Notes

Notes
1
José de Gálvez (1729-1787)
2
Don Gaspar de Portola (17237-1784), Spanish soldier in America, was appointed governor of the Californias in 1767.
San Diego in 1769.
3
Junípero Serra was born at Petra on the island of Majorca on November 24, 1713.
4
Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed. Historical Memoirs of New California by Fray Francisco Palou, O.F.M., 2 vols. (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1926), 11:294-295.
5
Antonio Maria Bucareli (1717-1779), Spanish general and administrator, was Viceroy of New Spain from 1771 to 1779.
6
Maynard Geiger, O.F.M., Valons Life of Fray Junípero Serra (Washington, D.C.: Academy of American Francis- can History, 1955), 148-150.
7
Monterey Peninsula Herald, February 8, 1954.
8
Harry Downie, July 30, 1966.
9
Ibid.
10
Adolph Heinrich Joseph Sutro (1830-1898),
Sutro Tunnel (1867-1878)
11
Noel Sulllivan (1889-1956),
12
Herbert Eugene Bolton, trans, and ed., Fonts s Complete Diary: A Chronicle of the Founding of San Francisco (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1933), 290-291.
14
Joseph Sadoc Alemany (1814-1888)
Viterbo, Italy. Bishop Alemany was appointed archbishop of San Francisco on July 29, 1853.
16
Harry Downie, July 30, 1966.
17
Bayard Taylor, Eldorado, or, Adventures in the Path of the Empire, 2 vols. (London: George Routledge, 1850), 1:1 17.
18
Harry Downie, July 26, 1966.
21
Harry Downie, August 4, 1966.
22
Bishop Thaddeus Amat appointed Father Angelus Delfino Casanova pastor of San Carlos Church in Monterey in 1863. Casanova died on March 11, 1893.
25
Harry Downie, August 4, 1966.
26
Francisco Palóu, O.F.M. (1723-1789),
Alta California in 1773.
27
Serra arrived at Mission Santiago de Xalpan in the Sierra Gorda on June 16, 1750, and returned to Mexico City on September 25 or 26, 1758.
Geiger, Palóu's Life, chapter 7, note 6.
28
Ibid., 30.
29
Harry Downie, August 4, 1966.
32
Harry Downie, August 4, 1966.
33
Harry Downie, July 30, 1966.
35
Richard Menn, curator at Carmel Mission, February 2005;
Maynard Geiger, O.F.M., The Life and Times of Fray Junípero Serra, or, The Man Who Never Turned Back (1713-1784), 2 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1959), 11:157.
36
Robert Louis Stevenson, Across the Plains with other Memories and Essays (New York: Charles Scribner's, 1899), 105.
38
Harry Downie, July 23, 1966. Report on Missions, August 15, 1779.
Antonine Tibesar, O.F.M. , ed., Writings of Junípero Serra, 5 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1955), 111:259.
39
Fermín Lasuén, O.F.M. (1736-1803),
40
Don Diego de Borica was governor of California from October 1794 to January 1800.
41
Harry Downie, "California's First Library," unpublished manuscript, 1 -4;
Harry Downie, July 23, 1966.
42
Ibid.
43
Ibid.
44
Harry Downie, July 23, 1966.
45
Ibid.
46
Geiger, Palóu s Life, 246.
47
Harry Downie, July 23, 1966.
48
Ibid.
49
Zephrin Engelhardt O.F.M., Mission San Carlos Borromeo (Carmelo): The Father of the Missions (Santa Barbara: Mission Santa Barbara, 1934), 6-7.
50
Harry Downie, July 23, 1966.
51
Sr. Marie Estelle Bernhart (Sr. Joan Bernhart) to the author, July 1, 1967.
53
Richard Menn to the author, January 23, 2003.
54
Harry Downie, July 23, 1966.
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