NOTES

NOTES
1
New York Times, 22 September 1987, sec. A, p. 16.
2
Francis M. Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Angeles," The Annals, 353 (May 1964): 115-16.
3
Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Angeles," pp. 118-19.
4
Raphael J. Sonenshein, "Bradley 's People: Functions of the Candidate Organization (Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 1984), p. 23.
5
Los Angeles: Structure of a City (2nd ed., Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1968).
Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Ange- les," pp. 112-13.
John M. Allswang, California Initiatives and Referendums, 1912- 1990: A Survey and Guide to Research (Los Angeles, Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute of Public Affairs, California State University, Los Angeles, 1991).
6
Los Angeles Times, 13 December 1987, Sec. V, p. 3.
7
Sonenshein, ' 'Bradley 's People," p. 69.
8
Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Angeles," pp. 116-17.
9
Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Angeles," pp. 109-11.
M. Allswang, Bosses, Machines, and Urban Voters (Rev. ed., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986).
10
Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Angeles," pp. III, 114-15.
11
Sonenshein, "Bradley 's People, pp. i, 6-19;
Carney, "The Decentralized Politics of Los Angeles," pp. 111, 115.
12
J. Gregory Payne and Scott Ratzan, Tom Bradley: The Impossible Dream (New York: Paper Jacks, Ltd., 1987)
James Lee Robin- son, Jr., ''Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1976).
13
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," p. 39-40.
14
Interview in Washington Post, 27 July 1984, Sec. B, p. 1.
15
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," pp. 47-49;
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 103-05.
16
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 1-2.
17
Robmson, Tom Bradley: Los Angeles s First Black Mayor, pp. 84-87.
18
Robinson, Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 88-90;
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," pp. 36-37;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 61-67.
19
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 96-99, 101;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 70-74.
20
Quoted in Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," p. 105
21
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," pp. 23-25.
22
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 111-14.
Los Angeles Times, 4 March 1969, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
23
Los Angeles Times, 9 March 1969, Sec. I, p. 3ff.
24
On the campaign, see Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 95-96, 104;
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 116-17, 119;
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," 37-38.
25
Harlan Hahn and Timothy Almy, "Ethnic Politics and Racial Issues in Voting in Los Angeles," Western Political Quarterly, 24 (December 1971): 722.
26
Hahn and Almy, "Ethnic Politics and Racial Issues," p. 723.
27
Sonenshein, "Bradley s People," pp. 84-85.
28
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 135-37.
29
Los Angeles Times, 27 January 1973, Sec. 2, p. 1ff.;
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 132-33, 142-43, 146-47.
Los Angeles Times. 24 January 1973. Sec. II. p. 1ff.
30
Harlan Hahn, David Klingman, and Harry Pachon, "Cleavages, Coalitions and the Black Candidate in the Los Angeles Mayoralty Elections of 1969 and 1973," Western Political Quarterly. 29 (December 1976): 507-20.
31
Los Angeles Times, 7 April 1977, Sec. 1, p. 1;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 189-90, 192-93.
32
New York Times, 13 April 1981, Sec. A, p. 18;
Christian Science Monitor, 13 February 1981, p. 2;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 230-33.
33
Christian Science Monitor, 28 January 1982, p. 2.
34
Mary Ellen Leary, "The Name's the Game in California," The Nation, 232 (May 9, 1981): 562-63.
35
Christian Science Monitor, 3 June 1982, p. 2.
36
New York Times, 28 January 1982, sec. I, p. 14.
37
Christian Science Monitor, 11 October 1982, p. 1ff.;
Leary, "The Name's the Game in California," pp. 562-63;
Los Angeles Times, 29 August 1983, Sec. I, p. 3ff.
38
California Poll (Field Institute 8205, August 1985, Q14B);
Los Angeles Times, 1 November 1982, Sec. I, p. 1ff;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 356, 267, 270-71.
39
Los Angeles Times, 10 February 1985, Sec. II, p. 1.
40
Washington Post, 31 March 1985, Sec. A, p. 6.
Los Angeles Times, 21 March 1985, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
41
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, p. 320.
42
Los Angeles Times, 11 April 1985, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
43
Christian Science Monitor, 28 October 1986, p. 5.
Los Angeles Times, 29 October 1986, Sec. I, p. 3.
44
Tom Wicker article in the New York Times, 17 January 1986, Sec. A, p. 31.
45
Washington Post, 26 March 1986, Sec. A, p. 3.
46
Christian Science Monitor, 28 October 1986, p. 5;
Los Angeles Times, 24 December 1985, Sec. I, p. 3;
4 April 1986, Sec. I, p. 3;
25 October 1986, Sec. I, p. 3ff.;
27 October 1986, Sec. IV. p. 11.
47
California Poll (Field Institute 8601, March 1986, Q11A); New York Times, 26 February 1986, Sec. A, p. 18; Wall St. Journal, 26 September 1986, p. 60.
48
Los Angeles Times, 3 November 1986, Sec. 1, p. 3ff.;
Los Angeles Times, 12 October 1986, Sec. I, p. 3.
49
On the effects of the 1986 loss, see, Los Angeles Times, 6 November 1986, Sec. I, p. 1ff.; 4 March 1988, Sec. V, p. 8.
50
Los Angeles Times, 31 January 1987, Sec. I, p. 1ff;
New York Times, 6 February 1987, Sec. A, p. 10.
52
Los Angeles Times, 31 March 1989, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
53
Christian Science Monitor, 13 March 1985, p. 1ff.
54
Cornish Rogers, "Tom Bradley and the Black Churches," Christian Century, 90 (June 13, 1973): 668.
55
Los Angeles Times 16 April 1987, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
56
Ibid., 8 May 1985, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
13 May 1985, See. II, p. 6.
57
Ibid., 23 June 1984, See. II, p. 1ff;
14 July 1984, Sec. II, p. 8.
Los Angeles Times, 9 March 1969, Sec. I, p.3ff.
58
Los Angeles Times, 13 September 1985, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
59
Los Angeles Times, 16 September 1985, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
New York Times, 2 November 1985, Sec. A, p. 10.
60
J. Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, p. 147;
Los Angeles Times, 23 September 1986, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
61
Los Angeles Times, 24 March 1984, Sec. I, p. 27;
New York Times, 6 February 1987, Sec. A, p. 10;
Los Angeles Times, 30 June 1973, Sec. II, p. 1ff;
10 March 1987, Sec. II, p. 1ff;
5 September 1985, Sec. V, p. 1ff.
62
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, p. 325.
63
Los Angeles Times, 1 July 1986, Sec. I, p. 3ff.
64
New York Times, 30 April 1983, Sec. A, p. 6;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 156-57.
65
New York Times, 7 April 1985, Sec. E, p. 4;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 139-42, 167.
66
New York Times, 26 February 1986, Sec. A, p. 18.
68
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 84, 170-71.
69
Washington Post, 24 May 1983, Sec. B, p. 1ff.;
New York Times, 22 June 1984, Sec. A, p. 18.
70
Los Angeles Times, 30 June 1973, Sec. II, p. 1ff.;
Sonen- shein, "Bradley's People," pp. 45, 142-43.
71
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," pp. 70-71;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 193, 143.
72
Los Angeles Times 16 July 1983, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
73
Ibid., 30 March 1984, Sec. II, d. 1ff.
74
Ibid., 25 May 1984, Sec. I, p. 1ff;
3 June 1984, Sec. IV, p. 3;
15 June 1984, Sec. II, p. 1ff.;
New York Times, 28 May 1984, Sec. A, p. 8.
75
Los Angeles Times, 13 December 1987, Sec. V, p. 3,
76
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," pp. 124-26, 145-46.
Los Angeles Times, 2 July 1983, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
77
Los Angeles Times, 16 April 1987, Sec. I, p. 1ff;
Sonenshein, "Bradley's People," pp. 127-28.
78
Los Angeles Times, 2 May 1991, Sec. A, p. 1ff.; Sec. В, р. 1ff.
79
Ibid., 3 May 1991, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
80
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 142-43.
81
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 161-62.
82
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, p. 210;
Richard J. Pietschmann, "20 Ways Tom and Jerry Can Save Billions—Starting Now," Los Angeles, 23 Guly 1978): 109-11.
83
Los Angeles Times, 18 January 1983, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
29 April 1983, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
27 May 1983, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
New York Times, 30 April 1983, Sec. A, p. 6.
84
Los Angeles Times, 22 April 1983, Sec. II, p. 1.
85
Ibid., 13 December 1982, Sec. II, pp. 5-6.
86
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles s First Black Mayor, pp. 156-61; Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 153-56.
87
Time Magazine, 107 (24 May 1976): 63-64;
Los Angeles Times, 4 July 1973, Sec. I, p. 23;
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 152;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, pp. 144-45, 166.
88
Christian Science Monitor, 7 February 1980, p. 7;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, p. 167.
89
Los Angeles Times, 11 November 1983, Sec. II, p. 5;
10 May 1984, Sec. I, pp. 1ff.;
New York Times, 6 February 1984, Sec. C, p. 4.
90
Robinson, "Tom Bradley: Los Angeles's First Black Mayor," pp. 156;
Payne and Ratzan, Tom Bradley, p. 146.
91
Los Angeles Times, 21 March 1985, Sec. I, pp. 1ff.
92
Ibid., 17 March 1985, Sec. II, p. 1ff; 21 March, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
94
New York Times, 22 September 1987, Sec. A, pp. 22;
Los Angeles Times, 28 April 1988, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
Ibid., 4 July 1973, Sec. I, p. 23.
95
New York Times, 22 September 1987, Sec. A, p. 16.
96
Los Angeles Times, 15 December 1988, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
97
Ibid., 31 March 1989, Sec. II, p. 1ff.;
13 April 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
11 May 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
98
Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, 21 July 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff;
25 July 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
Los Angeles Times, 21 July 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
25 July 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
29 July 1989, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
99
Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, 11 July 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
13July 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
24 July 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
29 September 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
Los Angeles Times, 22 July 1989, Sec. II, p. 1ff.
100
Los Angeles Times, 24 September 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
Los Angeles Times, 12 November 1990, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
101
Los Angeles Times, 28 April 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
18 May 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
25 May 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
6 August 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
5 May 1990, Sec. B, p. 1ff.;
Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, 12 August 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
102
Ibid., 17 August 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
4 September 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff;
Los Angeles Times, 14 September 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.;
29 December 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
103
Ibid., 22 February 1991, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
104
Ibid., 30 March 1991, Sec. B, p. 3ff.
105
Ibid., 18 March 1991, Sec. A, p. 1ff.;
May 1991, Sec. B, p. 1ff.;
26 May 1991, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
106
Los Angeles Times, 15 September 1989, Sec. I, p. 1ff.
Los Angeles Herald-Examiner had similar results: 17 September 1989, Sec. A, p. 1ff.
107
Los Angeles Times, 4 August 1991, Sec. B, p. 1ff.
108
John M. Allswang, "Only in LA: The Mayor Is on the Firing Line but Draws Little Flak," Los Angeles Times (Op-Ed), 11 May 1989, Sec. II, p. 7.
109
Los Angeles Times, 26 May 1991, Sec. B, p. 1ff
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