[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
William Brewer to Charles Hoffman, 1900.
William Brewer, Up and Down California in 18601864: The Jour- nal of William H. Brewer, ed. Francis P. Farquhar (2nd ed., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1949), p. xvi.
2
California, Journal of the California Assembly and Senate (hereafter JCAS) "Journal of the Senate," 11th sess. 1860, pp. 648, 703.
3
Statutes of California, 1860, p. 225.
4
" Petition [of John L LeConte] for a Geological Survey of California, 1850," C-Y 283,
5
JCAS, "Annual Report of the State Surveyor General," 4th sess, 1853, p. 16;
"Annual Report of the State Sur- veyor General," 6th sess., 1855, p. 13.
6
JCAS, "Professor John B. Trask's Report on the Geology of the Sierra Nevada or California Range," Appendix, 4th sess., 1853, p. 3.
6
American Journal of Science, 68 (November 1854): 302.
8
Robert L Kelly's Battling the Inland Sea: American Political Culture, Public Policy, and the Sacramento Valley, 1850-1986 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1989), pp. 111-135.
9
William Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the American West (New York: Knopf, 1966), p. 357,
Gerald T. White, Scientists in Conflict: The Beginnings of the Oil industry in Cal- ifornia (San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1968), pp. 13-20,
Edwin Tenney Brewster, Life and Letters of Josiah Dwight Whitney (Boston: Houghton Miff lin, 1909), p. 183,
Gerald D. Nash, "The Conflict Between Pure and Applied Science in Nineteenth-Cen- tury Public Policy: The California State Geological Survey, 1860-1874," Isis, 54 (June 1963): 220.
10
American Journal of Science, 80 (1860): 157;
Statutes of California, I860, pp. 225-226.
11
Nash, "The Conflict," p. 223;
White, Scientists in Conflict, p. 175;
Michael Smith, Pacific Visions: California Sci- entists and the Environment, 1850191 5 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987), p. 31.
12
J.D. Whitney St., to J.D. Whitney, Northampton, Mass., May 14, 1843, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 66.
13
Whitney to G.J. Brush, Virginia City, July 28, 1862, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 222.
14
American Journal of Science, 84 (1862): 157.
15
Statutes of California, 1860, p. 225.
17
Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 190;
Brewer, Up and Down California, p. 26.
18
Whitney to William D. Whitney, San Francisco, December 4, 1860, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 192.
19
Brewer, Up and Down California, pp. 29-114.
20
Ibid., p. 24.
21
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 3 (1863): 24.
22
Whitney to William D. Whitney, May 3, 1862, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 214.
23
Charles Hoffman to J.D. Whitney, San Francisco, March 1, 1865,
Charles Frederick Hoff- man Letters to Josiah Whitney and William H. Brewer, C-B 505, folder 16,
24
State Geologist, "Annual Report of the State Geologist of California for the Year 1 862" (San Francisco, 1 864), p. 7.
25
State Geologist, "Annual Report ... for the Year 1862," p. 6.
26
Ibid., p. 7;
Whitney to William D. Whitney, San Francisco, August 15, 1861, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 203.
27
Whitney to J.D. Whitney, Sr., San Francisco, March 24, 1862.
Ibid., pp. 210-211.
28
State Geologist, "Lecture on Geology Delivered [March 19, 1863] Before the Legislature of California" (Sacra- mento, 1863), p. 6.
29
Statutes of California, 1863, p. 751.
30
JCAS, "Annual Report of the State Geologist, for the Year 1863," Appendix, 15th sess., 1864, pp. 6-7.
31
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 3 (1863): 23.
32
Whitney to William Dwight Whitney, San Francisco, November 14, 1863, in Brewster, Life and Letters, pp. 232;
JCAS, "Annual Report of the State Geologist, for the Year 1863," p. 5.
33
J. Ross Browne, Report on the Debates in the Convention of California (Washington, D.C., 1850), Appendix, p. xi.
34
JCAS "Report of the Committee on Mines and Mining Interest of the Assembly, Concerning the State Geo- logical Survey," Appendix, 15th sess., 1864, p. 5.
35
Statutes of California, 1863-64, p. 508.
36
Brewer, Up and Down California, p. 548.
37
Hoffman to Whitney, Oakland, December 9, 1864, Charles Frederick Hoffman Letters, Box 1, folder 13.
38
Hoffman to Whitney, San Francisco, August 1, 1865.
Ibid., Box 1, folder 24.
39
JCAS, "Letter of the State Geologist Relative to the Progress of the State Geological Survey, During the Years 1863-1864," Appendix, 16th sess., 1866, p. 6.
40
Hoffman to Whitney, San Francisco, August 1, 1865, Charles Frederick Hoffman Letters, Box 1, folder 24.
41
Anthony W. Vogdes, "Geological Surveys in the State of California," Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, second series, 3 (May 3,1893): 331-335.
42
"Letter of the State Geologist Relative to the Progress . . . 1863-1864," p. 13.
43
JCAS, "Report of Assembly Committee on Mines and Mining Interests Concerning the State Geological Sur- vey," Appendix, 16th sess., 1866, p. 4.
44
Hoffman to Whitney, Millerton Creek, April 24, 1867, Charles Frederick Hoffman Letters, Box 4, folder 38.
45
JCAS, "Letter of the State Geologist Relative to the Progress of the State Geological Survey During the Years 1866-1867," Appendix, 17th sess., 1868, pp. 6-7.
46
State Geologist, "Letter of the State Geologist Relative to the Progress . . . 1866-1867," p. 8.
47
Ibid., p. 15.
48
State of California, Blue Book or Ros- ter of State Government (Sacramento, 1903), pp. 402-404.
49
Whitney to William D. Whitney, San Francisco, January 27, 1868, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 263.
50
Journal of the Senate, 17th sess. 1867-68, p. 346.
51
Ibid., pp. 427, 675 and 780;
Whitney to William D. Whitney, San Francisco, March 29, 1868, in Brewster, Ufe and Letters, pp. 265-266.
52
Whitney to William D. Whitney, San Francisco, February 26, 1 868,
Whitney to William D. Whitney April 13, 1868, in Brewster, Life and Letters, pp. 264-266.
53
Gerald Nash, State Govern- ment and Economic Development: A History of Administrative Policies in California, 18491933 (Berkeley: Uni- versity of California Institute of Governmental Studies, 1964), pp. 102-104;
Richard White, It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own: A New History of the American West, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991), p. 128.
54
White, Scientists in Conflict, p. 141.
55
Philip J. Ethington, The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco, 1850-1900 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 200-205.
56
JCAS, "Report of the State Geologist on the Condition of the Geological Survey of California," Appendix, 18th sess., 1870, p. 6.
57
Hoffman to Whitney, San Francisco, May 29, 1868, Charles Frederick Hoffman Letters, Box 1, folder 48.
58
American Journal of Science, 98 (1869): 135.
59
Statutes of California, 1869-70, pp. 317, 383.
60
Hoffman to Whitney, San Francisco, January 8, 1871, Charles Frederick Hoffman Letters, Box 2, folder 71.
61
Whitney to William D. Whitney, San Francisco, March 9, 1872, in Brewster, Life and Letters, p. 282.
62
JCAS, "Report of Joint Committee on the Geological Survey of the State," Appendix, 20th sess., 1874, p. 5.
63
JCAS, "Statement of the Progress of the State Geological Survey During the Years 1872-1873," Appendix, 20th sess., 1874, p. 12.
64
Statutes of California, 1873-1874, pp. 694-695.
65
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 6 (1875): 206.
66
Julius Bien to George Davidson, New York, December 18, 1877, in George Davidson, Physical Survey of Cali- fornia (San Francisco, 1878),
Sierra Club Bulletin, 1 (June 1893): 27.
68
State Geologist, "Lecture on Geology Delivered [March 19, 18631 Before the Legislature of California" (Sacra- mento, 1863), p. 5.
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