In early September of 1863, Alfred Sully’s command engaged a Dakota encampment at Whitestone Hill in southeastern North Dakota, and the U.S. Army killed 150 to 300 Native men, women and children. In the first decade of the twentieth century, North Dakota Congressman Thomas Marshall and the Grand Army of the Republic erected a Civil War “battlefield” monument at Whitestone Hill. The term “battlefield” reflects the political interpretation of an elite minority, and it has persistently shirked and slighted Whitestone Hill’s multivocal majority.
Imagining a Battlefield at a Civil War Mistake: The Public History of Whitestone Hill, 1863 to 2013
Aaron Barth is a practicing historian, archaeologist and currently a PhD candidate of history at North Dakota State University, Fargo. Involved in cultural resource management since 2002, Barth has professional experience on the northern Great Plains and in the eastern Mediterranean. He is also vice chair and a board member of the North Dakota Humanities Council, and regularly blogs at www.theedgeofthevillage.com.
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Aaron L. Barth; Imagining a Battlefield at a Civil War Mistake: The Public History of Whitestone Hill, 1863 to 2013. The Public Historian 1 August 2013; 35 (3): 72–97. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/tph.2013.35.3.72
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