Notes

Notes
1
Revisiting The 1918 Flu" on Public Broadcasting Corporation, 24 March 1997.
Elizabeth Farnsworth and Dr. Jeffery Taubenberger of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, <www.pbs.org/new- shour/bb/health/march97/onlineNewsHour:1918influenzaepidemic-March24,19971918_3-24.html>.
2
Andrew Nikiforuk, The Fourth Horseman (New York, NY: Penguin Boob, 1992), 146.
3
R. Gordon Douglas Jr. and Robert F. Betts, "Influenza Virus," Principles and Practices of Infectious Diseases (New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons, 1979), 1136-1142.
4
Erik Larson, "The Flu Hunters," Time (February 23, 1998): 56.
5
Alfred Crosby, Epidemic and Peace, 1918 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976), 25-26.
6
Alfred Crosby, "The Influenza Pandemic of 1918," June Osborn, Influenza in America: 1918-1976 (New York, NY: Prodist, 1977), 4.
7
Dr. L M. Powers, Public Health: A Monthly Bulletin (Los Angeles: Los Angeles City Health Department, Octo- ber-November-December, 1918), 2. (Hereafter cited as Public Health: A Monthly Bulletin
8
Ibid.. 2.
9
Harbor Camp," Los Angeles Times, September 28, 1918, II: 4
10
Powers, Public Health: A Monthly Bulletin, 2.
11
"To Wage War On Influenza," Times, October 10, 1918, II: 8.
12
"Report Cases On Influenza," Times, October 9, 1918, II: 2.
13
Powers, Public Health: A Monthly Bulletin, 2.
14
"Fight Spread Of Influenza," Times, October 9, 1918, II: 7.
15
City Records: Ordinances, October 11,1918, City of Los Angeles. Vol. XII: 433.
16
Crosby, Epidemic and Peace, 1918, 105 and 109.
17
"Four Thousand New Cases Of Influenza," Times, October 20, 1918, II: 12.
18
"Important To The Public," ibid., October 1, 1918, II: 1.
19
"Organization Of Forces Against Influenza," Journal of the American Medical Association 71 (December 28, 1918): 2173.
20
"Closing Order A Temporary And Preventive Step Only," Times, October 1 1 , 1918, II: 2.
21
Races Home To Aid: Dies," ibid., October 29, 1918, 1: 5.
22
Dr. L M. Powers to the Los Angeles City Council, October 22, 1918, Petitions. Vol. 988
23
"Flu Cases Much Fewer," Times, October 26, 1918, II: 1.
24
"Organization Of Forces Against Influenza," Journal of the American Medical Association 71 (December 28, 1918): 2173.
25
"Lieutenant Whitaker Influenza Victim," Times, October 15, 1918, II: 6.
26
Powers, Public Health: A Monthly Bulletin, 3.
27
"Prefers Bullet To Flu," Times, October 20, 1918, II: 6.
28
Los Angeles City Council, late October, early November 1918, Petitions. Vol. 988.
29
May lift Influenza Ban Soon," Times, November 13, 1918, II: 3.
30
"San Francisco Lifts Ban Against Theaters," ibid., November 14, 1918, II: 8.
31
"May lift Ban Thursday," ibid., November 15, 1918, II: 1.
32
"Defy 'Flu' Rule; Arrested," ibid., November 4, 1918, II: 1.
33
"To The Supreme Court," ibid., November 5, 1918, II: 1.
34
"Scientists Ask To Open In Pasadena," ibid., December 10, 1918, II: 2;
"Scientists Of Pasadena Win," Ibid., Decem- ber 12, 1918, II: 2.
35
City Records: Minutes. November 25, 1918, City of Los Angeles, Vol. XII: 641-642.
36
"To Open Monday-Maybe," Times, November 21, 1918, II: 2.
37
City Records: Minutes. November 27 and 29, 1918, City of Los Angeles, Vol. XII: 657-658, 665.
38
Dr. John R. Haynes to the Los Angeles City Council, December 2, 1918, Petitions, Vol. 988, ibid.
39
"The Present Epidemic Of Influenza, Journal of the American Medical Association 71 (October 12, 1918): 1223.
40
"Fighting 'Flu' In Los Angeles," Times, October 13, 1918, II: 1.
41
"Governor Urges All To Combat Epidemic," ibid, October 23, 1918, II: 6.
42
"Organization of Forces Against Influenza," Journal of the American Medicai Association 71 (December 28, 1918): 2176.
43
Crosby, Epidemic and Peace, 1918, 105 and 109.
44
Ibid., 112-114.
45
Crosby, "The Influenza Pandemic of 1918," 11-12.
46
Powers, Health Bulletin: A Monthly Review, 7.
47
Crosby, Epidemic and Peace, 191 8, 114.
This content is only available via PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview