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Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2020; 1022158–192 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2020.102.2.158
Published: 07 May 2020
... arrived in 1966 with the election of Jerry Enomoto as the JACL s national president and David Miura as the national vice president. Enomoto was the first Asian American prison warden and eventually the first Asian American U.S. Marshal. His experiences in the California prison system underscored for him...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2019; 1013285–316 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2019.101.3.285
Published: 01 August 2019
..., pay, and unsafe work conditions, along with the strike leadership, management’s response, and the outcome of the strike. © 2019 by The Historical Society of Southern California 2019 Japanese incarceree strikes labor activism in prison camps Santa Anita Assembly Center camouflage nets in...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2019; 101179–113 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2019.101.1.79
Published: 01 February 2019
... sabotage and organized fifth column Japanese activities, Olson clearly stated that [t]o lose the benefit of this Japanese labor in agri- cultural production would be a serious loss to our war economy. 28 While California s location on the Pacific Coast made it vulnerable to the Japanese Empire, the...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2017; 993329–367 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2017.99.3.329
Published: 01 August 2017
... had been reelected for a third term50 two new appointees to the board. When the new charter went into effect on July 1, 1925, Cryer appointed two allies, John S. Horn, secretary of the Central Labor Council, and A. W. L. Dunn, of Dunn & Co., pro- duce merchants to the expanded board.51 On August 20...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2017; 992184–226 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2017.99.2.184
Published: 01 May 2017
... roadway to the terrain they found along the right-of-way, avoid- ing the need for new surveys or contract revisions.27 The force account system had been used by William Mulholland throughout the construction of the Los Angeles Aqueduct, where it was concluded that The advantage of doing work by day labor...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2017; 9915–45 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2017.99.1.5
Published: 01 February 2017
... IN KERN COUNTY 11 of Bakersfield had the highest per capita death rate among the state s ten largest cities. The county also grappled with labor unrest. In 1914, oil-field workers in western Kern County, organized by the Industrial Workers of the World, initiated the first strike against the Standard...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2016; 983297–320 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ucpsocal.2016.98.3.297
Published: 01 August 2016
... Kaufering IV Hurlach and Landsburg were two of the 169 subordinate slave labor camps where the Nisei regiment liber- ated some 3,000 prisoners. One of the Jewish prisoners with whom some members of the 522nd interacted was Larry Lubetski. In 1945 when Sus Ito met him, Larry Lubetski was still a teenager...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2015; 974399–417 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ucpsocal.2015.97.4.399
Published: 01 November 2015
... was never uncontested. With the advent of economic hard times in the 1870s, the onset of competition with eastern products brought by the com- pletion of the Central Pacific Railroad, and the rise of the Irish-led labor movement, their presence was increasingly resented. This move- ment led to...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2015; 974317–361 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ucpsocal.2015.97.4.317
Published: 01 November 2015
... sacred duty. 34 Of course, it did no harm that broadening the base of art lovers might increase the number of picture buyers. Art boosters labored tirelessly to expand art s audience to include those who had never before imagined it as part of their lives. Their efforts 32. Perry Miller, The Romantic...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2013; 954411–430 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2013.95.4.411
Published: 01 November 2013
... 364; population, 190; railroads in, 141 142, 165 166; real estate development, 193 196, 200 202, 205, 214; sea voyage to, 24 41, 389 390; Spanish period, 369; State Federation of Labor, 296; statehood, 379; Teachers Association, 296; US acquisition, 142, 355 367, 370. See also California gold rush...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2012; 942161–192 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2012.94.2.161
Published: 13 June 2012
... laborers was about one dollar. Those contributing that amount made a significant sacrifice. The list distinguished between the Spanish-surnamed donors by nationality and race. There were sixty-nine women born in Mexico, twenty-five from California, nine Indian women, five female children, one Chilean, and...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2011; 93441328546 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41328546
Published: 01 December 2011
...-American Council, 473 Afro-American League, 459, 462, 473, 491 agriculture, 69, 77-78, 79, 80, 86, 88, 90, 106-107, 4IQ, 412, 4!4-4!5, 4J7, 421, 444-445, 448, 453, 494, 495; acreage under cultivation, 415, 453; agribusiness, 69, 80, 86, 415; carloads of produce, 415; Chinese laborers, 410, 412, 414, 444...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2010; 92441172552 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172552
Published: 01 December 2010
...; pledge, 167; Registration Act of 1 94 1, 142; San Quentin prison, 45O SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA QUARTERLY California, State of (continued), 118, 151; Senate Fact Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities, 291-292, 294; supreme court, 97, 103 California: Its History and Its Romance (McGroarty), 45...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2010; 923243–274 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172529
Published: 01 October 2010
... aliens had been restricted tothose present on Terminal Island and those in civil service positions, had come to endorse not only the concept of total removal but to suggest activities for the Japanese that bordered on slave labor camps.31 Bowron made his first public endorsement of Japanese removal on...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2010; 922117–160 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172517
Published: 01 July 2010
... their letters to Mexico," She also traveled to the workers' camp- grounds. With congeniality, she informed crop-picking families about their legal rights as laborers,20 While the Depression swept hrough California during the 1930s, thou- sands of Mexican residents were deported or "repatriated" from...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2009; 912191–235 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172470
Published: 01 July 2009
... Chavez at first pondered whether to jeopardize his young organization to join Larry Itliong, who had directed local Filipino members of awoc con- ducting a sit-down strike in the labor camps. On Saturday, September 16, 1965, one thousand Filipino and Mexican grape pickers packed into the parish hall at...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2009; 9113–25 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172455
Published: 01 April 2009
... was a matter of experience. An employee of the Russian American Company, Tarakanov was well acquainted with social posi- tions of the unfree - a category ranging from indigenous contract labor to outright slavery. After all, the company's origins and marginal profitabil- ity rested on the early...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2008; 902109–158 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172418
Published: 01 July 2008
... against cheap Asian labor. That rationale is neither satisfying nor consistent with the known facts. William Locklear's more focused study showed that the anti-Chi- nese labor movement did not take root among workers in Los Angeles until five years after the massacre and was never as virulent as it was in...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2007; 894373–390 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172391
Published: 01 December 2007
... from that gang."24 She did take a vacation, traveling to Europe in 1925 and showing interest in more than the usual tourist attractions. In every town she FROM SALON TO SOAP-BOX 381 asked about labor newspapers. In Geneva she visited the League of Nations and the International Students' Club. In London...
Journal Articles
Southern California Quarterly. 2007; 893285–306 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41172376
Published: 01 October 2007
... Prison Reform, Child Labor, our Vanishing Wild Life. The New Sympathy in Art, Literature, and Drama, etc. etc.43 She maintained an active club schedule, referring to herself as a member of the "Friday Morning Club, Channel Club, two years as Ebell Club book curator, and chairman of the program committee...