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Table 4. Summary of indirect effects and conditional indirect effects of validity presentation for Study 1.
Paths Estimate SE 95% C.I. 
DV = Admission Test Endorsement 
Indirect Effect 0.15 0.03 [0.10, 0.20] 
Conditional Indirect Effects    
-1 SD SES 0.17 0.03 [0.11, 0.24] 
Mean SES 0.15 0.03 [0.10, 0.21] 
+1 SD SES 0.13 0.03 [0.08, 0.20] 
Index of Moderated Mediation -0.01 -0.01 [-0.03, 0.01] 
DV = Test-Optional Policy Endorsement 
Indirect Effect -0.12 0.04 [-0.20, -0.04] 
Conditional Indirect Effects    
-1 SD SES -0.01 0.05 [-0.12, 0.08] 
Mean SES -0.11 0.04 [-0.20, -0.04] 
+1 SD SES -0.21 0.07 [-0.34, -0.09] 
Index of Moderated Mediation -0.05 0.02 [-0.09, -0.01] 
Paths Estimate SE 95% C.I. 
DV = Admission Test Endorsement 
Indirect Effect 0.15 0.03 [0.10, 0.20] 
Conditional Indirect Effects    
-1 SD SES 0.17 0.03 [0.11, 0.24] 
Mean SES 0.15 0.03 [0.10, 0.21] 
+1 SD SES 0.13 0.03 [0.08, 0.20] 
Index of Moderated Mediation -0.01 -0.01 [-0.03, 0.01] 
DV = Test-Optional Policy Endorsement 
Indirect Effect -0.12 0.04 [-0.20, -0.04] 
Conditional Indirect Effects    
-1 SD SES -0.01 0.05 [-0.12, 0.08] 
Mean SES -0.11 0.04 [-0.20, -0.04] 
+1 SD SES -0.21 0.07 [-0.34, -0.09] 
Index of Moderated Mediation -0.05 0.02 [-0.09, -0.01] 

Notes. IV = Validity Presentation Condition (0 = Traditional, 1 = Alternative). Mediator = Perceived Test Validity. C.I. = confidence interval.

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