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Table 1.

Common fishes in Wisconsin and Minnesota that may or may not be target (legal) baitfish. Note that there are differences in species that can be used as bait between the two states, and this is not an exhaustive list of species that are nontarget baitfish.

Fish Species or GroupWisconsinMinnesota
Target Baitfish?Invasive Species?Target Baitfish?Invasive Species?
Species in Cyprinidaea Yes No Yes No 
Suckers Yes No Yes No 
Mudminnow Yes No Yes No 
Madtom Yes No Yes No 
Stonecat Yes No Yes No 
Killifish Yes No No No 
Topminnow Yes No No No 
Silverside Yes No No No 
Sticklebacks Yes No No No 
Trout-perch Yes No No No 
Darters Yes No No No 
Sculpins Yes No No No 
Bullhead No No Yes No 
Cisco No No Yes No 
Lake Whitefish No No Yes No 
Mooneyes No No Yes No 
Goldeyes No No Yes No 
Goldfish No Yes No Yes 
Common Carp No Yes No Yes 
Round Goby No Yes No Yes 
Largemouth Bass No No No No 
Northern Pike No No No No 
Brook Trout No No No No 
Channel Catfish No No No No 
Fish Species or GroupWisconsinMinnesota
Target Baitfish?Invasive Species?Target Baitfish?Invasive Species?
Species in Cyprinidaea Yes No Yes No 
Suckers Yes No Yes No 
Mudminnow Yes No Yes No 
Madtom Yes No Yes No 
Stonecat Yes No Yes No 
Killifish Yes No No No 
Topminnow Yes No No No 
Silverside Yes No No No 
Sticklebacks Yes No No No 
Trout-perch Yes No No No 
Darters Yes No No No 
Sculpins Yes No No No 
Bullhead No No Yes No 
Cisco No No Yes No 
Lake Whitefish No No Yes No 
Mooneyes No No Yes No 
Goldeyes No No Yes No 
Goldfish No Yes No Yes 
Common Carp No Yes No Yes 
Round Goby No Yes No Yes 
Largemouth Bass No No No No 
Northern Pike No No No No 
Brook Trout No No No No 
Channel Catfish No No No No 

a Not all species in the family Cyprinidae are target baitfish. Goldfish and common carp are in Cyprinidae but are illegal to use as bait and are invasive.

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