Notes

Notes
1
Curt Gentry, J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets (New York and London: W. W. Norton & Co., 1991);
Richard Gid Powers, Secrecy and Power: The Life of J. Edgar Hoover (New York: The Free Press, 1987);
Athan G. Theoharis and John Stuart Cox, The Boss: J. Edgar Hoover and the Great Ameri- can Inquisition (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988);
Athan G. Theoharis, "A Brief History of the FBI's Role and Powers," in Athan G. Theoharis [ed.J, The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide (New York: Checkmark Books, 2000), 1-43.
2
Martin J. Schiesl, "Behind the Badge: The Police and Social Discontent in Los Angeles Since 1950," in Norman M. Klein and Martin J. Schiesl [ed.]. 20th-century Los Angeles: Power, Pro- motion, and Social Conflict (Claremont, CA: Regina Books, 1990), 153-194,
Gerald Woods, The Police in Los Angeles: Reform and Professionalization (New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1993).
Woods' book is a revision of his (longer) dissertation, "The Progressives and the Police: Urban Reform and the Profes- sionalization of the Los Angeles Police" (PhD diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1973).
3
Official and Confidential: The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1 993),
Athan Theoharis, J. Edgar Hoover, Sex, and Crime: An Historical Antidote (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994), 19.
Ronald Kessler, The Bureau: The Secret History of the FBI (New York: St. Mar- tin's Press, 2002), 106-113,
Peter Maas, "Setting the Record Straight," Esquire, 119 (May 1993): 56-58.
Tony Pověda, Lawlessness and Reform: The FBI in Transi- tion (Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing, 1990), 107-126.
4
Richard Whitehall, "When the Mobsters Came West: Organized Crime in Los Angeles Since 1 930," in Klein and Schiesl [eds.], 20th-century Los Angeles, 131-151.
5
Kenneth C. Burt, "Tony Rios and Blood Christmas: A Turning Point Between the Los Angeles Police Depart- ment and the Latino Community," Western Legai History 14 (Summer/Fall 2001): 159-192;
Edward J. Esco- bar, "Bloody Christmas and the Irony of Police Professionalization: The Los Angeles Police Department, Mexican Americans, and Police Reform in the 1950s," Pacific Historical Review 72 (May 2003): 171-199;
Schiesl, "Behind the Badge," 156.
6
SAC Abbaticchio to the Director, July 18, 1952, FBI 62-96042 NR (Not Recorded), 1-2.
7
Ibid., 2.
Tony Mirable and Frank Bompensiero, as noted in SAC San Diego to Hoover, July 25, 1952, FBI 62-96042 NR.
8
SAC Abbaticchio to the Director, July 18, 1952, FBI 62-96042 NR (Not Recorded), 2.
9
Ibid., 3.
10
Ibid., 3-4
11
Ibid., 5.
12
Hoover to SAC, Los Angeles, July 25, 1952, FBI 62-96042 NR .
13
Gentry, 416-417.
Susan Rosenfeld, "Biographies" in Theoharis [ed.], The FBI, 356.
14
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, July 29, 1952, FBI 62-96042 NR.
15
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, June 29, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR.
16
Ibid.
17
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, July 29, 1953, FBI 62-86042 NR.
18
Memorandum to the Director, August 18, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR.
19
F. H. Mclntire to H. H. Clegg, September 18, 1953, FBI 62-96042
F. L. Price to Rosen, September 14, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR.
20
Daryl F. Gates with Diane K. Shah, Chief: M? Years with the LAPD (New York: Bantam Books, 1992), 32.
21
Gentry, 416;
H. H. Clegg to Toison, September 17, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR;
H. H. Clegg, September 15, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR;
Director to SAC Los Angeles, September 18, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR;
Memorandum, September 23, 1953, 62-96042 NR.
22
Mr. Price to Mr. Rose, March 5, 1954, FBI 9-25736-2, and Hoover to SAC Los Angeles, March 8, 1954, FBI 9-25736-2
23
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, May 25, 1 954, 62-96042-1 6;
Director to SAC Los Angeles, June 3, 1 954, FBI 62-96042-16.
[Name deleted] to H. H. Clegg, September 17, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR.
24
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, October 11, 1954, FBI 62-96042-21.
25
SAC Los Angeles, October 20, 1954, FBI 62-96042 NR;
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, Octo- ber 22, 1954, FBI 62-96042 NR.
26
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, August 5, 1955, FBI 62-96042 NR.
SAC Los Angeles to the Direc- tor, February 25, 1955, FBI 62-96042 NR,
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, March 9, 1955, FBI 62- 96032 NR.
27
E. D. Mason to Toison, September 28, 1955, FBI 62-96042 NR.
Kenneth O'Reilly, "Racial Matters": The FBI's Secret File on Black America, 1960-1972 (New York: The Free Press, 1989), 27.
28
Ε. D. Mason to Toison, October 17, 1955, FBI 62-96042 NR.
W. H. Parker, "Surveillance by Wiretap or Dictograph: A Police Chiefs Opinion," California Law Review, 42 (December 1954): 727-737.
29
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, May 13, 1957, FBI 62-96042-30.
30
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, July 1, 1957, FBI 62-96042-32;
SAC Los Angeles, July 9, 1957, FBI 62-96042-32.
31
Q. Tamm to Toison, July 8, 1957, FBI 62-96042-33.
32
Robert Reynolds to Hoover, August 2, 1957, FBI 62-96042-36;
L B. Nichols to Toison, August 6, 1957, FBI 62-96042-37.
R. E. Wick to De Loach, March 29, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR,
Hon. J. Edgar Hoover, June 5, 1964, FBI 62-96042-98.
33
SAC Philadelphia to the Director, November 27, 1957, FBI 62-96042-38.
34
Al Stump, "L.A.'s Chief Parker-America's Most Hated Cop," Cavalier (July 1958): 10-1 3, 79-84, FBI 62-96042 NR.
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, July 17, 1958, FBI 62-9604240
M. A. Jones to Nease, July 22, 1958, FBI 62-96042 NR.
35
W. С Sullivan to A. H. Belmont, October 17, 1958, FBI 62-9604246.
36
Q. Tamm to Toison, January 21, 1959, FBI 62-9604248.
Q. Tamm to Toison, October 21, 1958, FBI 62-9604247.
37
Patrick J. Cooney, "Parker Rumored As FBI Leader," Wilshire Reporter, February 24, 1960, FBI 62-96042-55.
38
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, February 24, 1960, FBI 62-96042-53;
С D. De bach to Mohr, February 24, 1960, FBI 62-96042-54;
SAC bs Angeles to the Director, February 26, 1960, FBI 62-96042-55.
39
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, April 2, 1960, FBI 62-96042-58;
M. A. Jones to De Loach, April 5, 1960, FBI 62-96042-59;
SAC bs Angeles to the Director, April 1, 1960, FBI 62-96042-60;
"Calls Mexico Dope Source," Los Angeles Herald & Express, April 1, 1960, FBI 62-96042-60;
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, April 2, 1960, FBI 62-96042-61.
40
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, April 1, 1960, FBI 62-96042-62.
41
W. С Sullivan to A. H. Belmont, August 16, 1960, FBI 62-96042-65;
J. F. Malone to Mohr, October 2, 1960, FBI 62-96042 NR;
J. F. Malone to Mohr, October 3, 1960, FBI 62-96042 NR.
42
С D. De Loach to Mohr, November 17, 1960, FBI 62-96042 NR.
43
James W. Hilty, Robert Kennedy, Brother Protector (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1997), 200.
44
Ibid., 433.
Gates, 142ff.,
Donald Spotto, Marilyn Mon- roe: The Biography (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1993), 599-611,
Athan Theoharis [ed.], From the Secret Files of]. Edgar Hoover (Chicago: Ivan K. Dee, 1991), 49-51;
Theoharis and Cox, 336-337.
"Probe Finds No Basis for Theory of Monroe Murder," Los Angeles Times, December 19, 1982, Part II, 8
45
Edward Schmitt, "A Humane Struggle: Robert Kennedy and the Problem of Poverty in America" (PhD diss., Marquette University, 2003), 101.
46
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 22, 1960, FBI 62-96042-66;
"Chief Parker May Head U.S. Crime Probers," Los Angeles Evening Herald-Express, December 22, 1960, FBI 62-96042-66;
"Parker Takes Swipe at FBI," Los Angeles Mirror, December 22, 1960, FBI 62-96042-66.
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 23, 1960, FBI 62-96042-67.
"Crime Job Bid Denied by Parker," Los Angeles Examiner, December 23, 1960, FBI 62-96042-67.
47
C. D. De Loach] to Mohr, December 23, 1960, FBI 62-96042-69.
48
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 27, 1960, FBI 62-96042-71.
49
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 30, 1960, FBI 62-96042-71.
50
Hilty, 243.
51
"Memo to Mr. Nichols," May 28, 1953, FBI 62-98907 NR;
M. A. Jones to Mr. DeLoach, June 1 , 1 961 , FBI 62-98907 NR ;
Hoover to Poulson, August 7, 1 959, FBI 62-98907-24.
Robert Gerhart Lane, "The Administration of Fletcher Bowron as Mayor of the City of Los Angeles," (master's thesis, Uni- versity of Southern California, 1954), 137-8.
52
Hoover to Yorty, June 20, 1940, FBI 9443740-13;
De Loach [?] to Nichols, April 1, 1954, FBI 9443740-6;
M. A. Jones to Mr. De Loach, June 1, 1961, FBI 9443740-18.
53
M. A. Jones to Mr. De Loach, June 1, 1961, FBI 9443740-18.
54
"There's Nothing Left but Hope," Los Angeles Times, June 2, 1961.
55
Raphael J. Sonenshein, Politics in Black and White: Race and Power in Los Angeles (Princeton, NJ: Princeton Uni- versity Press, 1993), 40
56
Frederick Knight, "Justifiable Homicide, Police Brutality, or Governmental Repression? The 1962 Los Angeles Police Shooting of Seven Members of the Nation of Islam," Journal of Negro History 79 (1994): 182-196;
Tay- lor Branch, Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963-1965 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998), 3-13; Schiesl, 160-161.
57
С A. Evans to Belmont, November 5, 1962, FBI 62-96042 NR.
Gentry, 414-415.
58
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 28, 1961, FBI 62-96042 NR;
J. F. Malone to Mohr, January 4, 1962, FBI 62-96042 NR;
SAC Los Angeles, January 10, 1962, FBI 62-96042 NR.
59
Lou Cannon, Official Negligence: How Rodney King and the Riots Changed Los Angeles and the LAPD (New York: Times Books, 1997), 60
60
C. D. De bach to Mohr, December 31, 1962, FBI 62-96042 NR.
61
Ibid
Karen Connolly-Lane, "More Than 'Just the Facts': Dragnet as Reactionary Mythology" (master's thesis, San Diego State University, 1997);
Daniel Moyer and Eugene Alvarez, Just the Facts Ma'am: The Authorized Biography of Jack Webb (Santa Ana, CA, and Minneapolis: Seven Locks Press, 2001);
Charles A. Varni, "Images of Police Work and Mass Media Propaganda: The Case of Dragnet" (PhD diss., Washington State University, 1974).
Richard Gid Powers, "The FBI in American Popular Culture," in Theoharis [ed.], The FBI, 261-307.
William Barrett, "The FBI's TV Files," Rolling Stone, April 21, 1988,33.
62
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, August 7, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR.
63
J. J. Cooper to the Director, October 9, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR.
64
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, November 21, 1963, FBI 62-96042-87.
"Gambling, Sex Probe; Vice Squad Shakeup," Los Angeles Herald Examiner, November 20, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR;
"Parker Orders Vice Squad Shakeup After Investigation," Los Angeles Times, November 21, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR.
65
"FBI Takes Blunt Stand on Parker," Los Angeles Times, December 13, 1963, 1-2;
"Telegrams Laud Parker for Criticism of FBI," Los Angeles Times, December 14, 1963, 17.
66
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 20, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR
67
M. A. Jones to De Loach, December 27, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR.
68
Ibid.
69
С D. De Loach to Mohr, December 28, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR;
Hoover to Gov. Edmund G. Brown, Decem- ber 30, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR;
M. A. Jones to De Loach, December 30, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR;
С A. Evans to Belmont, December 31, 1963, FBI 62-96042 NR;
SAC William G. Simon (Los Angeles) to C. D. De Loach, January 2, 1964, FBI 62-96042 NR.
70
SAC William G. Simon, Los Angeles, to C. D. De Loach, January 3, 1964, FBI 62-96042 NR.
С A. Evans to Belmont, January 10, 1964, FBI 62-96042 NR.
71
J. J. Daunt to De Loach, December 27, 1963, FBI 62-96042-93.
72
Ibid.
73
Ibid.
74
"Notes: The Administration of Complaints by Civilians against the Police," Harvard Law Review 77 (January 1964): 499-519.
The Police Chief 31 (February 1964): 13ff.
75
W. H. Parker to Quinn Tamm, December 30, 1963, FBI 62-96042-94;
Tamm to Chief W. H. Parker, January 8, 1964, FBI 62-96042-94;
SAC San Francisco to the Director, January 10, 1964, FBI 62-96042-94;
M. A. Jones to С D. De Loach, January 15, 1964, FBI 62-96042-95.
76
SAC San Francisco to the Director, FBI, January 28, 1964, FBI 62-96042-96.
77
SAC Minneapolis to the Director, May 11, 1964, FBI 62-96042-97.
78
С A. Evans to Belmont, December 11, 1964, FBI 62-96042-101.
79
J. J. Daunt to De bach, April 29, 1965, FBI 62-96042 NR; С D. De Loach to Mohr, May 6, 1965, FBI 62- 96042 NR.
80
M. A. Jones to De Loach, August 30, 1965, FBI 62-96042
81
Sonenshein, 223.
82
J. J. Daunt to De Loach, December 27, 1963, FBI 62-96042-93.
83
С D. De Loach to Mohr, October 6, 1965, FBI 62-96042 NR.
84
[SAC] Miami to the Director, October 13, 1965, FBI 62-96042-103.
85
Ibid.
86
H. I. Edwards to Felt, March 4, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR.
87
Ibid.
88
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, March 10, 1966, FBI 62-96042-105;
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, March 29, 1966, FBI 62-96042-106.
89
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, June 2, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR;
"Chief Parker Back on Job-Tanned and Testy," Los Angeles Times, June 2, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR;
"Parker Returns to Job," Los Angeles Herald Exam- iner, June 1 , 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR;
"The Only Verdict: Parker," Los Angeles Herald Examiner, June 1 , 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR.
90
"Chief Parker Collapses, Dies at Award Banquet," Los Angeles Times, July 17, 1966, 1,11;
"Police Chief Parker Widely Mourned, Tributes Pour In," Los Angeles Times, July 18, 1966, 1, 3, 16;
SAC Los Angeles to Director, July 17, 1966, FBI 62-96042-108.
91
Thousands Mourn at Funeral Rites for Chief Parker," Los Angeles Times, July 21, 1966, 1, 3, 27;
"More Than 1,500 Line Main St. for Final Tribute to Parker," Us Angeles Times, July 2, 1966, 3, 28.
92
"Chief Parker and the Law," Los Angeles Times, July 18, 1966, Part II, 4.
93
J. J. Casper to Mohr, August 18, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR;
SAC Los Angeles, August 19, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR.
94
Thad F. Brown to J. Edgar Hoover, July 27, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR.
95
Ibid.
96
J. J. Casper to Mohr, August 22, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR;
SAC Los Angeles, August 23, 1966, FBI 62-96042 NR.
97
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, June 29, 1953, FBI 62-96042 NR
Cannon, 58.
Woods, 227.
98
SAC Los Angeles to the Director, December 29, 1954, FBI 62-96042 NR.
99
Kenneth O'Reilly, 198, 355.
100
Powers, 391-392.
Hilty, 551 note 67.
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