Notes

Notes
1
Willi Reich, Schoenberg: A Critical Biog- raphy, trans. Leo Black (London: Longman, 1981), 189-91;
Joseph Auner, ed., A Schoenberg Reader: Documents of a Life (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003), 244.
2
John Russell Taylor, Strangers in Paradise: The Hollywood Émigrés, 1 933-1 950 (London: Faber and Faber, 1983)
Anthony Heilbut, Exiled in Paradise: German Refugee Artists and Intellectuals in America from the 1930s to the Present (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Uni- versity of California Press, 1997).
3
Max Vorspan and Lloyd P. Gartner, History of the Jews of Los Angeles (San Marino, CA: The Huntington Library, 1970);
Norton B. Stern, ed., The Jews of Los Angeles: Urban Pioneers (Los Angeles: Southern Cal- ifornia Jewish Historical Society, 198 1);
Wendy Elliott-Scheinberg, "Boyle Heights: Jewish Ambiance in a Multicultural Neighborhood" (Ph.D. diss., Claremont Graduate University, 2001).
Neal Gabler, An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood (New York: Crown Publishers, 1988).
4
Harris Newmark, Sixty Years in Southern Cal- ifornia, 1853-1913, 3rd ed., eds. Maurice H. Newmark and Marco R. Newmark (Boston: Houghton Mif- flin, 1930).
Bernard Cohn (b. Poland, 1835-d. Los Angeles, 1889)
Norton B. Stern, "The First Jew to Run for Mayor of Los Angeles," in Stern, ed., The Jews of Los Angeles, 116-28. Emil Harris (b. Prussia, 1839-d. Los Angeles, 192 1)
Norton B. Stern and William M. Kramer, "Emil Harris: Los Angeles Jew- ish Police Chief," in Stern, ed., The Jews of Los Angeles, 51-80.
Pauline Hirsh, "Introduction," in Stern, ed., The Jews of Los Ange- les. Herman Silver (b. near Hamburg, 1830-d. Los Angeles, 1913)
J. M. Guinn. A History of California and an Extended History of Los Ange- les and Environs, vol. 2 (Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1915), 73.
5
James P. Allen and Eugene Turner, The Ethnic Quilt: Population Diversity in Southern California (Northridge: California State University, Northridge, 1997), 50;
Vorspan and Gartner, History of the Jews of Los Ange- les, 109. The 1930 census population for the City of Los Angeles was 1,238,048.
6
William M. Kramer, "The Founding of the Organized Jewish Community of Greater Los Angeles," in Stern, ed., The Jews of Los Angeles, 9-20.
7
Allen and Turner, The Ethnic Quilt, 50, 67.
Wendy Elliott-Scheinberg claims that in 1910 "all sections con- tained more American-born residents than immigrants," in Elliott-Scheinberg, "Boyle Heights," 219.
8
Maurice Zam, "How Schoenberg Came to ucla, "journal of the Arnold Schoenberg Institute 3, no. 2 (October 1979): 223-28.
9
Heilbut, Exiled in Paradise, 21-22, 135-36, 153-59.
11
Jewish themes were a play, Der biblische Weg, begun in 1922, and his unfinished opera, Moses und Aron, begun in 1928. Auner, ed., A Schoenberg Reader, 202-07, 212-18, 244.
12
Steven J. Cahn, "'Kol Nidre' in America," in Matthias Schmidt, et al., Arnold Schoenberg in America (Vienna: Arnold Schoenberg Center, 2002), 205-06.
Jacob Sonderling, "Five Gates -Casual Notes for an Autobiography," American Jewish Archives 16, no. 2 (November 1964): 107-23.
<http://wwwi.uni-hamburg.de/rz3ao35//jh_welcome.html> Click on "Synagogues," then "Former Neue Dammtor-Synagoge (New Dammtor Synagogue)." Accessed on May 23, 2007.
13
Vorspan and Gartner, History of the Jew of Los Angeles, 211.
14
A Passover Psalm at the Hollywood Bowl in June 1945 with the Los Angeles Philharmonic for the Russian War Relief Fund. Brendan G. Carroll, The Last Prodigy: A Biog- raphy of Erich Wolfgang Korngold (Portland, OR: Amadeus Press, 1997), 301, 320.
15
Bryan R. Simms, The Atonal Music of Arnold Schoenberg 1908-1923 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 165-77.
16
Auner, ed., A Schoenberg Reader, 143-47;
O. W. Neighbor, "Arnold Schoenberg," The New Grove Dic- tionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 16, ed. Stanley Sadie (London: Macmillan Publishers, 1980), 712-17.
17
Cahn, "'Kol Nidre' in America," 204.
18
Heilbut, Exiled in Paradise, 58-61.
19
Cahn, " 'Kol Nidre' in America," 2 11 .
20
<http://www.schoenberg.at/9_webradio/recordings_e.htm>. Accessed on May 23, 2007.
21
Erwin Stein, ed., Arnold Schönberg Briefe (Mainz, 1958), 228,
Michael Mäckelmann, Arnold Schönberg und das Judentum (Hamburg: Verlag der Musikalienhandlung Karl Dieter Wagner, 1984), 447.
<http://www.muspe.unibo.it/biblio/Leibowitz/leibo _t>res.htm>. Accessed on May 23, 2007.
22
Camille Crittenden, "Texts and Contexts of A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46," in Political and Religious Ideas in the Works of Arnold Schoenberg, ed. Charlotte M. Cross and Russell A. Berman (New York: Garland Pub- lishing, 2000), 231-58;
Michael Strasser, "'A Survivor from Warsaw' as Personal Parable," Music and Leu ters 76, no. 1 (February 1995): 52-63;
Mäckelmann, Arnold Schönberg, 477-92;
Hans Heinz Stucken- schmidt, Schönberg. Leben, Umwelt, Werk (1974; Munich: Piper Verlag, 1989), 435.
23
Stuckenschmidt, Schönberg, 435; Mäckelmann, Arnold Schönberg, 479-80.
24
René Leibowitz, "Arnold Schoenberg: A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46," File 143. 1-052, René Leibowitz Col- lection, Paul Sacher Foundation, Basel, Switzerland.
Rudolf Kolisch Retirement Concert, University of Wisconsin, March 12 [1967?], File 143. 1-062, René Leibowitz Collection, Paul Sacher Foundation.
25
<http://www.schoenberg.at/9_webradio/jukebox.htm>. Click on "Orchestral Music." Accessed on May 23, 2007.
26
Leibowitz, "Arnold Schoenberg: A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46," File 143.1-052, René Leibowitz Col- lection. Emphasis in original.
27
Leibowitz, "Arnold Schoenberg: A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46," File 143. 1-052, René Leibowitz Col- lection.
28
Lawrence Schoenberg, interview with author, tape recording, Pacific Palisades, CA, June 12, 2004.
Alma Mahler Werfel, And the Bridge Is Love (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1958), 300-01, 305-06.
29
Crittenden, "Texts and Contexts of A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46," 232,
30
Schoenberg composed the work from August 11 to August 23, 1947.
31
Arnold Schoenberg to Kurt List, November 1 , 1948.
Strasser, "'A Survivor from Warsaw' as Personal Parable," 52-53; Crittenden, "Texts and Contexts of A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46," 232.
32
Albuquerque, New Mexico, where conductor Kurt Freder- ick arranged a concert with the Albuquerque Civic Symphony Orchestra on November 4, 1948.
Auner, ed., A Schoenberg Reader, 320-22.
33
Beat Föllmi, Tradition als hermeneutische Kategorie hei Arnold Schönberg (Bern: Verlag Paul Haupt, 1996), 118-41, here 133.
34
"Two Speeches on the Jewish Situation, 1934 and 1935," in Style and Idea: Selected Writings of Arnold Schoenberg, ed. Leonard Stein, trans. Leo Black (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Uni- versity of California Press, 1975), 501-05.
35
Leonard Stein, "Arnold Schönberg's Biblical Path," in Arnold Schönberg und sein Gott: Bericht zum Sympo- sium, 26.-29. Juni 2002 (Vienna: Arnold Schoenberg Center, 2003), 9.
36
Stein, "Arnold Schönberg's Biblical Path," 9.
37
Föllmi, Tradition als hermeneutische Kategorie, 135-36.
38
Vorspan and Gartner, History of the Jews of Los Angeles, 262.
39
Dreimal tausend Jahre, for mixed choir a cappella, Op. 50a (1949);
De Profundis (Psalm 130), for mixed choir a cappella, Op. 50b (1950);
Modern Psalm no. 1 , Op. 50c (1950, incomplete).
40
Richard Hoffmann, interview with author, tape recording, Oberlin, OH, August 20, 2005.
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