Skip to Main Content
Table 1.

Published observations of Pseudo-nitzschia australis and Karenia mikimotoi, including peer-reviewed sources and professional reports where latitude–longitude locations can be determined to the nearest 10th degree, excluding the recent appearances in the Gulf of Maine. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2020.00056.t1

LatitudeLongitudeReference
Pseudo-nitzschia australis 
–43.0 –64.0 Almandoz et al. (2017)  
–27.1 –70.9 Alvarez et al. (2009)  
–30.3 –71.5 Alvarez et al. (2009)  
34.2 –119.9 Andersen et al. (2006)  
44.7 –1.2 Ayache et al. (2019)  
40.7 –8.8 Churro et al. (2009)  
32.9 –8.9 Ennaffah et al. (2012)  
32.8 –9.0 Ennaffah et al. (2012)  
48.5 –123.0 Hasle and Lundholm (2005)  
42.4 –8.8 Hasle and Lundholm (2005)  
–34.2 18.2 Hasle and Lundholm (2005)  
24.8 –112.7 Hernández-Becerril (1998)  
25.7 –113.3 Hernández-Becerril (1998)  
47.7 –124.4 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
46.6 –126.1 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
46.8 –124.1 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
47.2 –124.2 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
48.3 –124.7 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
43.6 –3.1 Orive et al. (2013)  
19.1 –104.4 Rivera-Vilarelle et al. (2013)  
30.7 –116.6 Santiago-Morales and García-Mendoza (2011)  
43.4 –8.3 Zapata et al. (2011)  
42.4 –8.8 Zapata et al. (2011)  
42.2 –8.8 Zapata et al. (2011)  
42.8 –9.0 Zapata et al. (2011)  
Karenia mikimotoi 
–38.2 144.8 Andersen (2011)  
19.0 –91.8 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
18.9 –105.0 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
17.1 –100.3 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
15.9 –95.1 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
34.3 136.7 Faust and Gulledge (2002)  
50.4 –4.1 Garces et al. (2006)  
56.9 11.5 Hällfors (2004)  
54.9 14.1 Hällfors (2004)  
33.4 135.8 Haywood et al. (2004)  
–37.0 175.3 Haywood et al. (2004)  
50.4 –4.1 Haywood et al. (2004)  
–37.9 144.9 Haywood et al. (2004)  
59.5 10.5 Haywood et al. (2004)  
34.0 131.8 Haywood et al. (2004)  
27.6 –97.1 Henrichs et al. (2013)  
47.0 –2.2 Hernández Fariñas et al. (2017)  
34.5 128.0 Jeong et al. (2017)  
54.2 7.9 Kraberg et al. (2019)  
26.3 119.9 Luo et al. (2018)  
25.6 119.7 Luo et al. (2018)  
27.3 –82.6 Mikulski et al. (2005)  
33.6 131.3 Mikulski et al. (2005)  
22.5 114.4 Qi et al. (2004)  
22.3 113.6 Qi et al. (2004)  
22.6 114.5 Qi et al. (2004)  
22.6 115.0 Qi et al. (2004)  
–34.7 172.9 Rhodes and Smith (2018)  
43.0 131.9 Shevchenko et al. (2019)  
33.0 131.9 Yuasa et al. (2018)  
LatitudeLongitudeReference
Pseudo-nitzschia australis 
–43.0 –64.0 Almandoz et al. (2017)  
–27.1 –70.9 Alvarez et al. (2009)  
–30.3 –71.5 Alvarez et al. (2009)  
34.2 –119.9 Andersen et al. (2006)  
44.7 –1.2 Ayache et al. (2019)  
40.7 –8.8 Churro et al. (2009)  
32.9 –8.9 Ennaffah et al. (2012)  
32.8 –9.0 Ennaffah et al. (2012)  
48.5 –123.0 Hasle and Lundholm (2005)  
42.4 –8.8 Hasle and Lundholm (2005)  
–34.2 18.2 Hasle and Lundholm (2005)  
24.8 –112.7 Hernández-Becerril (1998)  
25.7 –113.3 Hernández-Becerril (1998)  
47.7 –124.4 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
46.6 –126.1 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
46.8 –124.1 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
47.2 –124.2 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
48.3 –124.7 Holtermann et al. (2010)  
43.6 –3.1 Orive et al. (2013)  
19.1 –104.4 Rivera-Vilarelle et al. (2013)  
30.7 –116.6 Santiago-Morales and García-Mendoza (2011)  
43.4 –8.3 Zapata et al. (2011)  
42.4 –8.8 Zapata et al. (2011)  
42.2 –8.8 Zapata et al. (2011)  
42.8 –9.0 Zapata et al. (2011)  
Karenia mikimotoi 
–38.2 144.8 Andersen (2011)  
19.0 –91.8 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
18.9 –105.0 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
17.1 –100.3 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
15.9 –95.1 Escobar-Morales and Hernández-Becerril (2015)  
34.3 136.7 Faust and Gulledge (2002)  
50.4 –4.1 Garces et al. (2006)  
56.9 11.5 Hällfors (2004)  
54.9 14.1 Hällfors (2004)  
33.4 135.8 Haywood et al. (2004)  
–37.0 175.3 Haywood et al. (2004)  
50.4 –4.1 Haywood et al. (2004)  
–37.9 144.9 Haywood et al. (2004)  
59.5 10.5 Haywood et al. (2004)  
34.0 131.8 Haywood et al. (2004)  
27.6 –97.1 Henrichs et al. (2013)  
47.0 –2.2 Hernández Fariñas et al. (2017)  
34.5 128.0 Jeong et al. (2017)  
54.2 7.9 Kraberg et al. (2019)  
26.3 119.9 Luo et al. (2018)  
25.6 119.7 Luo et al. (2018)  
27.3 –82.6 Mikulski et al. (2005)  
33.6 131.3 Mikulski et al. (2005)  
22.5 114.4 Qi et al. (2004)  
22.3 113.6 Qi et al. (2004)  
22.6 114.5 Qi et al. (2004)  
22.6 115.0 Qi et al. (2004)  
–34.7 172.9 Rhodes and Smith (2018)  
43.0 131.9 Shevchenko et al. (2019)  
33.0 131.9 Yuasa et al. (2018)  
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal