Skip to Main Content
Table 1

Parameters pertaining to physical sampling conducted at each station. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.412.t1

ParameterStation

911161825343638

 
Sample date (2018) 03 June 04 June 06 June 08 June 13 June 21 June 22 June 23 June 
Sample time (local EST, UTC-6) 09:03:57 13:19:37 10:59:58 13:20:43 08:34:39 12:32:51 08:24:38 10:46:07 
Air temperature (°C) –0.6 1.5 –0.6 3.2 1.7 5.8 1.5 6.8 
Average snow depth (cm) 20 24 10 
Mid-profile snow temperature (°C) –2 –0.7 –0.5 0.4 
Snow grain size (mm) N/Aa N/A 
Liquid present in snow matrix Yes, slush at snow/ice interface, top 10 cm dry Yes, slush at snow/ice interface, top 18 cm wet No Yes No Yes Yes Yes 
Cloud cover (%) 90 100 50 90 10 
Melt pond state within SBR FOV No ponds No ponds No ponds No liquid, 1-mm ice layer over 5-cm air pocket Liquid pond covered with ≥2 cm of ice Liquid, sediment-laden Liquid pond covered with 0.5 cm of ice Liquid pond covered with ~1 cm of ice 
ParameterStation

911161825343638

 
Sample date (2018) 03 June 04 June 06 June 08 June 13 June 21 June 22 June 23 June 
Sample time (local EST, UTC-6) 09:03:57 13:19:37 10:59:58 13:20:43 08:34:39 12:32:51 08:24:38 10:46:07 
Air temperature (°C) –0.6 1.5 –0.6 3.2 1.7 5.8 1.5 6.8 
Average snow depth (cm) 20 24 10 
Mid-profile snow temperature (°C) –2 –0.7 –0.5 0.4 
Snow grain size (mm) N/Aa N/A 
Liquid present in snow matrix Yes, slush at snow/ice interface, top 10 cm dry Yes, slush at snow/ice interface, top 18 cm wet No Yes No Yes Yes Yes 
Cloud cover (%) 90 100 50 90 10 
Melt pond state within SBR FOV No ponds No ponds No ponds No liquid, 1-mm ice layer over 5-cm air pocket Liquid pond covered with ≥2 cm of ice Liquid, sediment-laden Liquid pond covered with 0.5 cm of ice Liquid pond covered with ~1 cm of ice 

a Not available.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal