000–2000 mg/L) 1.17 (0.97–1.42) 
Moderate Saline (> = 2000 mg/L) 1.42* (1.05–1.91) 
Depth of tube-well 

 
Shallow tube-well (< = 500 ft) Ref  
Deep tube-well (>500 ft) 0.74* (0.56–0.98) 

p < 0.1, *P < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001; CI: 95% Confidence Intervals of Odd Ratios (OR), N = 6172. (Ref: Reference category).

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