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Table 2. Factor loadings of the dependent variable items.
    Factor 
Item 
1* There is a strong association between ACT scores and college GPA 0.803   
2* The ACT is an accurate tool for predicting college GPA 0.863   
3* The ACT score is a strong predictor of college GPA 0.892   
Students who perform well on the ACT tend to do better in college 0.706   
5* I believe the ACT should be used for college admissions  0.837  
I think the ACT should not be so important in college admissions (-)  -0.776  
ACT scores provide very useful information about an applicant  0.713  
Schools should stop using the ACT to evaluate applicants (-)  -0.737  
9* ACT scores should be an important factor when deciding whether an applicant is admitted to college  0.766  
10* I feel satisfied knowing that the ACT is used in college admissions  0.864  
11 I endorse the "test-optional" policy   0.935 
12 The "test-optional” policy is a good idea   0.931 
13 The "test-optional" policy should be adopted at more universities   0.944 
14 The "test-optional" policy is fair   0.848 
15 If a university or college has a 'test optional' policy, how would this affect your general attitude toward this university?   0.816 
16 If a university or college has a 'test-optional' policy, how would this affect your likelihood of encouraging your family or friends to apply to this university?    0.728 
    Factor 
Item 
1* There is a strong association between ACT scores and college GPA 0.803   
2* The ACT is an accurate tool for predicting college GPA 0.863   
3* The ACT score is a strong predictor of college GPA 0.892   
Students who perform well on the ACT tend to do better in college 0.706   
5* I believe the ACT should be used for college admissions  0.837  
I think the ACT should not be so important in college admissions (-)  -0.776  
ACT scores provide very useful information about an applicant  0.713  
Schools should stop using the ACT to evaluate applicants (-)  -0.737  
9* ACT scores should be an important factor when deciding whether an applicant is admitted to college  0.766  
10* I feel satisfied knowing that the ACT is used in college admissions  0.864  
11 I endorse the "test-optional" policy   0.935 
12 The "test-optional” policy is a good idea   0.931 
13 The "test-optional" policy should be adopted at more universities   0.944 
14 The "test-optional" policy is fair   0.848 
15 If a university or college has a 'test optional' policy, how would this affect your general attitude toward this university?   0.816 
16 If a university or college has a 'test-optional' policy, how would this affect your likelihood of encouraging your family or friends to apply to this university?    0.728 

Notes. * denotes the items used in the shortened version of the scales used in Study 2. (-) denotes the negatively worded item.

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