NOTES

NOTES
1
U.S. 72nd Congress, 1st session, 1931-32, Acceptance and Unveiling of the Statues of Junípero Serra and Thomas Starr King (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1932), p. 21.
2
San Francisco Chronicle, May 4, 21-22; November 17, 1927; January 20, 1928.
3
U.S. 72nd Congress, Acceptance and Unveiling of the Statues, pp. 21-22;
San Francis- co Chronicle, May 1, 1927.
James D. Hart, A Companion to California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987) , p. 498.
4
San Francisco Chronicle, May 4, 1927.
5
Ibid.,May 21,1927.
6
Iris H.W. Engstrand, Serra's San Diego: Father Junípero Serra and California's Begin- nings (San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, 1982), p. 9.
7
Norman Neuerburg, The Changing Face of Mission San Diego ," Journal of San Diego History, 32 (Winter 1986): 2.
8
Acceptance and Unveiling of the Statues, p. 25.
9
Ibid..29.
10
Francis F. Guest, "Pedro Fages' Five Complaints against Junípero Serra," The Californi- ans, 8 (July/August 1990): 45.
11
James A. Sandos, "Junípero Serra's Canonization and the Historical Record," A merican Historical Review, 93 (December 1988): 1255.
Ibid., p. 1258.
12
Sherburne Cook, Population Trends among the California Mission Indians (Ibero-Amer- icana No. 17;
Berkeley, 1940) , pp. 2-48.
13
Sherburne Cook, The Indian versus the Spanish Mission (Ibero-Americana No. 21; Berkeley, 1943), p. 64.
14
Walton Bean and James J. Rawls, California: An Interpretive History (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1988), p. 38.
15
Francis Guest, The Habit of Affection: Pastoral Theology, Padres and Indians," The Californians, 2 (September/October 1984): 16.
16
Francis Guest, "An Examination of the Thesis of S.F. Cook on the Forced Conver- sion of Indians in the California Missions," Southern California Quarterly, 61 (Spring 1979): 1-78;
"Cultural Perspectives on California Mission Life," ibid., 65 (Spring 1983): 1-65;
"Junípero Serra and His Approach to the Indians," ibid., 67 (Fall 1985): 223-262.
17
Francis Guest, "New Look at California's Missions," in Some Reminiscences about Fray Junípero Serra, ed. by Francis J. Weber (California Catholic Conference, 1985), pp. 77-88.
Robert Archibald, "Indian Labor at the California Missions: Slavery or Salvation?,"/ö«rnö/of San Diego History, 24 (Spring 1978): 172-82, The Economic Aspects of the California Missions (Washington, D.C: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1978);
Hebert E. Bolton, The Mission as a Frontier Institution in the Spanish American Colonies," American Histori- cal Review, 23 (October 1917): 42-61;
Rupert Costo and Jeannette Henry Costo, eds., The Missions of California: A Legacy of Genocide (San Francisco: Indian Historian Press, 1987);
Francis Guest, The Indian Policy under Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, California's Second Father President," California History, 45 (September 1966): 195-224;
Robert Heizer, "Impact of Colonization on the Native California Societies," Journal of San Diego History, 24 (Winter 1978): 121-139;
Clement W. Meighan, "Indians and California Missions," Southern California Quarterly, 69 (Fall 1987): 187-201;
George H. Phillips, "Indians and the Breakdown of the Spanish Mission System in California," Ethnohistory, 21 (Fall 1974): 291-302.
18
Mar- tin Morgado, "Non Recedet Memoria Ejus, The Story of Blessed Junípero Serra's Mission Carmel Grave," California History, 67 (September 1988): 150-166, 205-206.
Sandos, "Junípero Serra's Canonization and the Historical Record," pp. 1253-1269, "Junípero Serra and California History," The Cali- fornians, 7 (March-August 1989): 18, 21-25.
Dennis Sharp, "Evidence in Serra Case Ignored? The Dispute Summarized," ibid., 7 (March-August 1989): 20-21.
19
Allan Nevins, Frémont, the West's Greatest Adventurer (2 vols., New York: Harper, 1928), Frémont, Pathmarkerofthe West (New York: D. Appleton-Century Co., 1939; 2nd rev. ed., 1955).
Flag Revolt Bernard DeVoto, The Year of Decision: 1846 (1st ed., 1942; Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1961), pp. 111-472.
John A. Hagwood, "John С Fre- mont and the Bear Flag Rebellion: A Reappraisal," Southern California Quarterly, 49 (June 1962): 67-96;
Donald Jackson and Mary Lee Spence, eds., The Expeditions of John Charles Fre- mont (3vols., Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1970-84);
Ferol Egan, Fremont, Explorer fora Restless Nation (New York: Doubleday, 1977);
Neal Harlow, California Conquered: War and Peace on the Pacific, 1846-1850 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982).
Andrew Rolle, "Exploring and Explorer: Psychohistory and John Charles Fremont," Pacific Historical Review, 51 (May 1982): 135-164,
John Charles Fremont: Character as Destiny (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991).
20
W.H. Hutchinson, California: Two Centuries of Man, Land, and Growth in the Golden State (Palo Alto, California: American West Publishing Co., 1969) , p. 98.
21
Oscar Lewis, The Big Four: The Story of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker and the Building of the Central Pacific (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1938; paper ed., 1971).
Hal Bridges, "The Robber Baron Concept in American History," Business History Review, 33 (Spring 1958): 1-13;
Thomas Cochran, The Legend of the Robber Barons," Penn- sylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 76 (July 1950): 307-321;
Edward Kirkland, "The Robber Barons Revisited," American Historical Review, 66 (October 1960) : 68-73.
22
Linnie Marsh Wolfe, Son of the Wilderness: The Life of John Muir (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1945);
Holway R. Jones, John Muir and the Sierra Club: The Battle for Yosemite (San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1965);
Stephen Fox John Muir and His Legacy: The American Conservation Movement (Boston: Little, Brown, 1981);
Frederick Turner, Rediscovering America: John Muir in His Time and Ours (New York: Viking Penguin, 1985).
Elmo R. Richardson, "The Struggle for the Valley: California's Hetch Hetchy Controversy, 1905-1913," California Historical Society Quarterly, 38 (September 1959): 249-258;
Kendrick A. Clements, "Politics and the Park: San Francisco's Fight for Hetch Hetchy, 1908- 1913," Pacific Historical Review, 47 (May 1979): 185-216.
23
Acceptance and Unveiling of the Statues, p. 45.
Charles W. Wendte, Thomas Starr King, Patriot and Preacher (Boston: Beacon Press, 1921), pp. 3-68.
Hubert H. Bancroft, History of California (Reprinted, 7 vols.; Santa Barbara, California: Wallace Hebberd, 1970; originally published 1884-1890), VII: 287, 731;
Boston Transcript, March 5, 1864;
San Francisco Bulletin, March 4, 1864;
Alta California, March 5, 1864.
Octavius B. Frothingham, Boston Unitarianism, 1820-1850: A Study of the Life and Work of Nathaniel Langdon Frothingham (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1890).
24
Wendte, Thomas Starr King, p. 69.
25
Acceptance and Unveiling of the Statues, p. 46.
William G. Eliot, "Thomas Starr King in Oregon, 1862," Oregon Historical Quarterly, 32 (June 1931): 105-113.
26
Richard H. Peterson, Thomas Starr King in California, 1860-64: Forgotten Natural- ist of the Civil War," California History, 69 (Spring 1990): 12-21, 79-80.
The White Hills: Their Legends, Landscapes, and Poetry (Boston: Crosby and Nichols, 1862).
Sandra Sizer Frankiel, California's Spiritual Frontiers: Religious Alternatives in Anglo-Protestantism, 1850- 1910 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988) , p. 23.
John A. Hussey, ed., Л Vacation among the Sierra: Yosemite in 1860 (San Francisco: The Book Club of San Francisco, 1960).
27
Carol Dunlap, California People (Layton, Utah: Peregrine Smith, 1982), p. 110;
Arnold Crompton, Apostle of Liberty: Starr King in California (Boston: Beacon Press, 1950), pp. 33-59.
28
Wendte, Thomas Starr King, p. 122.
29
Acceptance and Unveiling, p. 26.
30
Percival J. Cooney, "Southern California in Civil War Days," Historical Society of Southern California Annual, 13 (1924): 54-68;
John J. Earle, The Sentiment of the People of California with Respect to the Civil War," American Historical Association A nnual Report, 1 (Washington, D.C., 1907): 125-135;
Helen B. Walter, "Confederates in Southern California," Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 35 (March 1953): 41-55;
Benjamin F. Gilbert, The Confederate Minority in California," Califor- nia Historical Society Quarterly, 20 (June 1941): 154-170;
Ronald С Woolsey, "Disunion or Dissent? A New Look at an Old Problem in Southern California Attitudes toward the Civil War," Southern California Quarterly, 66 (Fall 1984): 185-205,
The Politics of a Lost Cause: 'Seceshers' and Democrats in Southern California during the Civil War," California History, 69 (Winter 1990/91): 372-383, 407-408;
Ward M. McAfee, "California's House Divid- ed," Civil War History, 33 (June 1987): 115-130;
John W. Robinson, "A California Copper- head: Henry Hamilton and the Los Angeles Star," Arizona and the West, 23 (Autumn 1981): 213-230;
Robert Chandler, The Press and Civil Liberties in California during the Civil War, 1861-1865" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Riverside, 1978),
"Fighting Words: Censoring Civil War, California Journalism," The Californians, 8 (May/June 1990): 46-57,
"Crushing Dissent: The Pacific Coast Tests Lincoln's Policy of Suppression, 1862," Civil War History, 30 (September 1984): 235-254;
Bean and Rawls, Cali- fornia, pp. 104-106;
Andrew F. Rolle and John S. Gaines, The Golden State: A History of California (Arlington Heights, Illinois: AHM Publishing Corp., 1979), pp. 144-145.
31
Bean and Rawls, California, pp. 104-106;
Gerald Stanley, "Slavery and the Origins of the Republican Party in California," Southern California Quarterly, 60 (Spring 1978): 1-16;
The Slavery Issue and Election in California, 1860," Mid-America, 62 (January 1980): 3546;
"Civil War Politics in California," Southern California Quarterly, 64 (Summer 1982) : 115- 132.
32
Crompton, Apostle of Liberty, pp. 38-59.
Samuel Hopkins Willey, Thirty Years in California (San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft and Co., 1879), pp. 52-53.
William Day Simonds, Starr King in California (San Francisco: P. Elder and Co., 1917), pp. 60-64:
33
Kevin Starr, Ameri- cans and the California Dream, 1850-1915 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1973, paper edition, 1986), p. 122.
David A. Williams, David С Broderick: A Political Portrait (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1969).
Dictionary of American Biography (20 vols., New York: С Scribner's Sons, 1933), X, 403404.
34
Bean and Rawls, California, p. 23.
Maynard Geiger, Palóu's Life of Fray Junípero Serra, tr. and ed. by Maynard Geiger (Washington, D.C.: American Franciscan Academy, 1945).
35
Acceptance and Unveiling, p. 30.
San Francisco Bul- letin, March 4, 1864,
Cropton, Apostle of Lib- erty, p. 55.
36
Rockwell D. Hunt and Nellie Van de Grift Sanchez, A Short History of California (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1929), p 526;
Russell M. Posner, 'Thomas Starr King and the Mercy Million," California Historical Society Quarterly, 43 (December 1964): 291-307;
Charles J. Stille, History of the United States Sanitary Commission (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippin- cott and Co., 1866), pp. 212-213.
Dr. Robert J. Chandler, Historical Offi- cer and Senior Research Specialist, History Department, Wells Fargo Bank, San Francisco, to the author, August 27, 1990.
37
Wendte, Thomas Starr King, p. 164.
38
Acceptance and Unveiling, p. 47.
39
Glenn C. Altschuler, "Review," Frankiel, California's Spiritual Frontiers, in the Pacific Historical Review, 58 (August 1989), 376.
Mary K. Cayton, "The Making of an American Prophet: Emerson, His Audiences, and the Rise of the Culture Industry in Nine- teenth-Century America," A merican Historical Review, 92 (June 1987): 597-620.
Andrew Rolle, Cali- fornia: A History (Arlington Heights, Illinois: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1987), p. 249.
40
Thomas R. Bard's pioneering career is the subject of W.H. Hutchinson, Oil, Land and Politics: The California Career of Thomas Robert Bard (2 vols., Norman: University of Okla- homa Press, 1965).
Spencer Crump, Ride the Big Red Cars: How Trol- leys Helped Build Southern California (Los Angeles: Crest Publications, 1962).
Laurence R. Veysey, The Pacific Electric Railway Company," typescript on microfilm (Ban- croft Library, University of California at Berkeley, 1953).
James Thorpe, et ai, The Founding of the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery (San Marino: Huntington Library, 1969).
Richard H. Peterson, "Philanthropic Phoebe: The Educational Charity of Phoebe Apperson Hearst," California History, 64 (Fall 1985): 284-289, 313-315.
41
Bean and Rawls, California, pp. 266-276.
Robert E. Hennings, "California Democratic Politics in the Period of Republican Ascendancy," Pacific Historical Review, 31 (August 1962): 267- 280;
Jackson K. Putnam, Modern California Politics (San Francisco: Boyd and Fraser, 1984), pp. 1-13.
42
Aimee Semple McPherson is discussed in Nancy Barr Mavity, Sister Aimée (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1931)
Thomas, The Vanishing Evangelist (New York: Viking, 1959).
43
Hal Curtis, "California Decides," California Freemason, 8 (Spring 1961): 68.
Ibid., p. 60.
44
Neuerburg, "The Changing Face of Mission San Diego," p. 18.
45
Rolle, California, p. 435.
Karen J. Weitze, California's Mission Revival (Los Angeles: Hennessey and Ingals, 1984).
46
"Rolle, California, p. 436.
José Churriguera, 1650-1725,
Clarence L and Robert K. Barnhart, eds., The World Book Dictionary, vol. 1 (Chicago: Dou- bleday, 1981) , 369.
Gre- gory Montes, "Balboa Park, 1909-1911,
Journal of San Diego History, 28 (Winter 1982): 46-67.
Bruce Kamerling, "Irving Gill: The Artist as Architect," Journal of San Diego History, 25 (Spring 1979): 151-190.
47
Greg R. Hennessey, "Junípero Serra Museum: Architectural, Cultural and Urban Land- Mark," Journal of San Diego History, 25 (Summer 1979) , 226.
48
James D. Hart, American Images of Spanish California (Berkeley: The Friends of the Bancroft Library, 1960), pp. 33-34.
Kevin Starr, Inventing the Dream: California through the Progressive Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985, paper ed.) , p. 88.
49
Herbert E. Bolton, The Spanish Borderlands: A Chronicle of Old Florida and the South- east (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1921), p. 379.
Two California Heroes: Why Junípero Serra and Thomas Starr King were chosen as immortals to grace National Statuary Hall," Touring Topics, A Magazine for Motorists, 23 (March 1931): 42-43, 52.
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