NOTES

NOTES
1
Milton A. Jones to Cartha DeLoach, October 8, 1965, Declassified Federal Bureau of Investigation File (hereafter DFBIF) 100444762.
Alan Miller, "FBI Spied on César Chavez for Years, Files Reveal," Los Angeles Times, May 30, 1995,
2
Jones to Deloach, October 8, 1965, DFBIF 100444762.
DeLoach to Jones, October 15, 1965;
Airtel, Jones to SAC, Los Angeles, October 8, 1965. Ibid.
3
Miller, "FBI Spied,"
Magda Ortiz to Richard Steven Street, June 15, 1994;
J. Kevin O'Brien to Street, April 14, 1995;
Margaret Ann Irving to Street, August 23, 1995,
4
Tim Chávez, "Let Us Praise César Chavez and What He Stood For," Utica Observer-Dis- Patch, June 8, 1995.
5
Curt Gentry, J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets (New York, 1992) , pp. 63-74.
Ralph de Toledano, J. Edgar Hoover: The Man in His Time (New Rochelle, N.Y., 1973) , p. 40.
Max Lowenthal, The Federal Bureau of Investiga- tion (New York, 1950) , pp. 4345,
David Garrow, The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr.: From "SOLO'' to Memphis (New York, 1981), pp. 54-55, 127, 133-134, 271;
Paul Kimball," The History of The Nation According to the F.B.l.," in Looking at the United States (New York, 1986), pp. 399426;
Nelson Blackstock, Cointelpro: The FBI's Secret War on Political Freedom (New York, 1975), pp. 3-26;
Kenneth O'Reilly, Racial Mat- ters: The FBI's Secret File on Black America 1960-1972 (New York, 1989), pp. 9, 355-359.
Homer Cummings and Carl McFarland, Federal Justice: Chapters in the History of Justice and the Federal Executive (New York, 1937) , p. 429,
7
Director to SAC, Los Angeles, October 1 1, 1965;
DeLoach to Jones, "Com- munist Infiltration of the National Farm Workers Association, Delano, California, Internal Security - C," October 15, 1965;
Hoover to SAC, Los Angeles, October 18, 1965, DFBIF 100444762.
A. Jones to Robert Wick, March 11, 1966.
People's World, October 2, 1965
Paul Richards, The Harvey Richards Film & Video Collection (Oakland, 1991), p. 11,
Paul Richards, Critical Focus: The Black and White Photographs of Harvey Wilson Richards (Oakland, 1987);
Harvey Richards, Atherton, March 15, 1979,
8
DeLoach to jones, "Communist Infiltration . . . ," October 15, 1965, 2, DFBIF 100444762.
9
SAC, Los Angeles FBI, October 20, 1965, "Communist Infiltration . . . ," 3, DFBIF100-444762.
10
Los Angeles SAC to Director, October 22. 1965, DFBIF, 100444762.
SAC, Cincinnati to Director, November 2, 1965 [listing people arrested on October 19] ;
Airtel, SAC Los Angeles to Director, October 25, 1965.
Airtel, SAC, Los Angeles to Director, October 20, 1965.
11
James H. Dillon, September 27, 1966, Washington, D. C, DFBIF 161- 4719.
Memorandum, "Proposed March . . . ," March 14, 1966, DFBIF 100444762.
Los Angeles to Director, September 13, 1966.
Airtel, SAC, Los Angeles FBI to Director, October 20, 1965,
12
SAC, Los Angeles FBI, October 20, 1965, "Communist Infiltration . ..." 2, DFBIF 100-444762.
13
Confidential memorandum, SAC, Los Angeles to Hoover, October 25, 1965;
Interview, Dolores Huerta, July 2, 1986,
14
SAC, Los Angeles to Hoover, January 21, 1966, DFBIF 100-444762.
16
Los Angeles SAC to Hoover, March 1, 1966;
Confidential memorandum, March 9, 1966;
Airtel, SAC Los Angeles to Hoover, March 11, 1966, DFBIF 100444762.
Confidential memorandum, March 9, 1966.
17
Hoover to Los Angeles SAC, March 6, 1966, DFBIF 100444762.
Memorandum, "Proposed March Sponsored by Congress of Racial Equality, Delano to Sacra- mento, California, March 18, 1966 to April 10, 1966, Information Concerning," March 11, 1966;
A. Jones to Robert Wick, March 10, 1966;
Airtel, Los Angeles SAC to Hoover, March 17, 1966.
18
Teletype, Los Angeles FBI to Director, March 17, 1966, DFBIF 100444762.
Memorandum, March 17, 1966, "March Sponsored by the National Farm Workers Association from Delano to Sacramento, California, March 17, 1966 to April 10, 1966, Infor- mation Concerning."
19
Memorandum, "Protest March . . ." March 28, 1966;
Memorandum, "Protest March . . ." April 1, 1966;
Memorandum, "Protest March Sponsored . . ." April 13, 1966, DFBIF 100- 444762.
20
Memorandum, "March Sponsored by . . ." April 4, 1966,
Chicago Sun Times, April 4, 1966;
Memorandum, "Protest March Sponsored . . ." April 4, 1966;
Memoran- dum, "Protest March Sponsored . . ." April 5, 1966,
Riverside Daily Enterprise, April 5, 1966;
Memorandum, "Protest March Sponsored . . ." April 7, 1966;
Memorandum, "Protest March Proposed . . ." April 8, 1966;
Memorandum, "Protest March Sponsored . . ." April 11, 1966,
Riverside Daily Enterprise, April 11, 1966;
Anonymous to Hoover, April 11, 1966,DFBIF 100-444762.
21
Memorandum, "Communist Infiltration . . . ," June 15, 1966, DFBIF 100- 444762.
Memorandum, M. A. Jones to Wick, April 13, 1966;
Director to SAC Houston June 10, 1966;
SAC Los Angeles to Hoover on July 13, 1966;
San Diego Union July 1, 1966;
William Ovitt, "Special Inquiry: César Estrada Chavez," San Diego Field Office, September 28, 1966;
San Diego Union, July 1, 30, September 7, 1966.
22
Mildred Stegall to Cartha D. DeLoach, September 13, 1966, DFBIF 161-4719
23
Delano Record, September 27, 1966.
Washing- ton Post, September 26, 1966;
Director FBI to Sacramento, Washington, and Los Angeles SAC, September 15, 1966;
Washington FBI to Honorable Marvin Watson, September 22, 1966;
Teletype, Sacramento SAC to Director, September 23, 1966, DFBIF 161-4719.
24
Teletype, Los Angeles SAC to Director, September 21, 1966, DFBIF 161- 4719.
Radiogram, Director to Los Angeles SAC, September 27, 1966;
Washington FBI to Honorable Marvin Watson, September 28, 1966.
25
Robert J. McKinley report, September 27, 1966;
Airtel, Sacramento and Los Angeles FBI to Director FBI, September 17, 1966, DFBIF 161- 4719.
26
Chávez's character from "Special Inquiry: Césario Estrada Chávez," October 11, 1966, DFBIF 161-4719.
28
Airtel, San Antonio SAC to Director, June 28, 1966;
"Proposed March..., "June 29, 1966.
29
San Antonio News, June 28, 1966, in Airtel, San Antonio SAC to Director, June 28, 1966, DFBIF 100-444762.
Airtels and Teletypes, San Anto- nio SAC to Director, July 1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 1966;
Memorandum, Los Angeles SAC to Director, July 13, 1966;
Houston SAC to Director, August 5, 10, 16, 17, 1966;
Director to San Antonio SAC, October 25, 1966,
Valley Morning Star, October 26, 1966;
Teletype, San Antonio SAC to Director, October 31, 1966;
"National Farm Workers Association Caravan, Houston, Texas, to Rio Grande City, Texas . . . ," December 15, 1966.
30
Teletypes, Chicago SAC to Director, May 23, 24 1966,
Memorandum, "Re Farm Workers Association Sympathy Demonstration at S & W. Food Company . . . , " May 23, 1966;
"National Farm Workers Association Demonstration at Zimmerman's Liquor Store," December 17, 24, 1966;
"National Farm Workers Demonstra- tion at Parkway liquor . . . ," January 21 , 1967;
Airtel, Chicago SAC to Director, January 23, 1967;
SAC Chicago to Director, May 31, 1967, DFBIF 100444762.
31
Teletypes, Pittsburgh SAC to Director Nov. 15, 23, 1968,
"Demonstra- tion March, November 26, 1968 by United Farm Workers Organizing Committee," Novem- ber 26, 1968, DFBIF 100-444762.
Pittsburgh FBI to Director, October 25, 1969.
32
Memorandum, "United Farm Workers Organizing Committee . . . ," March 14, 1967;
Teletypes from San Francisco SAC to Director, May 23, May 30, 1968;
Director to the Attor- ney General, May 24, 1968;
Sacramento SAC to Director, May 28, 1968, DFBIF 100- 444762.
33
Memorandum, "Picketing of U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark," May 31, 1968, DFBIF 100444762;
San Francisco Chronicle, May 29, 1968.
34
FBI Laboratory to Sacramento FBI, July 31, 1968, DFBIF9- 48291.
Sacramento FBI to Director, June 14, 1968, DFBIF 105-157123.
35
Sacramento SAC to Director, July 13, 19, 31, August 7, 8, 11, 13;
San Francisco SAC to Director, September 16, 30 1968, DFBIF9A8291.
"Correlation Summary - Subject: César Estrada Chavez," February 13, 1975, DFBIF 105-157123.
UFW Executive Board Member, La Paz, May 23, 1982,
36
Memorandum, "United Farm Worker Organizing Committee," August 16, 1968;
Airtel, Sacramento SAC to Director, August 10, 19, 1968;
Delano Record, August 15, 1968, all in DFBIF 100-444762
37
San Francisco FBI to Director, October 30, 1968, Z)F£/F948291.
Fred Vinson to Director, October 3, 1968.
Sacramen- to FBI to Director, October 17, 1968.
O'Conner Hospital episode in San Francisco FBI to Director, January 28, 1969.
Termination of the investigation in Extortion report, San Francis- co FBI, January 28, 1969.
38
Teletype Sacramento, WDC SAC to Director, September 7, 1969, DFBIF 105-157123.
"Proposed Commemoration Program Sponsored by César Chavez . . . ," August 13, 1969;
Director to SACS, WFO, Alexandria, Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Diego, and San Francisco, August 14, 1969;
"Proposed Commemoration Program Sponsored by César Chavez . . . ," September 4, 1969;
Teletype SAC WFO to Director, September 5, 1969.
39
Teletype, Alexandria, Va. FBI to Direc- tor, December 23, 1970.
Teletypes, Pittsburgh FBI to Direc- tor, April 29, May 1, 1970.
Teletypes Baltimore SAC to Director, April 30, May 1 , 2, 1970.
Teletype New York SAC to Director, January 25, 1969, DFBIF 100444762.
Altanta SAC to Director, October 23, 1969;
Tele- type Atlanta SAC to Director, October 25, 1968;
"Demonstration at Fort McPhearson, Atlanta, Georgia, October 25, 1969 . . . ," November 5, 1969.
Teletypes Chicago SAC to Director, April 15, 16;
Memorandum, "National Farm Workers Association Picket Demon- strations, October 18, 1969;"
"National Farm Workers Association," November 12, 1969 enciphered memo, SAC Chicago FBI to Director, November 12, December 20, 1969, all in DFBIF 100-444762.
40
Airtel, Chicago SAC to Director, December 24, 1969;
Memo, "Nation- al Farm Workers' Association," December 24, 1969, DFBIF 100444762.
Teletype, Cincinnati SAC to Director, November 28, 1970, "Appear- ance of César Chavez in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 27-28, 1970, Regarding Kroger Com- pany's Refusal to Buy Union Picked Lettuce," Cincinnati SAC to Director, December 28, 1970, DFBIF 105-157123.
41
"March to and Demonstration at Department of Agriculture, May 4, 1970.
Memo, "United Farm Worker Organizing Commit- tee ... Internal Security," June 20, 1972, DFBIF 444762.
Fort Lewis, Washington see Tele- types Seattle SAC to Director, January 14, February 2, 1971;
Memorandum, "United Farm Workers demonstration at Fort Lewis, Washington, January 14, 1971," February 24, 1971, all in DFBIF 100444762;
New York Times, December 24, 1970;
San Francisco Chronicle, January 19, 1971;
Examiner, January, 26, 1971, in DFBIF 105-157123.
42
"Ex-Agent Sees Plot To Kill César Chavez," Washington Post, December 24, 1971.
Miller, "FBI Files,"
43
"Informer Says He was Part of Coast Plot to Kill César Chávez," New York Times, January 1, 1972;
Kern County Sheriffs Department, March 15, 1995
44
Interview, confidential source, United Farm Workers legal staff, May 24, 1987,
45
FBI Director to David Norman, February 7, 1972;
Airtel, SAC Sacramento to Director, January 27, February 11, 1972, DFBIF 44-51593.
46
Memorandum, "César Chavez -Victim," in SAC, Sacramento to U. S. Attorney General, January 18, 1972;
Airtel, SAC, Sacramento to Director, January 27, 1972;
Memorandum, Director FBI to Assistant Attorney General, January 28, 1972;
C. L. McGowan to Mr. Bates, Feb. 9, 1972;
"Interference with Rights, Civil Rights, Unknown Subjects," in Airtel, SAC, Sacramento to Director, February 11, 1972;
"Note," contained in Airtel, Director to SAC, Sacramento February 28, 1972;
Airtels, Director to SAC, Sacramento, March 3, 10, 1 1, 13, 15, 1972, DFBIF 44-51593.
William J. Vizzard is dated September 23, 1971.
47
Airtel, Director to SAC, Phoenix, September 12, 1972;
Arizona Republic, September 1, 5, 1972, DFBIF 105-157123.
Jacques Levy, César Chavez: Autobiography of La Causa (New York, 1975) , 445-6;
Transcript of preliminary hearing in the Pedigo narcotics case, Sept 14, 1971,
Sacramento Bee, March 31, 1973.
48
Teletype, SAC, Phoenix to Director, April 8, 1972;
Memorandum, SAC, Phoenix to Direc- tor, April 8, 1972;
Teletype, SAC, Phoenix to Director, April 12, 1972;
"Demonstration at Ari- zona State Capitol Building . . . ," April 7, 1972;
Teletype, SAC, Phoenix to Director, April 6, 1972;
Teletype, SAC,Phoenix to Acting Director, May 4, 6, 1972;
Teletype, SAC, Phoenix to Director, May 11, 12, 1972 DFBIF 100444-762.
49
Informative Note, Domestic Intelligence Division, March 16, 1972;
Teletype marked "confidential," Director FBI to President, Vice President, U. S. Secret Service, and Acting Attorney General [By Messenger], March 17, 1972;
Teletype, SAC, New York to Director, Domestic Intelligence Division, March 17, 1972, DFBIF 100-444762.
50
Memorandum, "United Farm Workers and Teamsters Union Con- frontation in Kern County," С L McGowan to Mr. Gebbardt, August 28, 1973 and enclosures, DFBIF44-59048-3, in J. Kevin O'Brien to author, April 14, 1995,
51
"Correlation Summary: Subject César Chavez," February 14, 1975, DFBIF 105-157123.
Frank del Olmo, "Illegal Grower Payoffs to Teamsters Charged," Los Angeles Times, April 20, 1972;
"César Chavez Activities, February 12-13, 1973, Kansas City, Missouri," February 16, 1973.
52
Sacramento FBI, "César Chávez," August 11, 1975, DFBIF 105-157123.
Teletype, SAC, Sacramento to Director, February 28, 1975.
53
Don Whitehead, The FBI Story: A Report to the People (New York, 1956), pp. vii, 396, 403.
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