While some anti-war activist groups faded during the latter part of the cold war, the Los Angeles Catholic Worker organization continued its commitment to world peace through nonviolent resistance. This article explores the organization's founding, programs, and the variety of motives that led individuals to participate in lacw's causes. By linking the struggle against war with the struggle against poverty, and by relying on self-sacrifice as a primary strategy, this peace group remained viable while providing essential services to the poor, expanding its ideological focus and effectiveness, and shaping America's consciousness and conscience.

Notes

Notes
1
William Robbins, "Berrigans See a Reawakening for Antiwar Activists," New York Times, Dec. 13, 1980, 8.
2
Lawrence Wittner, The Struggle Against the Bomb: Resisting the Bomb (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997), 444.
3
Lawrence Wittner, Rebels Against War (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984), 293.
4
Larry Holben, introduction to Reluctant Resister by Jeff Dietrich (Greensboro, NC: Unicorn Press, 1983), 8-14.
5
Catherine Morris, Feb. 14, 2007,
6
Michael J. Baxter, '"Blowing the Dynamite of the Church'; Catholic Radicalism from a Catholic Radicalist Perspective," Dorothy Day, Peter Maurin, and the Catholic Worker Movement, March-April 1999, http:// www.cjd.org/paper/bl0w2.html (17 November 2008).
7
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 14.
8
Gerald Runkle, Anarchism: Old and New (New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1972), 10.
9
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 9-10.
10
"Aims and Purposes," The Catholic Agitator, May 108«;, 4.
11
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 9.
12
The Catholic Answer Bible (Wichita, KS: Fireside Catholic Publishing, 2002), 1054.
13
Holben, Reluctant Resister, io.
14
"Aims and Purposes," The Catholic Agitator, May 1985, 3.
15
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 14.
17
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 16.
18
Ammon Hennacy, The Book ofAmmon (Baltimore: Fortcamp Publishing Co., 1994), 345.
19
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 15-17.
21
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 17.
23
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 17.
25
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 17-18.
27
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 18.
28
Ibid., 19.
30
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 20-2 1 .
31
Holben, Reluctant Resister, 21.
32
Ibid.
33
Ibid.
35
Ibid.
36
Ibid.
37
Lawrence Wittner, Cold War America: From Hiroshima to Watergate (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1974), 11-13.
38
Spencer Weart, Nuclear tear: A History of images (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988), 275-280.
39
Ronald Powaski, March to Armageddon (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), 193.
40
The Catholic Agitator, October 1979,
41
Bob Aldridge, "The salt Monster: salt II Legalizes the Arms Race," The Catholic Agitator, October 1979, 1.
42
Powaski, Armageddon, 228.
43
Ibid., 194.
44
Ibid., 193.
45
Ann Bucher, "Voices Crying in the Wilderness... At the Nevada Test Site," The Catholic Agitator, August 1983, 4.
46
Phillip Murnion, ed. Catholics and Nuclear War: A Commentary on the Challenge of Peace, The US Bishops' Pastoral Letter on War and Peace (New York: Crossroad Press, 1983), 251-252.
47
Gumbleton, "Treacherous Pastures," The Catholic Agitator, October 1979, 3.
48
Phillip Zwerling, "Blood Money: We Don't Have to Pay for Death and Destruction," The Catholic Agitator, October 1979, 6.
49
Molly Rush, "Confronting the Bomb in Our Midst," The Catholic Agitator, June 198 1, 1-2.
50
Toni Flynn, "Finding My Way," The Catholic Agitator, February 1987, 3.
51
Toni Flynn, "Stained Glass," The Catholic Agitator, May 1985, 4.
52
Flynn, "Finding My Way," The Catholic Agitator, February 1987, 3.
53
Ibid.
54
Jeff Dietrich, "Pacifists Invade Orange County, and Cliché Falls Victim First," The Los Angeles Times, Octo- ber 14, 1979, F5.
55
Ibid.
56
Gary Jarlson, "Two Arrested at Military Show Get 6-Month Terms," Los Angeles Times, October 31, 1979, OC-Ai.
57
Jeff Dietrich, "A Pacifist's Fight to Keep the Courage of His Convictions," Los Angeies Times, January 20, 1080, Eq.
58
Ibid.
59
Ibid.
60
Jeff Dietrich, Reluctant Resister (Greensboro, NC: Unicorn Press, 1983), 38.
61
Dietrich, A Pacifist s Fight.
62
Ibid.
63
Dietrich, Reluctant Resister, 30.
64
Dietrich, "A Pacifist's Fight."
65
Jeff Dietrich, "The Jail Doors Slam Shut on Feeling of Celebration," Los Angeies Times, November 20, 1980, D7.
66
Jeff Dietrich, "A Pacifist's Fight."
67
Jeff Dietrich, Reluctant Resister, 85
68
Dietrich, "A Pacifist's Fight."
69
Ibid.
70
Kathleen Hendrix, "The 'Troublemakers' of Skid Row," Los Angeles Times, February 27, 1980, Gì.
71
"Your Tax Dollars at Work." The Catholic Agitator, October 1080, 7.
72
Bob Specter, "Inflation a Double Threat for Welfare Recipients," Los Angeies Times, April 11, 1980, Bi.
73
Jeff Dietrich, "There Are Children Lurking Within Even Skid Row's Savages in Training," Los Angeles Times, October n, 1080, G5.
74
Elizabeth Mehren, "Skid Row Playground: The Best Game in Town," Los Angeles Times, July 2, 1980, Gì.
75
Dietrich, "There Are Children."
76
Ibid.
77
Mehren, "Skid Row Playground."
78
Dietrich, "There Are Children."
79
Mehren, "Skid Row Playground."
80
Dietrich, "There Are Children."
81
Ibid.
82
"Para Los Ninos: A Vision on Skid Row," Los Angeles Times, April 21, 1980, C8.
83
Phillip Brickner, "Homeless Healthcare," The Catholic Agitator, July 1986, 3.
84
Jeff Dietrich, "Compassion," The Catholic Agitator, July 1986, 1 .
85
Ibid.
86
Rosemary Occhiogrosso, "In the Flesh," The Catholic Agitator, July 1986, 2.
87
Ibid.
88
Ibid.
89
Angela Jones, "A Dedicated Core of Compassionate Volunteers Are the Heartbeat of Hospitality Free Med- ical Clinic," The Catholic Agitator, July 1986, 5.
90
Ibid.
91
Ibid.
92
Meg Baum, "A Bit of Painful Love," The Catholic Agitator, May 1985, 5.
93
Ibid.
94
Michaele Dietzel, "Journal," Catholic Agitator, February 1976, 3.
95
Jeff Dietrich, "There Are Children."
96
Bob Miller, The Economics of the Bishops Letter The Catholic Agitator, February 1985, 2.
97
Ibid.
The Catholic Answer Bible, 1120.
98
Catherine Morris, "Pope John Paul" The Catholic Agitátor, November 1979, 3.
99
Roselie Riegle Troester, ed. Voices from the Catholic Worker. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1003, 52-56.
101
"History." Las Vegas Catholic Worker, November 11, 2008 <www.lvcw.org/history.htm> .
102
"Sister Houses." Los Angeles Catholic Worker, November 11, 2008 <www.lacatholicworker.org/sister-houses>.
104
Ibid.
105
The Catholic Agitator, October 1979, 3.
106
"On the Line: Dentists," The Catholic Agitator, October 1986, 7.
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