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Table 7

Fixed Effects for Multi-Level Models: Predicting Self-Reported Sociable Behavior by Extraversion, Situation, and Interaction Variables (Study 2; Perspective 1 & 4).

SituationVariablebSE95% CIp

 
Low-effort vs. High-effort Intercept 5.65 .05 [5.55, 5.74] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .15 .05 [.05, .25] .005 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.05, .05] .952 
Partner Extraversion (b) .06 .12 [–.18, .30] .618 
Situation (w) .25 .03 [.18, .31] <.001 
Situation (b) .50 .28 [–.01, 1.05] .077 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) .09 .04 [.02, .16] .014 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) .09 .04 [.01, .17] .034 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .01 .02 [–.04, .06] .734 

 
Sociality Intercept 5.64 .05 [5.54, 5.73] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .16 .05 [.06, .26] .002 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.04, .03] .984 
Partner Extraversion (b) .12 .12 [–.11, .34] .315 
Situation (w) .11 .02 [.08, .15] <.001 
Situation (b) .27 .21 [–.12, .68] .186 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) .04 .02 [.00, .08] .031 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) .05 .02 [.01, .08] .017 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.03, .04] .789 

 
Duty Intercept 5.64 .05 [5.54, 5.73] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .15 .05 [.06, .25] .003 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.03, .04] .901 
Partner Extraversion (b) .10 .12 [–.13, .33] .394 
Situation (w) –.06 .01 [–.08, –04] <.001 
Situation (b) –.12 .11 [–.34, .09] .268 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) –.03 .01 [–.05, –.01] .003 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) –.02 .01 [–.04, .00] .069 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .01 .02 [–.03, .04] .638 

 
Positivity vs. Negativity Intercept 5.64 .05 [5.54, 5.73] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .15 .05 [.05, .25] .003 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.03, .04] .952 
Partner Extraversion (b) .09 .12 [–.15, .32] .469 
Situation (w) .12 .02 [.08, .15] <.001 
Situation (b) .24 .19 [–.13, .60] .210 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) .05 .02 [.01, .08] .007 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) .04 .02 [.01, .08] .023 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .01 .02 [–.03, .04] .709 
SituationVariablebSE95% CIp

 
Low-effort vs. High-effort Intercept 5.65 .05 [5.55, 5.74] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .15 .05 [.05, .25] .005 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.05, .05] .952 
Partner Extraversion (b) .06 .12 [–.18, .30] .618 
Situation (w) .25 .03 [.18, .31] <.001 
Situation (b) .50 .28 [–.01, 1.05] .077 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) .09 .04 [.02, .16] .014 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) .09 .04 [.01, .17] .034 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .01 .02 [–.04, .06] .734 

 
Sociality Intercept 5.64 .05 [5.54, 5.73] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .16 .05 [.06, .26] .002 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.04, .03] .984 
Partner Extraversion (b) .12 .12 [–.11, .34] .315 
Situation (w) .11 .02 [.08, .15] <.001 
Situation (b) .27 .21 [–.12, .68] .186 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) .04 .02 [.00, .08] .031 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) .05 .02 [.01, .08] .017 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.03, .04] .789 

 
Duty Intercept 5.64 .05 [5.54, 5.73] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .15 .05 [.06, .25] .003 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.03, .04] .901 
Partner Extraversion (b) .10 .12 [–.13, .33] .394 
Situation (w) –.06 .01 [–.08, –04] <.001 
Situation (b) –.12 .11 [–.34, .09] .268 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) –.03 .01 [–.05, –.01] .003 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) –.02 .01 [–.04, .00] .069 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .01 .02 [–.03, .04] .638 

 
Positivity vs. Negativity Intercept 5.64 .05 [5.54, 5.73] <.001 
Actor Extraversion (b) .15 .05 [.05, .25] .003 
Partner Extraversion (w) .00 .02 [–.03, .04] .952 
Partner Extraversion (b) .09 .12 [–.15, .32] .469 
Situation (w) .12 .02 [.08, .15] <.001 
Situation (b) .24 .19 [–.13, .60] .210 
Situation (w) × Actor Extraversion (b) .05 .02 [.01, .08] .007 
Situation (w) × Partner Extraversion (w) .04 .02 [.01, .08] .023 
Actor Extraversion (b) × Partner Extraversion (w) .01 .02 [–.03, .04] .709 

Note: Model containing situational categories (Low-effort = 1; High-effort = 0): N = 121, number of observations = 4,049. Models containing situational dimensions: N = 122, number of observations = 6,572, scale 1 to 7. All situational dimensions rated by observers based on ESM categories. (w) = within-person. (b) = between-person. Self-reported sociable behavior (DV, within-person), scale 1 to 7. Actor extraversion = standardized trait extraversion rated by self and informants. Partner extraversion = mean extraversion of involved interaction partners for each interaction, rated by self and informants. b = unstandardized regression coefficient. SE = standard error. 95% CI = lower and upper bound of 95% confidence interval.

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