Padre Eusebio Kino (1645–1711), known as the builder of missions, explorer of New Spain’s northern reaches, protective pastor of Native American converts, and diplomat for peace on the borderlands, also instigated military attacks on Indigenous peoples who resisted Christianity and Spanish rule, drove his converts to take up arms against them, and celebrated brutal victories. He did these actions with a clean conscience by determining that his adversaries were instruments of the Devil and by appealing to legalities. This article explores Kino’s exercise of this second, militant kind of diplomacy by making a close comparison of his own account of his years in the Pimería Alta with the accounts of his Spanish military counterparts.

This content is only available via PDF.