Notes

Notes
2
Steven W. Hackel, Children of Coyote: Indian Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850 (Chapell Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005), 377-80;
James A. Sandoz, Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions (New Haven, CT: Yale Univer- sity Press, 2004), 108-10;
Richard Steven Street, Beasts of the Field: A Narrative History of California Farm- workers, 1769-1913 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004), 81-85.
3
José María Lozano and Manuel Dublan, eds. Legislacion mexicaa; o, colección completa de las disposiciones legislativas expedidas desde la inde- pendencia de la republica, 5 vols. (Mexico: Imprenta del Comercio, 1876), 2: 548-49;
Robert H. Jackson and Edward Castillo, Indians, Franciscans, and Spanish Colonization: The Impact of the Mission System on California Indians (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995), 88-89.
6
José María de Echeandía, Plan para convenir en pueblos las misiones de la alta California, Julio y Agosto de 1830, Huntington Library, Guerra Family Collection, box 6, Folder 256;
Decreto del Congreso Mejicano secularizando las Misiones, 17 de Agosto de 1833 in José María Lozano and Manuel Dublan, eds. Legislación mexicana;
José Figueroa, Reglamento provisional para la secularización de las Misiones de la Alta California, 9 de Agosto de 1834, Bancroft Library, Archives of California, Missions and Colonization, CA-53, Tomo 2:166-74.
8
José María de Echeandía, Decreto de emancipación á favor de neófitos, 25 July 1826, Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California, 7 vols. (San Francisco, CA: The History Co., 1886), 103.
Agustín Zamorano, Reglamento para la colonización de los territorios de la Repúplica, 19 de Noviembre, 1829, Bancroft Library, Archives of California, Missions and Colonization, Tomo 2 (CA- 53): 2-6.
9
Hackel, Children of Coyote, 388-405.
10
Bancroft, History of California, 3:181-82.
11
Torcuato S. Di Telia, National Popular Politics in Early Independent Mexico, 1820-1847 (Albu- querque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1996), 133-54.
12
Zephyrin Englehardt, O.F.M., The Missions and Missionaries of California, 4 vols. (San Francisco, CA: The James H. Barry Co., 1913), 4:337.
Street, Beasts of the Field, 92.
15
José María de Echeandia, Ley sobre administración de misiones, 6 January 1831, Bancroft Library, Archives of California, Departmental Records, vol. 2 (CA-49), 66-78;
José María de Echeandia, Reglamento de secu- larización de las misiones, 18 de Noviembre, 1832, Archives of California, State Papers: Missions and Colo- nization, Tomo 2 (CA-53), 50-69.
Bancroft, History of California, 3:311.
16
Lucas Alamán to Figueroa, 17 May 1832, State Archives of California, Missions and Colonization, Tomo 2:34-36.
José Figueroa, The Manifesto to the Mexican Republic (Oakland, CA: Biobooks, 1952), 2-3.
17
José Figueroa, Informe en que se opone al proyecto de secularización, 5 de Octubre de 1833, Bancroft Library, Archives of California, State Papers, Missions and Colonization, Tomo 2 (CA-53), 72.
18
Ibid.
Maynard Geiger, O.F.M., trans, and ed., "Mission San Gabriel in 18 14," Southern California Quarterly 53 (September 1071): 244-40.
19
Ibid.;
Street, Beasts of the Fields, 84.
20
José Figueroa, Prevenciones provisionales para la emancipación de Indios reducidos, 15 de Julio, 1833, in Ban- croft, The History of California, 3:328-29.
21
Ibid.
22
Michael С Meyer and William L. Sherman, The Course of Mexican History, 5th ed. (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), 326.
23
Ibid.;
Figueroa, The Manifesto to the Mexican Republic, 3.
Decreto del Congreso Mejicano secularizando las Misiones, 17 de Agosto de 1833, in Bancroft, History of California, 3:336.
24
Ibid.
25
Fray Francisco Garcia to José Figueroa, 24 September 1833, State Papers, Missions and Colonization, Tomo 2 (CA-53), 83.
26
Ibid.
27
Ibid.;
Hackel, Children of Coyote, 375-76;
28
José Figueroa, Reglamento Provisional para la secularización de las Misiones.
29
Kenneth Pauley, "Weights and Measurements in California's Mission Period: Part II - Area Measurements, in Archaeological Cultural and Historical Perspectives on Alta California," Pro- ceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association (Santa Cruz, California, 2003), 114-25.
Robert H. Jackson, Indian Population Decline: The Missions of Northwestern New Spain, 1687-1840 (Albuquerque, NM: 1994), appendix 4, 175.
30
Ibid.
31
Ibid.
33
Jackson, Indian Population Decline, 6-7;
Douglas Monroy, Thrown Among Strangers: The Making of Mex- ican Culture in Frontier California (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990), 86-87.
34
Zephyrin Englehardt, San Luis Rey Mission (San Francisco: The James H. Barry Company, 1921), 52-53.
35
Ibid.
36
Alan Hutchinson, Frontier Settlement in Mexican California: the Hijar-Padrés Colony and its Origins, 1769-1835 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1969), 277-78.
37
José María Osuna to "Jefe Superior," 5 November 1835, Bancroft Library: MS Benjamin Hayes Collection, Missions, vol. 1:229.
38
Ibid.
39
George Harwood Phillips, "Indians and the Breakdown of the Spanish Mission System in Cal- ifornia," Ethnohistory 21:4 (Fall 1974).
40
José Figueroa, Reglamento provisional.
41
José Figueroa al Alcalde del Pueblo de Las Flores, 8 May 1835, Bancroft Library, Archives of California, State Papers, Missions, vol. 7 (CA-51), 95.
42
Joaquín de los Rios y Ruiz to unknown, 15 November 1840, Archives of California, State Papers, Missions, vol. 10 (CA-51), 262.
43
Cecil С Mover, Historic Ranchos of San Diego (San Diego, CA: Union-Tribune Publishing Co., 1969), 4.
44
Martin Cole and Henry Welcome, eds. Don Pio Pico's Historical Narrative (Glendale, CA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1973), 21 (n.6), 22.
45
Resultados de elecciones de San Diego, 6 de Octubre, 1828, Bancroft Library, bound manuscript, "Cuaderno de Actas de Elecciones de Diputados al Congresso Gen- eral y á la Diputación Territorial," Archives of California, Miscellany, (CA-62), 330.
46
José María de Echeandía, Plan para convenir en pueblos las misiones de la alta California.
47
José María de Echeandía, Reglamento para fos encargados de justicia y dela policia de las misiones del Departa- mento de San Diego, 29 January 1833, Archives of California, State Papers, Missions and Colonization, Tomo 2:112-15.
48
Ibid.
49
Pío Pico to Santiago Arguello, 24 January 1836, Benjamin Hayes, Materials Concerning the Missions of Alta California, Bancroft library, vol. 1:293.
50
Cole and Welcome, Don Pío Pico's Historical Narrative, 91.
51
Pío Pico to Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, 16 April 1836.
53
Ignacio del Valle to unknown, 3 August 1836, Archives of California, State Papers, Missions, vol. 7:119.
54
Inventario, Mission San Luis Rey, 22 August de 1835, Archives of California, Missions (CA-51), 11-12.
55
Ibid.
56
Inventario, Mission Santa Ines, 1 August 1836, Archives of California, Missions (CA-51), 27.
57
Pío Pico, 9 September 1836, San Luis Rey, Benjamin Hayes, Missions of Alta California, vol. 1.
58
Cole and Welcome, Don Pío Pico's Historical Narrative, 89.
59
Julio Cesar, Cosas de Indios, MS Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley, 1-2.
60
Ibid.
61
Guillermo Hartnell to unknown, 26 August 1840, Archives of California (CA-51 ), 287-90.
62
Cole and Welcome, Don Pío Pico's Historical Narrative, 98-99.
63
Julio Cesar, Cosas de Indios.
64
Ibid.
65
Santiago Arg_ello to Jefe Politico, 9 June 1836,
66
Cole and Welcome, Don Pío Pico's Historical Narrative, 91;
Bancroft, History of California, 3:624, n. 17.
68
Ibid.
69
Cole and Welcome, Don Pío Pico's Historical Narrative, 91-93.
70
Ibid.
71
Nicolas Gutiérrez to Alcalde Constitutional de San Diego, 7 June 1836, Hayes Documents, Missions of Alta California, vol. 1,
72
Pablo Apis to José Castro, 7 November 1836, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, Documentos para la historia de California, 3:236,
73
Nicolas Gutiérrez to Comandante General, 9 July 1836,
74
Mariano Chico to Alcalde Constitutional de San Diego, 20 June 1836, Hayes Documents, Missions.
75
Nicolas Gutiérrez to Alcalde Constitutional de San Diego, 11 July 1836, Hayes Documents, Missions.
76
Mariano Chico to Nicolas Gutiérrez, 11 July 1836, Hayes, Missions.
77
Pío Pico to Santiago Arguello, 16 September 1836, Hayes, Missions.
78
Pío Pico to Santiago Arguello, 6 November 1836, Hayes Documents, Missions, 315.
79
David Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico (Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1982), 255-56.
80
Douglas Monroy, "The Creation and Re-creation of Californio Society," in Ramon Gutierrez and Richard J. Orsi, eds. Contested Eden: California Before the Gold Rush (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of Cal- ifornia Press, 1998), 191.
81
Rosaura Sánchez, Telling Identities: the Californio testimonios (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995), 143-44.
Bancroft, History of California, 4: 68, n. 50.
82
Andrés Pico to Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, 7 February 1839. Vallejo, Documentos, UC Berkeley (C-B 6), 188.
83
Andrés Pico to José Antonio Estudillo, 19 May 1839. Hayes, Missions.
84
José Antonio Pico to M. G. Vallejo, 21 July 1839, Vallejo, Documentos, UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library (C- B 7), 393
85
José Antonio Pico to M. G. Vallejo, 6 July 1839, Vallejo, Documentos, UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library (C- B7),314-
86
Tiburcio Tapia to Supremo Gobierno, May 1840. Haves Documents, Missions.
87
Pío Pico to José Antonio Pico, 7 June 1839, Vallejo, Documentos, UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library (C-B 7), 188.
88
Pico to Guillermo Hartnell, 12 June 1839, Vallejo, Documentos, UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library (C-B 7), 206.
Susanna Bryant Dakin, The Lives of William Hartnell (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1949), 222, 266.
89
Ibid.,Hartnell,230.
90
Bancroft, History of California, 4:58. The reglamento came 1 March 1840.
91
Joaquín de los Rios y Ruiz to unknown, 15 November 1840, Archives of California, State Papers, Missions, vol. 10 (CA-51), 262.
92
William E. Hartnell, Visitador General de Misiones, August 16 1840, Pío Pico Papers, Addi- tions, Folder 3
93
Glenn J. Farris, ed. The Diary and Copybook of William E. P. Hartnell: visitador General of the Missions of Alta California in 1839 and 1840 (Santa Clara: The California Mission Studies Association, 2004), 33, 54-55, 123.
94
"Petition of Señores Pico for Santa Margarita," 12 March 1841, 1:351-52
Bancroft, History of California, 4:621.
95
Pío and Andrés Pico to Sub Prefecto y Alvarado, Petition for Rancho Temecula, 2 December 1840, Pico, Additions, Folder 5.
Robert C. Cowan, Ranchos of California: a List of Spanish Concessions, 1775-1822 and Mexican Grants, 1822-1846 (Fresno, CA: Academy Library Guild, 1956).
96
The Federal Government of Mexico officially recognized Pico as governor on 13 September 1845.
97
Pico, Reglamento para la enagenación y arriendo de las Misiones, 28 October 1845, Agustín Olvera, Documen- tos para la historia de California, Bancroft Library, C-B 87.
Englehardt, 4:445-50.
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