NOTES

NOTES
1
Stan Yogi, "Legacies Revealed: Uncovering Buried Plots in the Stories of Hisaye Yamamoto," Studies in American Fiction, 17 (Autumn 1989): 169-181;
King-Кок Cheung, Articulate Silences: Hisaye Yamamoto, Maxine Hong Kingston, Joy Kogawa (Ithaca, NY: Cor- nell University Press, 1993);
Sau-Iing Cynthia Wong, Reading Asian American Literature: From Necessity to Extravagance (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993);
Elaine H. Kim, Asian American Literature: An Introduction to the Writings and Their Social Context (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982).
Denise Filios, Francesca Royster, Barbara Mann, and the students of Сотр. lit 36, particularly Matthew Saunders.
2
David Fine, "Nathanael West, Raymond Chandler, and the Los Angeles Novel," Califor- nia History, LXVIII (Winter 1989/90): 196.
3
Hisaye Yamamoto, "Wilshire Bus," Seventeen Syllables and Other Stories (Latham, NY: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press, 1988), p. 37.
4
Yogi, "Legacies Revealed," p. 179.
5
Dorothy Ritsuko McDonald and Katharine Newman, "Relocation and Dislocation: The Writings of Hisaye Yamamoto and Wakako Yamauchi," Melus, 7 (Fall 1980) ; 23.
6
Historian Ronald Takaki writes: "The Nisei were trapped in an ethnic labor market Only a very tiny percentage of them worked for white employers."
Ronald Takaki, A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America (Boston: Little Brown, 1993), p. 275.
7
Carey McWilliams, North from Mexico (Philadelphia: J.B. Iippincott, 1948) , p. 227.
8
Mauricio Mazon, The Zoot Suit Riots: The Psychology of Symbolic Annihilation (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1984),
Carey McWilliams, Southern California: An Island on the Land (Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, 1973, cl946), pp. 319-321.
9
McWilliams, Southern California, p. 47.
10
Arna Bontemps and Jack Conroy, They Seek A City (Garden City: Doubleday, 1945) , p. 205.
11
John Modell, Economics and Politics of Racial Accommodation: The Japanese of Los Angeles, 1900-1 942 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977), p. 10.
12
Hisaye Yamamoto, "Yoneko's Earthquake," Seventeen Syllables and Other Stories, p. 52.
13
King James Version of the Old Testament Book of Esther, 7:10.
14
Chester Himes, If He Hollers Let Him Go (New York: Thunders Mouth Press, 1986, cl945),pp.3-4.
15
Charles L. Crow, "A MELUS Interview: Hisaye Yamamoto." Melus, 14 (Spring 1987) 78.
16
John Okada, No-No Boy (Tokyo: Charles Tuttle, 1957), p. 202.
17
Bess Myerson, quoted in Susan Dworkin, Miss America 1945: Bess Myerson's Own Story (New York: Newmarket Press, 1987) , p. 7.
18
Takaki, A Diferent Mirror, p. 399.
19
King-Kok Cheung, "Introduction," Seventeen Syllables, p. xiv.
20
Takaki, A Different Mirror, p. 276.
21
Elaine H. Kim, Asian American Literature: An Introduction to the Writings and Their Social Context (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982), pp. 134-135.
22
Monica Sone, Nisei Daughter (Seattle: University of Washington Press. 1953), pp. 237- 238.
23
Gwendolyn Wright, Building the Dream: A Social History of Housing in America (New York: Pantheon, 1981) , Chapter 13: The New Suburban Expansion and the American Dream."
24
Robert Fishman, Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia (New York: Basic Books, 1987), pp. 170-171.
25
Sucheng Chan, Asian Californians (San Francisco: MTL/Boyd & Fraser/Golden State Series, 1991), pp 105-110.
26
Robert M. Fogelson, The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles. 1850-1930 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967) , p. 191.
27
Ibid., p. 188.
28
Wong, Reading Asian American Literature, p. 136.
29
Ibid.p.123.
30
Hisaye Yamamoto, "life Among the Oil Fields: A Memoir," Seventeen Syllables and Other Stories, p. 89.
31
Wong, Reading Asian American Literature, p. 141.
32
John Modell, Economics and Politics of Racial Accommodation: The Japanese of Los Angeles, 1900-1942 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977),
Elisabeth Korn- hauser, reminiscences of life in pre-war Los Angeles, conversation with the author, May 10, 1994;
Ronald Takaki, Strangers From a Different Shore (Boston: little, Brown, 1989), pp. 203- 208.
33
Mitsuye Yamada, "Desert Run," Desert Run: Poems and Stories (Latham, NY: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press, 1988), p. 5.
34
Mazon, The Zoot Suit Riots, pp. 16-17.
35
Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston, Farewell to Manzanar (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973), p. 114.
36
Yamamoto, Seventeen Syllables and Other Stories, p. 45.
37
Stan Yogi, "Legacies Revealed," p. 180.
38
McWilliams, Southern California, pp. 21-22, 76-77.
39
Mike Davis, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (New York: Vintage, 1992), p. 30.
40
Lewis Browne, Oh, Say Can You See!,
McWilliams, Southern California, p. 180.
41
Hisaye Yamamoto, "After Johnny Died," Los Angeles Tribune, 26 November 1945,
42
Don Parson, "This Modern Marvel': Bunker Hill, Chavez Ravine, and the Politics of Modernism in Los Angeles," Southern California Quarterly, LXXV (Fall/Winter 1993): 335.
43
Elizabeth A, Wheeler, "Bulldozing the Subject," Essays in Postmodern Culture, Eyal Amiran and John Unsworth, eds. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), pp, 199-228.
44
Parson, This Modern Marvel," p. 343.
45
Andrew Lind, Hawaii's Japanese: An Experiment in Democracy (Princeton University Press, 1946), p. 162,
Takaki, a Different Mirror, p. 385.
46
Gunnar Myrdal with Richard A. Sterner and Arnold Rose, An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (New York: Harper & Row, 1962, с 1944) .
47
Cheung, Articulate Silences, pp. 64-65.
48
Yamamoto, "...I Still Carry It Around," RIKKA,3 (1976): 11.
49
Cheung, Articulate Silences, p. 72.
50
joy Kogawa, Obasan (Boston: David R Godine, 1982), p. 240.
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